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authorPeter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>2008-01-25 21:08:29 +0100
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2008-01-25 21:08:29 +0100
commit8f4d37ec073c17e2d4aa8851df5837d798606d6f (patch)
treea9ac9063eca53e4d0110e8086f55241ea70ba993 /kernel
parentsched: do not do cond_resched() when CONFIG_PREEMPT (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-8f4d37ec073c17e2d4aa8851df5837d798606d6f.tar.xz
linux-dev-8f4d37ec073c17e2d4aa8851df5837d798606d6f.zip
sched: high-res preemption tick
Use HR-timers (when available) to deliver an accurate preemption tick. The regular scheduler tick that runs at 1/HZ can be too coarse when nice level are used. The fairness system will still keep the cpu utilisation 'fair' by then delaying the task that got an excessive amount of CPU time but try to minimize this by delivering preemption points spot-on. The average frequency of this extra interrupt is sched_latency / nr_latency. Which need not be higher than 1/HZ, its just that the distribution within the sched_latency period is important. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/Kconfig.hz2
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched.c210
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched_fair.c69
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched_idletask.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched_rt.c2
5 files changed, 268 insertions, 17 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/Kconfig.hz b/kernel/Kconfig.hz
index 4af15802ccd4..526128a2e622 100644
--- a/kernel/Kconfig.hz
+++ b/kernel/Kconfig.hz
@@ -54,3 +54,5 @@ config HZ
default 300 if HZ_300
default 1000 if HZ_1000
+config SCHED_HRTICK
+ def_bool HIGH_RES_TIMERS && X86
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 6ee37602a6d8..17f93d3eda91 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -65,6 +65,7 @@
#include <linux/reciprocal_div.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/irq_regs.h>
@@ -451,6 +452,12 @@ struct rq {
struct list_head migration_queue;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
+ unsigned long hrtick_flags;
+ ktime_t hrtick_expire;
+ struct hrtimer hrtick_timer;
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
/* latency stats */
struct sched_info rq_sched_info;
@@ -572,6 +579,8 @@ enum {
SCHED_FEAT_START_DEBIT = 4,
SCHED_FEAT_TREE_AVG = 8,
SCHED_FEAT_APPROX_AVG = 16,
+ SCHED_FEAT_HRTICK = 32,
+ SCHED_FEAT_DOUBLE_TICK = 64,
};
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_features =
@@ -579,7 +588,9 @@ const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_features =
SCHED_FEAT_WAKEUP_PREEMPT * 1 |
SCHED_FEAT_START_DEBIT * 1 |
SCHED_FEAT_TREE_AVG * 0 |
- SCHED_FEAT_APPROX_AVG * 0;
+ SCHED_FEAT_APPROX_AVG * 0 |
+ SCHED_FEAT_HRTICK * 1 |
+ SCHED_FEAT_DOUBLE_TICK * 0;
#define sched_feat(x) (sysctl_sched_features & SCHED_FEAT_##x)
@@ -796,6 +807,173 @@ void sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(u64 delta_ns)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event);
+static void __resched_task(struct task_struct *p, int tif_bit);
+
+static inline void resched_task(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ __resched_task(p, TIF_NEED_RESCHED);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
+/*
+ * Use HR-timers to deliver accurate preemption points.
+ *
+ * Its all a bit involved since we cannot program an hrt while holding the
+ * rq->lock. So what we do is store a state in in rq->hrtick_* and ask for a
+ * reschedule event.
+ *
+ * When we get rescheduled we reprogram the hrtick_timer outside of the
+ * rq->lock.
+ */
+static inline void resched_hrt(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ __resched_task(p, TIF_HRTICK_RESCHED);
+}
+
+static inline void resched_rq(struct rq *rq)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
+ resched_task(rq->curr);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+}
+
+enum {
+ HRTICK_SET, /* re-programm hrtick_timer */
+ HRTICK_RESET, /* not a new slice */
+};
+
+/*
+ * Use hrtick when:
+ * - enabled by features
+ * - hrtimer is actually high res
+ */
+static inline int hrtick_enabled(struct rq *rq)
+{
+ if (!sched_feat(HRTICK))
+ return 0;
+ return hrtimer_is_hres_active(&rq->hrtick_timer);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called to set the hrtick timer state.
+ *
+ * called with rq->lock held and irqs disabled
+ */
+static void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay, int reset)
+{
+ assert_spin_locked(&rq->lock);
+
+ /*
+ * preempt at: now + delay
+ */
+ rq->hrtick_expire =
+ ktime_add_ns(rq->hrtick_timer.base->get_time(), delay);
+ /*
+ * indicate we need to program the timer
+ */
+ __set_bit(HRTICK_SET, &rq->hrtick_flags);
+ if (reset)
+ __set_bit(HRTICK_RESET, &rq->hrtick_flags);
+
+ /*
+ * New slices are called from the schedule path and don't need a
+ * forced reschedule.
+ */
+ if (reset)
+ resched_hrt(rq->curr);
+}
+
+static void hrtick_clear(struct rq *rq)
+{
+ if (hrtimer_active(&rq->hrtick_timer))
+ hrtimer_cancel(&rq->hrtick_timer);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Update the timer from the possible pending state.
+ */
+static void hrtick_set(struct rq *rq)
+{
+ ktime_t time;
+ int set, reset;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_of(rq) != smp_processor_id());
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
+ set = __test_and_clear_bit(HRTICK_SET, &rq->hrtick_flags);
+ reset = __test_and_clear_bit(HRTICK_RESET, &rq->hrtick_flags);
+ time = rq->hrtick_expire;
+ clear_thread_flag(TIF_HRTICK_RESCHED);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+
+ if (set) {
+ hrtimer_start(&rq->hrtick_timer, time, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+ if (reset && !hrtimer_active(&rq->hrtick_timer))
+ resched_rq(rq);
+ } else
+ hrtick_clear(rq);
+}
+
+/*
+ * High-resolution timer tick.
+ * Runs from hardirq context with interrupts disabled.
+ */
+static enum hrtimer_restart hrtick(struct hrtimer *timer)
+{
+ struct rq *rq = container_of(timer, struct rq, hrtick_timer);
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_of(rq) != smp_processor_id());
+
+ spin_lock(&rq->lock);
+ __update_rq_clock(rq);
+ rq->curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, rq->curr, 1);
+ spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
+
+ return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
+}
+
+static inline void init_rq_hrtick(struct rq *rq)
+{
+ rq->hrtick_flags = 0;
+ hrtimer_init(&rq->hrtick_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+ rq->hrtick_timer.function = hrtick;
+ rq->hrtick_timer.cb_mode = HRTIMER_CB_IRQSAFE_NO_SOFTIRQ;
+}
+
+void hrtick_resched(void)
+{
+ struct rq *rq;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_HRTICK_RESCHED))
+ return;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ rq = cpu_rq(smp_processor_id());
+ hrtick_set(rq);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+#else
+static inline void hrtick_clear(struct rq *rq)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void hrtick_set(struct rq *rq)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void init_rq_hrtick(struct rq *rq)
+{
+}
+
+void hrtick_resched(void)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* resched_task - mark a task 'to be rescheduled now'.
*
@@ -809,16 +987,16 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event);
#define tsk_is_polling(t) test_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG)
#endif
-static void resched_task(struct task_struct *p)
+static void __resched_task(struct task_struct *p, int tif_bit)
{
int cpu;
assert_spin_locked(&task_rq(p)->lock);
- if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_NEED_RESCHED)))
+ if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(p, tif_bit)))
return;
- set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_NEED_RESCHED);
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(p, tif_bit);
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if (cpu == smp_processor_id())
@@ -841,10 +1019,10 @@ static void resched_cpu(int cpu)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
#else
-static inline void resched_task(struct task_struct *p)
+static void __resched_task(struct task_struct *p, int tif_bit)
{
assert_spin_locked(&task_rq(p)->lock);
- set_tsk_need_resched(p);
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(p, tif_bit);
}
#endif
@@ -3497,7 +3675,7 @@ void scheduler_tick(void)
rq->tick_timestamp = rq->clock;
update_cpu_load(rq);
if (curr != rq->idle) /* FIXME: needed? */
- curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, curr);
+ curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, curr, 0);
spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
@@ -3643,6 +3821,8 @@ need_resched_nonpreemptible:
schedule_debug(prev);
+ hrtick_clear(rq);
+
/*
* Do the rq-clock update outside the rq lock:
*/
@@ -3680,14 +3860,20 @@ need_resched_nonpreemptible:
++*switch_count;
context_switch(rq, prev, next); /* unlocks the rq */
+ /*
+ * the context switch might have flipped the stack from under
+ * us, hence refresh the local variables.
+ */
+ cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
} else
spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
- if (unlikely(reacquire_kernel_lock(current) < 0)) {
- cpu = smp_processor_id();
- rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
+ hrtick_set(rq);
+
+ if (unlikely(reacquire_kernel_lock(current) < 0))
goto need_resched_nonpreemptible;
- }
+
preempt_enable_no_resched();
if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_RESCHED)))
goto need_resched;
@@ -6913,6 +7099,8 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
rq->rt.overloaded = 0;
rq_attach_root(rq, &def_root_domain);
#endif
+ init_rq_hrtick(rq);
+
atomic_set(&rq->nr_iowait, 0);
array = &rq->rt.active;
diff --git a/kernel/sched_fair.c b/kernel/sched_fair.c
index dfa18d55561d..3dab1ff83c4f 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_fair.c
@@ -642,13 +642,29 @@ static void put_prev_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *prev)
cfs_rq->curr = NULL;
}
-static void entity_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr)
+static void
+entity_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr, int queued)
{
/*
* Update run-time statistics of the 'current'.
*/
update_curr(cfs_rq);
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
+ /*
+ * queued ticks are scheduled to match the slice, so don't bother
+ * validating it and just reschedule.
+ */
+ if (queued)
+ return resched_task(rq_of(cfs_rq)->curr);
+ /*
+ * don't let the period tick interfere with the hrtick preemption
+ */
+ if (!sched_feat(DOUBLE_TICK) &&
+ hrtimer_active(&rq_of(cfs_rq)->hrtick_timer))
+ return;
+#endif
+
if (cfs_rq->nr_running > 1 || !sched_feat(WAKEUP_PREEMPT))
check_preempt_tick(cfs_rq, curr);
}
@@ -754,6 +770,43 @@ static inline struct sched_entity *parent_entity(struct sched_entity *se)
#endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
+static void hrtick_start_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ int requeue = rq->curr == p;
+ struct sched_entity *se = &p->se;
+ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
+
+ WARN_ON(task_rq(p) != rq);
+
+ if (hrtick_enabled(rq) && cfs_rq->nr_running > 1) {
+ u64 slice = sched_slice(cfs_rq, se);
+ u64 ran = se->sum_exec_runtime - se->prev_sum_exec_runtime;
+ s64 delta = slice - ran;
+
+ if (delta < 0) {
+ if (rq->curr == p)
+ resched_task(p);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Don't schedule slices shorter than 10000ns, that just
+ * doesn't make sense. Rely on vruntime for fairness.
+ */
+ if (!requeue)
+ delta = max(10000LL, delta);
+
+ hrtick_start(rq, delta, requeue);
+ }
+}
+#else
+static inline void
+hrtick_start_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* The enqueue_task method is called before nr_running is
* increased. Here we update the fair scheduling stats and
@@ -782,6 +835,8 @@ static void enqueue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wakeup)
*/
if (incload)
inc_cpu_load(rq, topse->load.weight);
+
+ hrtick_start_fair(rq, rq->curr);
}
/*
@@ -814,6 +869,8 @@ static void dequeue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int sleep)
*/
if (decload)
dec_cpu_load(rq, topse->load.weight);
+
+ hrtick_start_fair(rq, rq->curr);
}
/*
@@ -1049,6 +1106,7 @@ static void check_preempt_wakeup(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
static struct task_struct *pick_next_task_fair(struct rq *rq)
{
+ struct task_struct *p;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = &rq->cfs;
struct sched_entity *se;
@@ -1060,7 +1118,10 @@ static struct task_struct *pick_next_task_fair(struct rq *rq)
cfs_rq = group_cfs_rq(se);
} while (cfs_rq);
- return task_of(se);
+ p = task_of(se);
+ hrtick_start_fair(rq, p);
+
+ return p;
}
/*
@@ -1235,14 +1296,14 @@ move_one_task_fair(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
/*
* scheduler tick hitting a task of our scheduling class:
*/
-static void task_tick_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *curr)
+static void task_tick_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *curr, int queued)
{
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
struct sched_entity *se = &curr->se;
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
- entity_tick(cfs_rq, se);
+ entity_tick(cfs_rq, se, queued);
}
}
diff --git a/kernel/sched_idletask.c b/kernel/sched_idletask.c
index ef7a2661fa10..2bcafa375633 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_idletask.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_idletask.c
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ move_one_task_idle(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
}
#endif
-static void task_tick_idle(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *curr)
+static void task_tick_idle(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *curr, int queued)
{
}
diff --git a/kernel/sched_rt.c b/kernel/sched_rt.c
index f350f7b15158..83fbbcb8019e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_rt.c
@@ -863,7 +863,7 @@ static void watchdog(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
}
}
-static void task_tick_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
+static void task_tick_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int queued)
{
update_curr_rt(rq);