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authorSteven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>2008-01-25 21:08:05 +0100
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2008-01-25 21:08:05 +0100
commite8fa136262e1121288bb93befe2295928ffd240d (patch)
tree5df829adde9b43efee39275c05751c99bf46eb2f /kernel
parentsched: track highest prio task queued (diff)
downloadlinux-dev-e8fa136262e1121288bb93befe2295928ffd240d.tar.xz
linux-dev-e8fa136262e1121288bb93befe2295928ffd240d.zip
sched: add RT task pushing
This patch adds an algorithm to push extra RT tasks off a run queue to other CPU runqueues. When more than one RT task is added to a run queue, this algorithm takes an assertive approach to push the RT tasks that are not running onto other run queues that have lower priority. The way this works is that the highest RT task that is not running is looked at and we examine the runqueues on the CPUS for that tasks affinity mask. We find the runqueue with the lowest prio in the CPU affinity of the picked task, and if it is lower in prio than the picked task, we push the task onto that CPU runqueue. We continue pushing RT tasks off the current runqueue until we don't push any more. The algorithm stops when the next highest RT task can't preempt any other processes on other CPUS. TODO: The algorithm may stop when there are still RT tasks that can be migrated. Specifically, if the highest non running RT task CPU affinity is restricted to CPUs that are running higher priority tasks, there may be a lower priority task queued that has an affinity with a CPU that is running a lower priority task that it could be migrated to. This patch set does not address this issue. Note: checkpatch reveals two over 80 character instances. I'm not sure that breaking them up will help visually, so I left them as is. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched.c8
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched_rt.c225
2 files changed, 231 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 6185fa080ec8..97cab609fc31 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -1952,6 +1952,8 @@ static void finish_task_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
prev_state = prev->state;
finish_arch_switch(prev);
finish_lock_switch(rq, prev);
+ schedule_tail_balance_rt(rq);
+
fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(current);
if (mm)
mmdrop(mm);
@@ -2185,11 +2187,13 @@ static void double_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
/*
* double_lock_balance - lock the busiest runqueue, this_rq is locked already.
*/
-static void double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
+static int double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
__releases(this_rq->lock)
__acquires(busiest->lock)
__acquires(this_rq->lock)
{
+ int ret = 0;
+
if (unlikely(!irqs_disabled())) {
/* printk() doesn't work good under rq->lock */
spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
@@ -2200,9 +2204,11 @@ static void double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
spin_lock(&busiest->lock);
spin_lock(&this_rq->lock);
+ ret = 1;
} else
spin_lock(&busiest->lock);
}
+ return ret;
}
/*
diff --git a/kernel/sched_rt.c b/kernel/sched_rt.c
index 136c2857a049..7815e90b1147 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_rt.c
@@ -137,6 +137,227 @@ static void put_prev_task_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+/* Only try algorithms three times */
+#define RT_MAX_TRIES 3
+
+static int double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest);
+static void deactivate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int sleep);
+
+/* Return the second highest RT task, NULL otherwise */
+static struct task_struct *pick_next_highest_task_rt(struct rq *rq)
+{
+ struct rt_prio_array *array = &rq->rt.active;
+ struct task_struct *next;
+ struct list_head *queue;
+ int idx;
+
+ assert_spin_locked(&rq->lock);
+
+ if (likely(rq->rt.rt_nr_running < 2))
+ return NULL;
+
+ idx = sched_find_first_bit(array->bitmap);
+ if (unlikely(idx >= MAX_RT_PRIO)) {
+ WARN_ON(1); /* rt_nr_running is bad */
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ queue = array->queue + idx;
+ next = list_entry(queue->next, struct task_struct, run_list);
+ if (unlikely(next != rq->curr))
+ return next;
+
+ if (queue->next->next != queue) {
+ /* same prio task */
+ next = list_entry(queue->next->next, struct task_struct, run_list);
+ return next;
+ }
+
+ /* slower, but more flexible */
+ idx = find_next_bit(array->bitmap, MAX_RT_PRIO, idx+1);
+ if (unlikely(idx >= MAX_RT_PRIO)) {
+ WARN_ON(1); /* rt_nr_running was 2 and above! */
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ queue = array->queue + idx;
+ next = list_entry(queue->next, struct task_struct, run_list);
+
+ return next;
+}
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_t, local_cpu_mask);
+
+/* Will lock the rq it finds */
+static struct rq *find_lock_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct rq *this_rq)
+{
+ struct rq *lowest_rq = NULL;
+ int cpu;
+ int tries;
+ cpumask_t *cpu_mask = &__get_cpu_var(local_cpu_mask);
+
+ cpus_and(*cpu_mask, cpu_online_map, task->cpus_allowed);
+
+ for (tries = 0; tries < RT_MAX_TRIES; tries++) {
+ /*
+ * Scan each rq for the lowest prio.
+ */
+ for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, *cpu_mask) {
+ struct rq *rq = &per_cpu(runqueues, cpu);
+
+ if (cpu == this_rq->cpu)
+ continue;
+
+ /* We look for lowest RT prio or non-rt CPU */
+ if (rq->rt.highest_prio >= MAX_RT_PRIO) {
+ lowest_rq = rq;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* no locking for now */
+ if (rq->rt.highest_prio > task->prio &&
+ (!lowest_rq || rq->rt.highest_prio > lowest_rq->rt.highest_prio)) {
+ lowest_rq = rq;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!lowest_rq)
+ break;
+
+ /* if the prio of this runqueue changed, try again */
+ if (double_lock_balance(this_rq, lowest_rq)) {
+ /*
+ * We had to unlock the run queue. In
+ * the mean time, task could have
+ * migrated already or had its affinity changed.
+ * Also make sure that it wasn't scheduled on its rq.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(task_rq(task) != this_rq ||
+ !cpu_isset(lowest_rq->cpu, task->cpus_allowed) ||
+ task_running(this_rq, task) ||
+ !task->se.on_rq)) {
+ spin_unlock(&lowest_rq->lock);
+ lowest_rq = NULL;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* If this rq is still suitable use it. */
+ if (lowest_rq->rt.highest_prio > task->prio)
+ break;
+
+ /* try again */
+ spin_unlock(&lowest_rq->lock);
+ lowest_rq = NULL;
+ }
+
+ return lowest_rq;
+}
+
+/*
+ * If the current CPU has more than one RT task, see if the non
+ * running task can migrate over to a CPU that is running a task
+ * of lesser priority.
+ */
+static int push_rt_task(struct rq *this_rq)
+{
+ struct task_struct *next_task;
+ struct rq *lowest_rq;
+ int ret = 0;
+ int paranoid = RT_MAX_TRIES;
+
+ assert_spin_locked(&this_rq->lock);
+
+ next_task = pick_next_highest_task_rt(this_rq);
+ if (!next_task)
+ return 0;
+
+ retry:
+ if (unlikely(next_task == this_rq->curr))
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * It's possible that the next_task slipped in of
+ * higher priority than current. If that's the case
+ * just reschedule current.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(next_task->prio < this_rq->curr->prio)) {
+ resched_task(this_rq->curr);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* We might release this_rq lock */
+ get_task_struct(next_task);
+
+ /* find_lock_lowest_rq locks the rq if found */
+ lowest_rq = find_lock_lowest_rq(next_task, this_rq);
+ if (!lowest_rq) {
+ struct task_struct *task;
+ /*
+ * find lock_lowest_rq releases this_rq->lock
+ * so it is possible that next_task has changed.
+ * If it has, then try again.
+ */
+ task = pick_next_highest_task_rt(this_rq);
+ if (unlikely(task != next_task) && task && paranoid--) {
+ put_task_struct(next_task);
+ next_task = task;
+ goto retry;
+ }
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ assert_spin_locked(&lowest_rq->lock);
+
+ deactivate_task(this_rq, next_task, 0);
+ set_task_cpu(next_task, lowest_rq->cpu);
+ activate_task(lowest_rq, next_task, 0);
+
+ resched_task(lowest_rq->curr);
+
+ spin_unlock(&lowest_rq->lock);
+
+ ret = 1;
+out:
+ put_task_struct(next_task);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * TODO: Currently we just use the second highest prio task on
+ * the queue, and stop when it can't migrate (or there's
+ * no more RT tasks). There may be a case where a lower
+ * priority RT task has a different affinity than the
+ * higher RT task. In this case the lower RT task could
+ * possibly be able to migrate where as the higher priority
+ * RT task could not. We currently ignore this issue.
+ * Enhancements are welcome!
+ */
+static void push_rt_tasks(struct rq *rq)
+{
+ /* push_rt_task will return true if it moved an RT */
+ while (push_rt_task(rq))
+ ;
+}
+
+static void schedule_tail_balance_rt(struct rq *rq)
+{
+ /*
+ * If we have more than one rt_task queued, then
+ * see if we can push the other rt_tasks off to other CPUS.
+ * Note we may release the rq lock, and since
+ * the lock was owned by prev, we need to release it
+ * first via finish_lock_switch and then reaquire it here.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(rq->rt.rt_nr_running > 1)) {
+ spin_lock_irq(&rq->lock);
+ push_rt_tasks(rq);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
+ }
+}
+
/*
* Load-balancing iterator. Note: while the runqueue stays locked
* during the whole iteration, the current task might be
@@ -241,7 +462,9 @@ move_one_task_rt(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
return iter_move_one_task(this_rq, this_cpu, busiest, sd, idle,
&rt_rq_iterator);
}
-#endif
+#else /* CONFIG_SMP */
+# define schedule_tail_balance_rt(rq) do { } while (0)
+#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void task_tick_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{