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authorKairui Song <kasong@redhat.com>2019-10-29 18:37:54 +0100
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2019-10-31 09:40:19 +0100
commit220dd7699c46d5940115bd797b01b2ab047c87b8 (patch)
tree3dae4784828220fd228197e34e3727aed73fe57f
parentefi: libstub/arm: Account for firmware reserved memory at the base of RAM (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-220dd7699c46d5940115bd797b01b2ab047c87b8.tar.xz
linux-dev-220dd7699c46d5940115bd797b01b2ab047c87b8.zip
x86, efi: Never relocate kernel below lowest acceptable address
Currently, kernel fails to boot on some HyperV VMs when using EFI. And it's a potential issue on all x86 platforms. It's caused by broken kernel relocation on EFI systems, when below three conditions are met: 1. Kernel image is not loaded to the default address (LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR) by the loader. 2. There isn't enough room to contain the kernel, starting from the default load address (eg. something else occupied part the region). 3. In the memmap provided by EFI firmware, there is a memory region starts below LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR, and suitable for containing the kernel. EFI stub will perform a kernel relocation when condition 1 is met. But due to condition 2, EFI stub can't relocate kernel to the preferred address, so it fallback to ask EFI firmware to alloc lowest usable memory region, got the low region mentioned in condition 3, and relocated kernel there. It's incorrect to relocate the kernel below LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR. This is the lowest acceptable kernel relocation address. The first thing goes wrong is in arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S. Kernel decompression will force use LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR as the output address if kernel is located below it. Then the relocation before decompression, which move kernel to the end of the decompression buffer, will overwrite other memory region, as there is no enough memory there. To fix it, just don't let EFI stub relocate the kernel to any address lower than lowest acceptable address. [ ardb: introduce efi_low_alloc_above() to reduce the scope of the change ] Signed-off-by: Kairui Song <kasong@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Acked-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191029173755.27149-6-ardb@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c4
-rw-r--r--drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efi-stub-helper.c24
-rw-r--r--include/linux/efi.h18
4 files changed, 30 insertions, 18 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c
index d6662fdef300..82bc60c8acb2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <asm/e820/types.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
+#include <asm/boot.h>
#include "../string.h"
#include "eboot.h"
@@ -813,7 +814,8 @@ efi_main(struct efi_config *c, struct boot_params *boot_params)
status = efi_relocate_kernel(sys_table, &bzimage_addr,
hdr->init_size, hdr->init_size,
hdr->pref_address,
- hdr->kernel_alignment);
+ hdr->kernel_alignment,
+ LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
efi_printk(sys_table, "efi_relocate_kernel() failed!\n");
goto fail;
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
index ffa242ad0a82..41213bf5fcf5 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
@@ -230,7 +230,7 @@ efi_status_t handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
*image_size = image->image_size;
status = efi_relocate_kernel(sys_table, image_addr, *image_size,
*image_size,
- kernel_base + MAX_UNCOMP_KERNEL_SIZE, 0);
+ kernel_base + MAX_UNCOMP_KERNEL_SIZE, 0, 0);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to relocate kernel.\n");
efi_free(sys_table, *reserve_size, *reserve_addr);
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efi-stub-helper.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efi-stub-helper.c
index 3caae7f2cf56..35dbc2791c97 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efi-stub-helper.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efi-stub-helper.c
@@ -260,11 +260,11 @@ fail:
}
/*
- * Allocate at the lowest possible address.
+ * Allocate at the lowest possible address that is not below 'min'.
*/
-efi_status_t efi_low_alloc(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
- unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
- unsigned long *addr)
+efi_status_t efi_low_alloc_above(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
+ unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
+ unsigned long *addr, unsigned long min)
{
unsigned long map_size, desc_size, buff_size;
efi_memory_desc_t *map;
@@ -311,13 +311,8 @@ efi_status_t efi_low_alloc(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
start = desc->phys_addr;
end = start + desc->num_pages * EFI_PAGE_SIZE;
- /*
- * Don't allocate at 0x0. It will confuse code that
- * checks pointers against NULL. Skip the first 8
- * bytes so we start at a nice even number.
- */
- if (start == 0x0)
- start += 8;
+ if (start < min)
+ start = min;
start = round_up(start, align);
if ((start + size) > end)
@@ -698,7 +693,8 @@ efi_status_t efi_relocate_kernel(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
unsigned long image_size,
unsigned long alloc_size,
unsigned long preferred_addr,
- unsigned long alignment)
+ unsigned long alignment,
+ unsigned long min_addr)
{
unsigned long cur_image_addr;
unsigned long new_addr = 0;
@@ -731,8 +727,8 @@ efi_status_t efi_relocate_kernel(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
* possible.
*/
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
- status = efi_low_alloc(sys_table_arg, alloc_size, alignment,
- &new_addr);
+ status = efi_low_alloc_above(sys_table_arg, alloc_size,
+ alignment, &new_addr, min_addr);
}
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table_arg, "Failed to allocate usable memory for kernel.\n");
diff --git a/include/linux/efi.h b/include/linux/efi.h
index bd3837022307..d87acf62958e 100644
--- a/include/linux/efi.h
+++ b/include/linux/efi.h
@@ -1579,9 +1579,22 @@ char *efi_convert_cmdline(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
efi_status_t efi_get_memory_map(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
struct efi_boot_memmap *map);
+efi_status_t efi_low_alloc_above(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
+ unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
+ unsigned long *addr, unsigned long min);
+
+static inline
efi_status_t efi_low_alloc(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
- unsigned long *addr);
+ unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ /*
+ * Don't allocate at 0x0. It will confuse code that
+ * checks pointers against NULL. Skip the first 8
+ * bytes so we start at a nice even number.
+ */
+ return efi_low_alloc_above(sys_table_arg, size, align, addr, 0x8);
+}
efi_status_t efi_high_alloc(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
@@ -1592,7 +1605,8 @@ efi_status_t efi_relocate_kernel(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
unsigned long image_size,
unsigned long alloc_size,
unsigned long preferred_addr,
- unsigned long alignment);
+ unsigned long alignment,
+ unsigned long min_addr);
efi_status_t handle_cmdline_files(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
efi_loaded_image_t *image,