diff options
authorFrederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>2013-09-24 00:50:25 +0200
committerFrederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>2013-10-01 12:39:08 +0200
commitded797547548a5b8e7b92383a41e4c0e6b0ecb7f (patch)
parentLinux 3.12-rc3 (diff)
irq: Force hardirq exit's softirq processing on its own stack
The commit facd8b80c67a3cf64a467c4a2ac5fb31f2e6745b ("irq: Sanitize invoke_softirq") converted irq exit calls of do_softirq() to __do_softirq() on all architectures, assuming it was only used there for its irq disablement properties. But as a side effect, the softirqs processed in the end of the hardirq are always called on the inline current stack that is used by irq_exit() instead of the softirq stack provided by the archs that override do_softirq(). The result is mostly safe if the architecture runs irq_exit() on a separate irq stack because then softirqs are processed on that same stack that is near empty at this stage (assuming hardirq aren't nesting). Otherwise irq_exit() runs in the task stack and so does the softirq too. The interrupted call stack can be randomly deep already and the softirq can dig through it even further. To add insult to the injury, this softirq can be interrupted by a new hardirq, maximizing the chances for a stack overrun as reported in powerpc for example: do_IRQ: stack overflow: 1920 CPU: 0 PID: 1602 Comm: qemu-system-ppc Not tainted 3.10.4-300.1.fc19.ppc64p7 #1 Call Trace: [c0000000050a8740] .show_stack+0x130/0x200 (unreliable) [c0000000050a8810] .dump_stack+0x28/0x3c [c0000000050a8880] .do_IRQ+0x2b8/0x2c0 [c0000000050a8930] hardware_interrupt_common+0x154/0x180 --- Exception: 501 at .cp_start_xmit+0x3a4/0x820 [8139cp] LR = .cp_start_xmit+0x390/0x820 [8139cp] [c0000000050a8d40] .dev_hard_start_xmit+0x394/0x640 [c0000000050a8e00] .sch_direct_xmit+0x110/0x260 [c0000000050a8ea0] .dev_queue_xmit+0x260/0x630 [c0000000050a8f40] .br_dev_queue_push_xmit+0xc4/0x130 [bridge] [c0000000050a8fc0] .br_dev_xmit+0x198/0x270 [bridge] [c0000000050a9070] .dev_hard_start_xmit+0x394/0x640 [c0000000050a9130] .dev_queue_xmit+0x428/0x630 [c0000000050a91d0] .ip_finish_output+0x2a4/0x550 [c0000000050a9290] .ip_local_out+0x50/0x70 [c0000000050a9310] .ip_queue_xmit+0x148/0x420 [c0000000050a93b0] .tcp_transmit_skb+0x4e4/0xaf0 [c0000000050a94a0] .__tcp_ack_snd_check+0x7c/0xf0 [c0000000050a9520] .tcp_rcv_established+0x1e8/0x930 [c0000000050a95f0] .tcp_v4_do_rcv+0x21c/0x570 [c0000000050a96c0] .tcp_v4_rcv+0x734/0x930 [c0000000050a97a0] .ip_local_deliver_finish+0x184/0x360 [c0000000050a9840] .ip_rcv_finish+0x148/0x400 [c0000000050a98d0] .__netif_receive_skb_core+0x4f8/0xb00 [c0000000050a99d0] .netif_receive_skb+0x44/0x110 [c0000000050a9a70] .br_handle_frame_finish+0x2bc/0x3f0 [bridge] [c0000000050a9b20] .br_nf_pre_routing_finish+0x2ac/0x420 [bridge] [c0000000050a9bd0] .br_nf_pre_routing+0x4dc/0x7d0 [bridge] [c0000000050a9c70] .nf_iterate+0x114/0x130 [c0000000050a9d30] .nf_hook_slow+0xb4/0x1e0 [c0000000050a9e00] .br_handle_frame+0x290/0x330 [bridge] [c0000000050a9ea0] .__netif_receive_skb_core+0x34c/0xb00 [c0000000050a9fa0] .netif_receive_skb+0x44/0x110 [c0000000050aa040] .napi_gro_receive+0xe8/0x120 [c0000000050aa0c0] .cp_rx_poll+0x31c/0x590 [8139cp] [c0000000050aa1d0] .net_rx_action+0x1dc/0x310 [c0000000050aa2b0] .__do_softirq+0x158/0x330 [c0000000050aa3b0] .irq_exit+0xc8/0x110 [c0000000050aa430] .do_IRQ+0xdc/0x2c0 [c0000000050aa4e0] hardware_interrupt_common+0x154/0x180 --- Exception: 501 at .bad_range+0x1c/0x110 LR = .get_page_from_freelist+0x908/0xbb0 [c0000000050aa7d0] .list_del+0x18/0x50 (unreliable) [c0000000050aa850] .get_page_from_freelist+0x908/0xbb0 [c0000000050aa9e0] .__alloc_pages_nodemask+0x21c/0xae0 [c0000000050aaba0] .alloc_pages_vma+0xd0/0x210 [c0000000050aac60] .handle_pte_fault+0x814/0xb70 [c0000000050aad50] .__get_user_pages+0x1a4/0x640 [c0000000050aae60] .get_user_pages_fast+0xec/0x160 [c0000000050aaf10] .__gfn_to_pfn_memslot+0x3b0/0x430 [kvm] [c0000000050aafd0] .kvmppc_gfn_to_pfn+0x64/0x130 [kvm] [c0000000050ab070] .kvmppc_mmu_map_page+0x94/0x530 [kvm] [c0000000050ab190] .kvmppc_handle_pagefault+0x174/0x610 [kvm] [c0000000050ab270] .kvmppc_handle_exit_pr+0x464/0x9b0 [kvm] [c0000000050ab320] kvm_start_lightweight+0x1ec/0x1fc [kvm] [c0000000050ab4f0] .kvmppc_vcpu_run_pr+0x168/0x3b0 [kvm] [c0000000050ab9c0] .kvmppc_vcpu_run+0xc8/0xf0 [kvm] [c0000000050aba50] .kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run+0x5c/0x1a0 [kvm] [c0000000050abae0] .kvm_vcpu_ioctl+0x478/0x730 [kvm] [c0000000050abc90] .do_vfs_ioctl+0x4ec/0x7c0 [c0000000050abd80] .SyS_ioctl+0xd4/0xf0 [c0000000050abe30] syscall_exit+0x0/0x98 Since this is a regression, this patch proposes a minimalistic and low-risk solution by blindly forcing the hardirq exit processing of softirqs on the softirq stack. This way we should reduce significantly the opportunities for task stack overflow dug by softirqs. Longer term solutions may involve extending the hardirq stack coverage to irq_exit(), etc... Reported-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: #3.9.. <stable@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@au1.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@au1.ibm.com> Cc: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> Cc: James E.J. Bottomley <jejb@parisc-linux.org> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
1 files changed, 12 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/softirq.c b/kernel/softirq.c
index 53cc09ceb0b8..d7d498d8cc4f 100644
--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -328,10 +328,19 @@ void irq_enter(void)
static inline void invoke_softirq(void)
- if (!force_irqthreads)
- __do_softirq();
- else
+ if (!force_irqthreads) {
+ /*
+ * We can safely execute softirq on the current stack if
+ * it is the irq stack, because it should be near empty
+ * at this stage. But we have no way to know if the arch
+ * calls irq_exit() on the irq stack. So call softirq
+ * in its own stack to prevent from any overrun on top
+ * of a potentially deep task stack.
+ */
+ do_softirq();
+ } else {
+ }
static inline void tick_irq_exit(void)