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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2014-09-26 00:16:57 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-09-26 15:05:14 -0400
commit99c55f7d47c0dc6fc64729f37bf435abf43f4c60 (patch)
tree12f09f26bee9813ae33cfc195582c41e94b2e4e9
parentnet: sched: use pinned timers (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-99c55f7d47c0dc6fc64729f37bf435abf43f4c60.tar.xz
linux-dev-99c55f7d47c0dc6fc64729f37bf435abf43f4c60.zip
bpf: introduce BPF syscall and maps
BPF syscall is a multiplexor for a range of different operations on eBPF. This patch introduces syscall with single command to create a map. Next patch adds commands to access maps. 'maps' is a generic storage of different types for sharing data between kernel and userspace. Userspace example: /* this syscall wrapper creates a map with given type and attributes * and returns map_fd on success. * use close(map_fd) to delete the map */ int bpf_create_map(enum bpf_map_type map_type, int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries) { union bpf_attr attr = { .map_type = map_type, .key_size = key_size, .value_size = value_size, .max_entries = max_entries }; return bpf(BPF_MAP_CREATE, &attr, sizeof(attr)); } 'union bpf_attr' is backwards compatible with future extensions. More details in Documentation/networking/filter.txt and in manpage Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/networking/filter.txt39
-rw-r--r--include/linux/bpf.h41
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/bpf.h23
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/syscall.c169
5 files changed, 273 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/filter.txt b/Documentation/networking/filter.txt
index 014e0319a5c4..4a01d71785e9 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/filter.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/filter.txt
@@ -1001,6 +1001,45 @@ instruction that loads 64-bit immediate value into a dst_reg.
Classic BPF has similar instruction: BPF_LD | BPF_W | BPF_IMM which loads
32-bit immediate value into a register.
+eBPF maps
+---------
+'maps' is a generic storage of different types for sharing data between kernel
+and userspace.
+
+The maps are accessed from user space via BPF syscall, which has commands:
+- create a map with given type and attributes
+ map_fd = bpf(BPF_MAP_CREATE, union bpf_attr *attr, u32 size)
+ using attr->map_type, attr->key_size, attr->value_size, attr->max_entries
+ returns process-local file descriptor or negative error
+
+- lookup key in a given map
+ err = bpf(BPF_MAP_LOOKUP_ELEM, union bpf_attr *attr, u32 size)
+ using attr->map_fd, attr->key, attr->value
+ returns zero and stores found elem into value or negative error
+
+- create or update key/value pair in a given map
+ err = bpf(BPF_MAP_UPDATE_ELEM, union bpf_attr *attr, u32 size)
+ using attr->map_fd, attr->key, attr->value
+ returns zero or negative error
+
+- find and delete element by key in a given map
+ err = bpf(BPF_MAP_DELETE_ELEM, union bpf_attr *attr, u32 size)
+ using attr->map_fd, attr->key
+
+- to delete map: close(fd)
+ Exiting process will delete maps automatically
+
+userspace programs use this syscall to create/access maps that eBPF programs
+are concurrently updating.
+
+maps can have different types: hash, array, bloom filter, radix-tree, etc.
+
+The map is defined by:
+ . type
+ . max number of elements
+ . key size in bytes
+ . value size in bytes
+
Testing
-------
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..48014a71f0fe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+#ifndef _LINUX_BPF_H
+#define _LINUX_BPF_H 1
+
+#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+
+struct bpf_map;
+
+/* map is generic key/value storage optionally accesible by eBPF programs */
+struct bpf_map_ops {
+ /* funcs callable from userspace (via syscall) */
+ struct bpf_map *(*map_alloc)(union bpf_attr *attr);
+ void (*map_free)(struct bpf_map *);
+};
+
+struct bpf_map {
+ atomic_t refcnt;
+ enum bpf_map_type map_type;
+ u32 key_size;
+ u32 value_size;
+ u32 max_entries;
+ struct bpf_map_ops *ops;
+ struct work_struct work;
+};
+
+struct bpf_map_type_list {
+ struct list_head list_node;
+ struct bpf_map_ops *ops;
+ enum bpf_map_type type;
+};
+
+void bpf_register_map_type(struct bpf_map_type_list *tl);
+void bpf_map_put(struct bpf_map *map);
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_BPF_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 479ed0b6be16..f58a10f9670c 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -62,4 +62,27 @@ struct bpf_insn {
__s32 imm; /* signed immediate constant */
};
+/* BPF syscall commands */
+enum bpf_cmd {
+ /* create a map with given type and attributes
+ * fd = bpf(BPF_MAP_CREATE, union bpf_attr *, u32 size)
+ * returns fd or negative error
+ * map is deleted when fd is closed
+ */
+ BPF_MAP_CREATE,
+};
+
+enum bpf_map_type {
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_UNSPEC,
+};
+
+union bpf_attr {
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_MAP_CREATE command */
+ __u32 map_type; /* one of enum bpf_map_type */
+ __u32 key_size; /* size of key in bytes */
+ __u32 value_size; /* size of value in bytes */
+ __u32 max_entries; /* max number of entries in a map */
+ };
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
#endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_BPF_H__ */
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/Makefile b/kernel/bpf/Makefile
index 6a71145e2769..e9f7334ed07a 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/bpf/Makefile
@@ -1 +1 @@
-obj-y := core.o
+obj-y := core.o syscall.o
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..428a0e23adc0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
@@ -0,0 +1,169 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
+
+static LIST_HEAD(bpf_map_types);
+
+static struct bpf_map *find_and_alloc_map(union bpf_attr *attr)
+{
+ struct bpf_map_type_list *tl;
+ struct bpf_map *map;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(tl, &bpf_map_types, list_node) {
+ if (tl->type == attr->map_type) {
+ map = tl->ops->map_alloc(attr);
+ if (IS_ERR(map))
+ return map;
+ map->ops = tl->ops;
+ map->map_type = attr->map_type;
+ return map;
+ }
+ }
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+}
+
+/* boot time registration of different map implementations */
+void bpf_register_map_type(struct bpf_map_type_list *tl)
+{
+ list_add(&tl->list_node, &bpf_map_types);
+}
+
+/* called from workqueue */
+static void bpf_map_free_deferred(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct bpf_map *map = container_of(work, struct bpf_map, work);
+
+ /* implementation dependent freeing */
+ map->ops->map_free(map);
+}
+
+/* decrement map refcnt and schedule it for freeing via workqueue
+ * (unrelying map implementation ops->map_free() might sleep)
+ */
+void bpf_map_put(struct bpf_map *map)
+{
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&map->refcnt)) {
+ INIT_WORK(&map->work, bpf_map_free_deferred);
+ schedule_work(&map->work);
+ }
+}
+
+static int bpf_map_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ struct bpf_map *map = filp->private_data;
+
+ bpf_map_put(map);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations bpf_map_fops = {
+ .release = bpf_map_release,
+};
+
+/* helper macro to check that unused fields 'union bpf_attr' are zero */
+#define CHECK_ATTR(CMD) \
+ memchr_inv((void *) &attr->CMD##_LAST_FIELD + \
+ sizeof(attr->CMD##_LAST_FIELD), 0, \
+ sizeof(*attr) - \
+ offsetof(union bpf_attr, CMD##_LAST_FIELD) - \
+ sizeof(attr->CMD##_LAST_FIELD)) != NULL
+
+#define BPF_MAP_CREATE_LAST_FIELD max_entries
+/* called via syscall */
+static int map_create(union bpf_attr *attr)
+{
+ struct bpf_map *map;
+ int err;
+
+ err = CHECK_ATTR(BPF_MAP_CREATE);
+ if (err)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* find map type and init map: hashtable vs rbtree vs bloom vs ... */
+ map = find_and_alloc_map(attr);
+ if (IS_ERR(map))
+ return PTR_ERR(map);
+
+ atomic_set(&map->refcnt, 1);
+
+ err = anon_inode_getfd("bpf-map", &bpf_map_fops, map, O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ /* failed to allocate fd */
+ goto free_map;
+
+ return err;
+
+free_map:
+ map->ops->map_free(map);
+ return err;
+}
+
+SYSCALL_DEFINE3(bpf, int, cmd, union bpf_attr __user *, uattr, unsigned int, size)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr = {};
+ int err;
+
+ /* the syscall is limited to root temporarily. This restriction will be
+ * lifted when security audit is clean. Note that eBPF+tracing must have
+ * this restriction, since it may pass kernel data to user space
+ */
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, uattr, 1))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (size > PAGE_SIZE) /* silly large */
+ return -E2BIG;
+
+ /* If we're handed a bigger struct than we know of,
+ * ensure all the unknown bits are 0 - i.e. new
+ * user-space does not rely on any kernel feature
+ * extensions we dont know about yet.
+ */
+ if (size > sizeof(attr)) {
+ unsigned char __user *addr;
+ unsigned char __user *end;
+ unsigned char val;
+
+ addr = (void __user *)uattr + sizeof(attr);
+ end = (void __user *)uattr + size;
+
+ for (; addr < end; addr++) {
+ err = get_user(val, addr);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ if (val)
+ return -E2BIG;
+ }
+ size = sizeof(attr);
+ }
+
+ /* copy attributes from user space, may be less than sizeof(bpf_attr) */
+ if (copy_from_user(&attr, uattr, size) != 0)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case BPF_MAP_CREATE:
+ err = map_create(&attr);
+ break;
+ default:
+ err = -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return err;
+}