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authorDavidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net>2015-06-30 14:58:39 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-06-30 19:44:58 -0700
commitff35e5ef86fea1fa84eb7fdc939d0b1e3f1222bf (patch)
treedcbd89deb61c178925663ce5ad0457f232715a23 /ipc/msg.c
parentipc,shm: move BUG_ON check into shm_lock (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-ff35e5ef86fea1fa84eb7fdc939d0b1e3f1222bf.tar.xz
linux-dev-ff35e5ef86fea1fa84eb7fdc939d0b1e3f1222bf.zip
ipc,msg: provide barrier pairings for lockless receive
We currently use a full barrier on the sender side to to avoid receiver tasks disappearing on us while still performing on the sender side wakeup. We lack however, the proper CPU-CPU interactions pairing on the receiver side which busy-waits for the message. Similarly, we do not need a full smp_mb, and can relax the semantics for the writer and reader sides of the message. This is safe as we are only ordering loads and stores to r_msg. And in both smp_wmb and smp_rmb, there are no stores after the calls _anyway_. This obviously applies for pipelined_send and expunge_all, for EIRDM when destroying a queue. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'ipc/msg.c')
-rw-r--r--ipc/msg.c48
1 files changed, 38 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/ipc/msg.c b/ipc/msg.c
index 2b6fdbb9e0e9..a9c3c519490a 100644
--- a/ipc/msg.c
+++ b/ipc/msg.c
@@ -196,7 +196,7 @@ static void expunge_all(struct msg_queue *msq, int res)
* or dealing with -EAGAIN cases. See lockless receive part 1
* and 2 in do_msgrcv().
*/
- smp_mb();
+ smp_wmb(); /* barrier (B) */
msr->r_msg = ERR_PTR(res);
}
}
@@ -580,7 +580,8 @@ static inline int pipelined_send(struct msg_queue *msq, struct msg_msg *msg)
/* initialize pipelined send ordering */
msr->r_msg = NULL;
wake_up_process(msr->r_tsk);
- smp_mb(); /* see barrier comment below */
+ /* barrier (B) see barrier comment below */
+ smp_wmb();
msr->r_msg = ERR_PTR(-E2BIG);
} else {
msr->r_msg = NULL;
@@ -589,11 +590,12 @@ static inline int pipelined_send(struct msg_queue *msq, struct msg_msg *msg)
wake_up_process(msr->r_tsk);
/*
* Ensure that the wakeup is visible before
- * setting r_msg, as the receiving end depends
- * on it. See lockless receive part 1 and 2 in
- * do_msgrcv().
+ * setting r_msg, as the receiving can otherwise
+ * exit - once r_msg is set, the receiver can
+ * continue. See lockless receive part 1 and 2
+ * in do_msgrcv(). Barrier (B).
*/
- smp_mb();
+ smp_wmb();
msr->r_msg = msg;
return 1;
@@ -932,12 +934,38 @@ long do_msgrcv(int msqid, void __user *buf, size_t bufsz, long msgtyp, int msgfl
/* Lockless receive, part 2:
* Wait until pipelined_send or expunge_all are outside of
* wake_up_process(). There is a race with exit(), see
- * ipc/mqueue.c for the details.
+ * ipc/mqueue.c for the details. The correct serialization
+ * ensures that a receiver cannot continue without the wakeup
+ * being visibible _before_ setting r_msg:
+ *
+ * CPU 0 CPU 1
+ * <loop receiver>
+ * smp_rmb(); (A) <-- pair -. <waker thread>
+ * <load ->r_msg> | msr->r_msg = NULL;
+ * | wake_up_process();
+ * <continue> `------> smp_wmb(); (B)
+ * msr->r_msg = msg;
+ *
+ * Where (A) orders the message value read and where (B) orders
+ * the write to the r_msg -- done in both pipelined_send and
+ * expunge_all.
*/
- msg = (struct msg_msg *)msr_d.r_msg;
- while (msg == NULL) {
- cpu_relax();
+ for (;;) {
+ /*
+ * Pairs with writer barrier in pipelined_send
+ * or expunge_all.
+ */
+ smp_rmb(); /* barrier (A) */
msg = (struct msg_msg *)msr_d.r_msg;
+ if (msg)
+ break;
+
+ /*
+ * The cpu_relax() call is a compiler barrier
+ * which forces everything in this loop to be
+ * re-loaded.
+ */
+ cpu_relax();
}
/* Lockless receive, part 3: