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authorBaoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>2020-12-29 15:14:37 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2020-12-29 15:36:49 -0800
commitdc2da7b45ffe954a0090f5d0310ed7b0b37d2bd2 (patch)
tree9e7bc0f8354a80262521856e5757f2c8445c203e
parentmm: add prototype for __add_to_page_cache_locked() (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-dc2da7b45ffe954a0090f5d0310ed7b0b37d2bd2.tar.xz
linux-dev-dc2da7b45ffe954a0090f5d0310ed7b0b37d2bd2.zip
mm: memmap defer init doesn't work as expected
VMware observed a performance regression during memmap init on their platform, and bisected to commit 73a6e474cb376 ("mm: memmap_init: iterate over memblock regions rather that check each PFN") causing it. Before the commit: [0.033176] Normal zone: 1445888 pages used for memmap [0.033176] Normal zone: 89391104 pages, LIFO batch:63 [0.035851] ACPI: PM-Timer IO Port: 0x448 With commit [0.026874] Normal zone: 1445888 pages used for memmap [0.026875] Normal zone: 89391104 pages, LIFO batch:63 [2.028450] ACPI: PM-Timer IO Port: 0x448 The root cause is the current memmap defer init doesn't work as expected. Before, memmap_init_zone() was used to do memmap init of one whole zone, to initialize all low zones of one numa node, but defer memmap init of the last zone in that numa node. However, since commit 73a6e474cb376, function memmap_init() is adapted to iterater over memblock regions inside one zone, then call memmap_init_zone() to do memmap init for each region. E.g, on VMware's system, the memory layout is as below, there are two memory regions in node 2. The current code will mistakenly initialize the whole 1st region [mem 0xab00000000-0xfcffffffff], then do memmap defer to iniatialize only one memmory section on the 2nd region [mem 0x10000000000-0x1033fffffff]. In fact, we only expect to see that there's only one memory section's memmap initialized. That's why more time is costed at the time. [ 0.008842] ACPI: SRAT: Node 0 PXM 0 [mem 0x00000000-0x0009ffff] [ 0.008842] ACPI: SRAT: Node 0 PXM 0 [mem 0x00100000-0xbfffffff] [ 0.008843] ACPI: SRAT: Node 0 PXM 0 [mem 0x100000000-0x55ffffffff] [ 0.008844] ACPI: SRAT: Node 1 PXM 1 [mem 0x5600000000-0xaaffffffff] [ 0.008844] ACPI: SRAT: Node 2 PXM 2 [mem 0xab00000000-0xfcffffffff] [ 0.008845] ACPI: SRAT: Node 2 PXM 2 [mem 0x10000000000-0x1033fffffff] Now, let's add a parameter 'zone_end_pfn' to memmap_init_zone() to pass down the real zone end pfn so that defer_init() can use it to judge whether defer need be taken in zone wide. Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201223080811.16211-1-bhe@redhat.com Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201223080811.16211-2-bhe@redhat.com Fixes: commit 73a6e474cb376 ("mm: memmap_init: iterate over memblock regions rather that check each PFN") Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Reported-by: Rahul Gopakumar <gopakumarr@vmware.com> Reviewed-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/ia64/mm/init.c4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm.h5
-rw-r--r--mm/memory_hotplug.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/page_alloc.c8
4 files changed, 11 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/arch/ia64/mm/init.c b/arch/ia64/mm/init.c
index 9b5acf8fb092..e76386a3479e 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/ia64/mm/init.c
@@ -536,7 +536,7 @@ virtual_memmap_init(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg)
if (map_start < map_end)
memmap_init_zone((unsigned long)(map_end - map_start),
- args->nid, args->zone, page_to_pfn(map_start),
+ args->nid, args->zone, page_to_pfn(map_start), page_to_pfn(map_end),
MEMINIT_EARLY, NULL, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
return 0;
}
@@ -546,7 +546,7 @@ memmap_init (unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
unsigned long start_pfn)
{
if (!vmem_map) {
- memmap_init_zone(size, nid, zone, start_pfn,
+ memmap_init_zone(size, nid, zone, start_pfn, start_pfn + size,
MEMINIT_EARLY, NULL, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
} else {
struct page *start;
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index c1e908184442..ecdf8a8cd6ae 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -2439,8 +2439,9 @@ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn);
#endif
extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve);
-extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long,
- enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype);
+extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long,
+ unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context,
+ struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype);
extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void);
extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void);
extern void mem_init(void);
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index af41fb990820..f9d57b9be8c7 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -713,7 +713,7 @@ void __ref move_pfn_range_to_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
* expects the zone spans the pfn range. All the pages in the range
* are reserved so nobody should be touching them so we should be safe
*/
- memmap_init_zone(nr_pages, nid, zone_idx(zone), start_pfn,
+ memmap_init_zone(nr_pages, nid, zone_idx(zone), start_pfn, 0,
MEMINIT_HOTPLUG, altmap, migratetype);
set_zone_contiguous(zone);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 7a2c89b21115..bdbec4c98173 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -423,6 +423,8 @@ defer_init(int nid, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
if (end_pfn < pgdat_end_pfn(NODE_DATA(nid)))
return false;
+ if (NODE_DATA(nid)->first_deferred_pfn != ULONG_MAX)
+ return true;
/*
* We start only with one section of pages, more pages are added as
* needed until the rest of deferred pages are initialized.
@@ -6116,7 +6118,7 @@ overlap_memmap_init(unsigned long zone, unsigned long *pfn)
* zone stats (e.g., nr_isolate_pageblock) are touched.
*/
void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
- unsigned long start_pfn,
+ unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long zone_end_pfn,
enum meminit_context context,
struct vmem_altmap *altmap, int migratetype)
{
@@ -6152,7 +6154,7 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
if (context == MEMINIT_EARLY) {
if (overlap_memmap_init(zone, &pfn))
continue;
- if (defer_init(nid, pfn, end_pfn))
+ if (defer_init(nid, pfn, zone_end_pfn))
break;
}
@@ -6266,7 +6268,7 @@ void __meminit __weak memmap_init(unsigned long size, int nid,
if (end_pfn > start_pfn) {
size = end_pfn - start_pfn;
- memmap_init_zone(size, nid, zone, start_pfn,
+ memmap_init_zone(size, nid, zone, start_pfn, range_end_pfn,
MEMINIT_EARLY, NULL, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
}
}