path: root/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
diff options
authorNick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>2009-04-30 15:08:16 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2009-05-02 15:36:09 -0700
commitb827e496c893de0c0f142abfaeb8730a2fd6b37f (patch)
treea86aecd5d811f9306b9662ceb5a5a45091b62b97 /Documentation/filesystems/Locking
parentatomic: fix atomic_long_cmpxchg/xchg for 64 bit architectures (diff)
mm: close page_mkwrite races
Change page_mkwrite to allow implementations to return with the page locked, and also change it's callers (in page fault paths) to hold the lock until the page is marked dirty. This allows the filesystem to have full control of page dirtying events coming from the VM. Rather than simply hold the page locked over the page_mkwrite call, we call page_mkwrite with the page unlocked and allow callers to return with it locked, so filesystems can avoid LOR conditions with page lock. The problem with the current scheme is this: a filesystem that wants to associate some metadata with a page as long as the page is dirty, will perform this manipulation in its ->page_mkwrite. It currently then must return with the page unlocked and may not hold any other locks (according to existing page_mkwrite convention). In this window, the VM could write out the page, clearing page-dirty. The filesystem has no good way to detect that a dirty pte is about to be attached, so it will happily write out the page, at which point, the filesystem may manipulate the metadata to reflect that the page is no longer dirty. It is not always possible to perform the required metadata manipulation in ->set_page_dirty, because that function cannot block or fail. The filesystem may need to allocate some data structure, for example. And the VM cannot mark the pte dirty before page_mkwrite, because page_mkwrite is allowed to fail, so we must not allow any window where the page could be written to if page_mkwrite does fail. This solution of holding the page locked over the 3 critical operations (page_mkwrite, setting the pte dirty, and finally setting the page dirty) closes out races nicely, preventing page cleaning for writeout being initiated in that window. This provides the filesystem with a strong synchronisation against the VM here. - Sage needs this race closed for ceph filesystem. - Trond for NFS (http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12913). - I need it for fsblock. - I suspect other filesystems may need it too (eg. btrfs). - I have converted buffer.c to the new locking. Even simple block allocation under dirty pages might be susceptible to i_size changing under partial page at the end of file (we also have a buffer.c-side problem here, but it cannot be fixed properly without this patch). - Other filesystems (eg. NFS, maybe btrfs) will need to change their page_mkwrite functions themselves. [ This also moves page_mkwrite another step closer to fault, which should eventually allow page_mkwrite to be moved into ->fault, and thus avoiding a filesystem calldown and page lock/unlock cycle in __do_fault. ] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix derefs of NULL ->mapping] Cc: Sage Weil <sage@newdream.net> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Valdis Kletnieks <Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/filesystems/Locking')
1 files changed, 16 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
index 76efe5b71d7d..3120f8dd2c31 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
@@ -512,16 +512,24 @@ locking rules:
BKL mmap_sem PageLocked(page)
open: no yes
close: no yes
-fault: no yes
-page_mkwrite: no yes no
+fault: no yes can return with page locked
+page_mkwrite: no yes can return with page locked
access: no yes
- ->page_mkwrite() is called when a previously read-only page is
-about to become writeable. The file system is responsible for
-protecting against truncate races. Once appropriate action has been
-taking to lock out truncate, the page range should be verified to be
-within i_size. The page mapping should also be checked that it is not
+ ->fault() is called when a previously not present pte is about
+to be faulted in. The filesystem must find and return the page associated
+with the passed in "pgoff" in the vm_fault structure. If it is possible that
+the page may be truncated and/or invalidated, then the filesystem must lock
+the page, then ensure it is not already truncated (the page lock will block
+subsequent truncate), and then return with VM_FAULT_LOCKED, and the page
+locked. The VM will unlock the page.
+ ->page_mkwrite() is called when a previously read-only pte is
+about to become writeable. The filesystem again must ensure that there are
+no truncate/invalidate races, and then return with the page locked. If
+the page has been truncated, the filesystem should not look up a new page
+like the ->fault() handler, but simply return with VM_FAULT_NOPAGE, which
+will cause the VM to retry the fault.
->access() is called when get_user_pages() fails in
acces_process_vm(), typically used to debug a process through