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authorAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>2006-12-10 02:19:19 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.osdl.org>2006-12-10 09:55:41 -0800
commit7c3ab7381e79dfc7db14a67c6f4f3285664e1ec2 (patch)
treede5d63d17e400eb06b26c88adfd2ef2cf290898e /init
parent[PATCH] pdc202xx_new: fix PLL/timing issues (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-7c3ab7381e79dfc7db14a67c6f4f3285664e1ec2.tar.xz
linux-dev-7c3ab7381e79dfc7db14a67c6f4f3285664e1ec2.zip
[PATCH] io-accounting: core statistics
The present per-task IO accounting isn't very useful. It simply counts the number of bytes passed into read() and write(). So if a process reads 1MB from an already-cached file, it is accused of having performed 1MB of I/O, which is wrong. (David Wright had some comments on the applicability of the present logical IO accounting: For billing purposes it is useless but for workload analysis it is very useful read_bytes/read_calls average read request size write_bytes/write_calls average write request size read_bytes/read_blocks ie logical/physical can indicate hit rate or thrashing write_bytes/write_blocks ie logical/physical guess since pdflush writes can be missed I often look for logical larger than physical to see filesystem cache problems. And the bytes/cpusec can help find applications that are dominating the cache and causing slow interactive response from page cache contention. I want to find the IO intensive applications and make sure they are doing efficient IO. Thus the acctcms(sysV) or csacms command would give the high IO commands). This patchset adds new accounting which tries to be more accurate. We account for three things: reads: attempt to count the number of bytes which this process really did cause to be fetched from the storage layer. Done at the submit_bio() level, so it is accurate for block-backed filesystems. I also attempt to wire up NFS and CIFS. writes: attempt to count the number of bytes which this process caused to be sent to the storage layer. This is done at page-dirtying time. The big inaccuracy here is truncate. If a process writes 1MB to a file and then deletes the file, it will in fact perform no writeout. But it will have been accounted as having caused 1MB of write. So... cancelled_writes: account the number of bytes which this process caused to not happen, by truncating pagecache. We _could_ just subtract this from the process's `write' accounting. But that means that some processes would be reported to have done negative amounts of write IO, which is silly. So we just report the raw number and punt this decision up to userspace. Now, we _could_ account for writes at the physical I/O level. But - This would require that we track memory-dirtying tasks at the per-page level (would require a new pointer in struct page). - It would mean that IO statistics for a process are usually only available long after that process has exitted. Which means that we probably cannot communicate this info via taskstats. This patch: Wire up the kernel-private data structures and the accessor functions to manipulate them. Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@sgi.com> Cc: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Chris Sturtivant <csturtiv@sgi.com> Cc: Tony Ernst <tee@sgi.com> Cc: Guillaume Thouvenin <guillaume.thouvenin@bull.net> Cc: David Wright <daw@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'init')
-rw-r--r--init/Kconfig9
1 files changed, 9 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 14d484606fab..9edf103b3ec3 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -304,6 +304,15 @@ config TASK_XACCT
Say N if unsure.
+config TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
+ bool "Enable per-task storage I/O accounting (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+ depends on TASK_XACCT
+ help
+ Collect information on the number of bytes of storage I/O which this
+ task has caused.
+
+ Say N if unsure.
+
config SYSCTL
bool