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PASS

NAME

pass - stores, retrieves, generates, and synchronizes passwords securely

SYNOPSIS

pass [ COMMAND ] [ OPTIONS ]... [ ARGS ]...

DESCRIPTION

pass is a very simple password store that keeps passwords inside gpg2(1) encrypted files inside a simple directory tree residing at ~/.password-store. The pass utility provides a series of commands for manipulating the password store, allowing the user to add, remove, edit, synchronize, generate, and manipulate passwords.

If no COMMAND is specified, COMMAND defaults to either show or ls, depending on the type of specifier in ARGS. Otherwise COMMAND must be one of the valid commands listed below.

Several of the commands below rely on or provide additional functionality if the password store directory is also a git repository. If the password store directory is a git repository, all password store modification commands will cause a corresponding git commit. See the EXTENDED GIT EXAMPLE section for a detailed description using init and git(1).

The init command must be run before other commands in order to initialize the password store with the correct gpg key id. Passwords are encrypting using the gpg key set with init.

There is a corresponding bash completion script for use with tab completing password names in bash(1).

COMMANDS

init [ --path=sub-folder, -p sub-folder ] gpg-id...

Initialize new password storage and use gpg-id for encryption. Multiple gpg-ids may be specified, in order to encrypt each password with multiple ids. This command must be run first before a password store can be used. If the specified gpg-id is different from the key used in any existing files, these files will be reencrypted to use the new id. Note that use of gpg-agent(1) is recommended so that the batch decryption does not require as much user intervention. If --path or -p is specified, along with an argument, a specific gpg-id or set of gpg-ids is assigned for that specific sub folder of the password store. If only one gpg-id is given, and it is an empty string, then the current .gpg-id file for the specified sub-folder (or root if unspecified) is removed.

ls subfolder

List names of passwords inside the tree at subfolder by using the tree(1) program. This command is alternatively named list.

grep search-string

Searches inside each decrypted password file for search-string, and displays line containing matched string along with filename. Uses grep(1) for matching. Make use of the GREP_OPTIONS environment variable to set particular options.

find pass-names...

List names of passwords inside the tree that match pass-names by using the tree(1) program. This command is alternatively named search.

show [ --clip, -c ] pass-name

Decrypt and print a password named pass-name. If --clip or -c is specified, do not print the password but instead copy the first line to the clipboard using xclip(1) and then restore the clipboard after 45 (or PASSWORD_STORE_CLIP_TIME) seconds.

insert [ --echo, -e | --multiline, -m ] [ --force, -f ] pass-name

Insert a new password into the password store called pass-name. This will read the new password from standard in. If --echo or -e is not specified, disable keyboard echo when the password is entered and confirm the password by asking for it twice. If --multiline or -m is specified, lines will be read until EOF or Ctrl+D is reached. Otherwise, only a single line from standard in is read. Prompt before overwriting an existing password, unless --force or -f is specified. This command is alternatively named add.

edit pass-name

Insert a new password or edit an existing password using the default text editor specified by the environment variable EDITOR or using vi(1) as a fallback. This mode makes use of temporary files for editing, but care is taken to ensure that temporary files are created in /dev/shm in order to avoid writing to difficult-to-erase disk sectors. If /dev/shm is not accessible, fallback to the ordinary TMPDIR location, and print a warning.

generate [ --no-symbols, -n ] [ --clip, -c ] [ --in-place, -i |
--force
, -f ] pass-name pass-length

Generate a new password using pwgen(1) of length pass-length and insert into pass-name. If --no-symbols or -n is specified, do not use any non-alphanumeric characters in the generated password. If --clip or -c is specified, do not print the password but instead copy it to the clipboard using xclip(1) and then restore the clipboard after 45 (or PASSWORD_STORE_CLIP_TIME) seconds. Prompt before overwriting an existing password, unless --force or -f is specified. If --in-place or -i is specified, do not interactively prompt, and only replace the first line of the password file with the new generated password, keeping the remainder of the file intact.

rm [ --recursive, -r ] [ --force, -f ] pass-name

Remove the password named pass-name from the password store. This command is alternatively named remove or delete. If --recursive or -r is specified, delete pass-name recursively if it is a directory. If --force or -f is specified, do not interactively prompt before removal.

mv [ --force, -f ] old-path new-path

Renames the password or directory named old-path to new-path. This command is alternatively named rename. If --force is specified, silently overwrite new-path if it exists. If new-path ends in a trailing /, it is always treated as a directory. Passwords are selectively reencrypted to the corresponding keys of their new destination.

cp [ --force, -f ] old-path new-path

Copies the password or directory named old-path to new-path. This command is alternatively named copy. If --force is specified, silently overwrite new-path if it exists. If new-path ends in a trailing /, it is always treated as a directory. Passwords are selectively reencrypted to the corresponding keys of their new destination.

git git-command-args...

If the password store is a git repository, pass git-command-args as arguments to git(1) using the password store as the git repository. If git-command-args is init, in addition to initializing the git repository, add the current contents of the password store to the repository in an initial commit. If the git config key pass.signcommits is set to true, then all commits will be signed using user.signingkey or the default git signing key. This config key may be turned on using: ‘pass git config --bool --add pass.signcommits true‘

help

Show usage message.

version

Show version information.

SIMPLE EXAMPLES

Initialize password store

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass init Jason@zx2c4.com
mkdir: created directory ‘/home/zx2c4/.password-store’
Password store initialized for Jason@zx2c4.com.

List existing passwords in store

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass
Password Store
├── Business
│ ├── some-silly-business-site.com
│ └── another-business-site.net
├── Email
│ ├── donenfeld.com
│ └── zx2c4.com
└── France
├── bank
├── freebox
└── mobilephone

Alternatively, "pass ls".

Find existing passwords in store that match .com

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass find .com
Search Terms: .com
├── Business
│ ├── some-silly-business-site.com
└── Email
├── donenfeld.com
└── zx2c4.com

Alternatively, "pass search .com".

Show existing password

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass Email/zx2c4.com
sup3rh4x3rizmynam3

Copy existing password to clipboard

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass -c Email/zx2c4.com
Copied Email/jason@zx2c4.com to clipboard. Will clear in 45 seconds.

Add password to store

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass insert Business/cheese-whiz-factory
Enter password for Business/cheese-whiz-factory: omg so much cheese what am i gonna do

Add multiline password to store

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass insert -m Business/cheese-whiz-factory
Enter contents of Business/cheese-whiz-factory and press Ctrl+D when finished:

Hey this is my
awesome
multi
line
passworrrrrrrrd.
^D

Generate new password

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass generate Email/jasondonenfeld.com 15
The generated password to Email/jasondonenfeld.com is:
$(-QF&Q=IN2nFBx

Generate new alphanumeric password

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass generate -n Email/jasondonenfeld.com 12
The generated password to Email/jasondonenfeld.com is:
YqFsMkBeO6di

Generate new password and copy it to the clipboard

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass generate -c Email/jasondonenfeld.com 19
Copied Email/jasondonenfeld.com to clipboard. Will clear in 45 seconds.

Remove password from store

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass remove Business/cheese-whiz-factory
rm: remove regular file ‘/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Business/cheese-whiz-factory.gpg’? y
removed ‘/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Business/cheese-whiz-factory.gpg’

EXTENDED GIT EXAMPLE

Here, we initialize new password store, create a git repository, and then manipulate and sync passwords. Make note of the arguments to the first call of pass git push; consult git-push(1) for more information.

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass init Jason@zx2c4.com
mkdir: created directory ‘/home/zx2c4/.password-store’
Password store initialized for Jason@zx2c4.com.

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass git init
Initialized empty Git repository in /home/zx2c4/.password-store/.git/
[master (root-commit) 998c8fd] Added current contents of password store.
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
create mode 100644 .gpg-id

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass git remote add origin kexec.com:pass-store

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass generate Amazon/amazonemail@email.com 21
mkdir: created directory ‘/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Amazon’
[master 30fdc1e] Added generated password for Amazon/amazonemail@email.com to store.
1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg
The generated password to Amazon/amazonemail@email.com is:
<5m,_BrZY‘antNDxKN<0A

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass git push -u --all
Counting objects: 4, done.
Delta compression using up to 2 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (3/3), done.
Writing objects: 100% (4/4), 921 bytes, done.
Total 4 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
To kexec.com:pass-store
* [new branch] master -> master
Branch master set up to track remote branch master from origin.

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass insert Amazon/otheraccount@email.com
Enter password for Amazon/otheraccount@email.com: som3r3a11yb1gp4ssw0rd!!88**
[master b9b6746] Added given password for Amazon/otheraccount@email.com to store.
1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Amazon/otheraccount@email.com.gpg

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass rm Amazon/amazonemail@email.com
rm: remove regular file ‘/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg’? y
removed ‘/home/zx2c4/.password-store/Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg’
rm ’Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg’
[master 288b379] Removed Amazon/amazonemail@email.com from store.
1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
delete mode 100644 Amazon/amazonemail@email.com.gpg

zx2c4@laptop ~ $ pass git push
Counting objects: 9, done.
Delta compression using up to 2 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (5/5), done.
Writing objects: 100% (7/7), 1.25 KiB, done.
Total 7 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
To kexec.com:pass-store

FILES

~/.password-store

The default password storage directory.

~/.password-store/.gpg-id

Contains the default gpg key identification used for encryption and decryption. Multiple gpg keys may be specified in this file, one per line. If this file exists in any sub directories, passwords inside those sub directories are encrypted using those keys. This should be set using the init command.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

PASSWORD_STORE_DIR

Overrides the default password storage directory.

PASSWORD_STORE_KEY

Overrides the default gpg key identification set by init. Keys must not contain spaces and thus use of the hexidecimal key signature is recommended. Multiple keys may be specified separated by spaces.

PASSWORD_STORE_GIT

Overrides the default root of the git repository, which is helpful if PASSWORD_STORE_DIR is temporarily set to a sub-directory of the default password store.

PASSWORD_STORE_X_SELECTION

Overrides the selection passed to xclip, by default clipboard. See xclip(1) for more info.

PASSWORD_STORE_CLIP_TIME

Specifies the number of seconds to wait before restoring the clipboard, by default 45 seconds.

PASSWORD_STORE_UMASK

Sets the umask of all files modified by pass, by default 077.

EDITOR

The location of the text editor used by edit.

SEE ALSO

gpg2(1), pwgen(1), git(1), xclip(1).

AUTHOR

pass was written by Jason A. Donenfeld. For updates and more information, a project page is available on the World Wide Web.

COPYING

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.