|author||Wang YanQing <email@example.com>||2018-05-10 11:09:21 +0800|
|committer||Daniel Borkmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>||2018-05-11 00:07:14 +0200|
|parent||selftests/bpf: ignore build products (diff)|
bpf, doc: clarification for the meaning of 'id'
For me, as a reader whose mother language isn't English, the old words bring a little difficulty to catch the meaning, this patch rewords the subsection in a more clarificatory way. This patch also add blank lines as separator at two places to improve readability. Signed-off-by: Wang YanQing <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/networking/filter.txt')
1 files changed, 9 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/filter.txt b/Documentation/networking/filter.txt
index 5032e1263bc9..e6b4ebb2b243 100644
@@ -1142,6 +1142,7 @@ into a register from memory, the register's top 56 bits are known zero, while
the low 8 are unknown - which is represented as the tnum (0x0; 0xff). If we
then OR this with 0x40, we get (0x40; 0xbf), then if we add 1 we get (0x0;
0x1ff), because of potential carries.
Besides arithmetic, the register state can also be updated by conditional
branches. For instance, if a SCALAR_VALUE is compared > 8, in the 'true' branch
it will have a umin_value (unsigned minimum value) of 9, whereas in the 'false'
@@ -1150,14 +1151,16 @@ BPF_JSGE) would instead update the signed minimum/maximum values. Information
from the signed and unsigned bounds can be combined; for instance if a value is
first tested < 8 and then tested s> 4, the verifier will conclude that the value
is also > 4 and s< 8, since the bounds prevent crossing the sign boundary.
PTR_TO_PACKETs with a variable offset part have an 'id', which is common to all
pointers sharing that same variable offset. This is important for packet range
-checks: after adding some variable to a packet pointer, if you then copy it to
-another register and (say) add a constant 4, both registers will share the same
-'id' but one will have a fixed offset of +4. Then if it is bounds-checked and
-found to be less than a PTR_TO_PACKET_END, the other register is now known to
-have a safe range of at least 4 bytes. See 'Direct packet access', below, for
-more on PTR_TO_PACKET ranges.
+checks: after adding a variable to a packet pointer register A, if you then copy
+it to another register B and then add a constant 4 to A, both registers will
+share the same 'id' but the A will have a fixed offset of +4. Then if A is
+bounds-checked and found to be less than a PTR_TO_PACKET_END, the register B is
+now known to have a safe range of at least 4 bytes. See 'Direct packet access',
+below, for more on PTR_TO_PACKET ranges.
The 'id' field is also used on PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE_OR_NULL, common to all copies of
the pointer returned from a map lookup. This means that when one copy is
checked and found to be non-NULL, all copies can become PTR_TO_MAP_VALUEs.