path: root/tools/testing
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authorSong Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>2018-03-14 10:23:21 -0700
committerDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>2018-03-15 01:09:28 +0100
commit615755a77b2461ed78dfafb8a6649456201949c7 (patch)
tree0b3144d3c705b3cc1128641df6ae65121b136e47 /tools/testing
parentbpf: comment why dots in filenames under BPF virtual FS are not allowed (diff)
bpf: extend stackmap to save binary_build_id+offset instead of address
Currently, bpf stackmap store address for each entry in the call trace. To map these addresses to user space files, it is necessary to maintain the mapping from these virtual address to symbols in the binary. Usually, the user space profiler (such as perf) has to scan /proc/pid/maps at the beginning of profiling, and monitor mmap2() calls afterwards. Given the cost of maintaining the address map, this solution is not practical for system wide profiling that is always on. This patch tries to solve this problem with a variation of stackmap. This variation is enabled by flag BPF_F_STACK_BUILD_ID. Instead of storing addresses, the variation stores ELF file build_id + offset. Build ID is a 20-byte unique identifier for ELF files. The following command shows the Build ID of /bin/bash: [user@]$ readelf -n /bin/bash ... Build ID: XXXXXXXXXX ... With BPF_F_STACK_BUILD_ID, bpf_get_stackid() tries to parse Build ID for each entry in the call trace, and translate it into the following struct: struct bpf_stack_build_id_offset { __s32 status; unsigned char build_id[BPF_BUILD_ID_SIZE]; union { __u64 offset; __u64 ip; }; }; The search of build_id is limited to the first page of the file, and this page should be in page cache. Otherwise, we fallback to store ip for this entry (ip field in struct bpf_stack_build_id_offset). This requires the build_id to be stored in the first page. A quick survey of binary and dynamic library files in a few different systems shows that almost all binary and dynamic library files have build_id in the first page. Build_id is only meaningful for user stack. If a kernel stack is added to a stackmap with BPF_F_STACK_BUILD_ID, it will automatically fallback to only store ip (status == BPF_STACK_BUILD_ID_IP). Similarly, if build_id lookup failed for some reason, it will also fallback to store ip. User space can access struct bpf_stack_build_id_offset with bpf syscall BPF_MAP_LOOKUP_ELEM. It is necessary for user space to maintain mapping from build id to binary files. This mostly static mapping is much easier to maintain than per process address maps. Note: Stackmap with build_id only works in non-nmi context at this time. This is because we need to take mm->mmap_sem for find_vma(). If this changes, we would like to allow build_id lookup in nmi context. Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
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