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2014-09-18ima: fix race condition on ima_rdwr_violation_check and process_measurementRoberto Sassu1-21/+33
This patch fixes a race condition between two functions that try to access the same inode. Since the i_mutex lock is held and released separately in the two functions, there may be the possibility that a violation is not correctly detected. Suppose there are two processes, A (reader) and B (writer), if the following sequence happens: A: ima_rdwr_violation_check() B: ima_rdwr_violation_check() B: process_measurement() B: starts writing the inode A: process_measurement() the ToMToU violation (a reader may be accessing a content different from that measured, due to a concurrent modification by a writer) will not be detected. To avoid this issue, the violation check and the measurement must be done atomically. This patch fixes the problem by moving the violation check inside process_measurement() when the i_mutex lock is held. Differently from the old code, the violation check is executed also for the MMAP_CHECK hook (other than for FILE_CHECK). This allows to detect ToMToU violations that are possible because shared libraries can be opened for writing while they are in use (according to the output of 'man mmap', the mmap() flag MAP_DENYWRITE is ignored). Changes in v5 (Roberto Sassu): * get iint if action is not zero * exit process_measurement() after the violation check if action is zero * reverse order process_measurement() exit cleanup (Mimi) Changes in v4 (Dmitry Kasatkin): * iint allocation is done before calling ima_rdrw_violation_check() (Suggested-by Mimi) * do not check for violations if the policy does not contain 'measure' rules (done by Roberto Sassu) Changes in v3 (Dmitry Kasatkin): * no violation checking for MMAP_CHECK function in this patch * remove use of filename from violation * removes checking if ima is enabled from ima_rdrw_violation_check * slight style change Suggested-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-17ima: added ima_policy_flag variableRoberto Sassu4-5/+34
This patch introduces the new variable 'ima_policy_flag', whose bits are set depending on the action of the current policy rules. Only the flags IMA_MEASURE, IMA_APPRAISE and IMA_AUDIT are set. The new variable will be used to improve performance by skipping the unnecessary execution of IMA code if the policy does not contain rules with the above actions. Changes in v6 (Roberto Sassu) * do not check 'ima_initialized' before calling ima_update_policy_flag() in ima_update_policy() (suggested by Dmitry) * calling ima_update_policy_flag() moved to init_ima to co-locate with ima_initialized (Dmitry) * add/revise comments (Mimi) Changes in v5 (Roberto Sassu) * reset IMA_APPRAISE flag in 'ima_policy_flag' if 'ima_appraise' is set to zero (reported by Dmitry) * update 'ima_policy_flag' only if IMA initialization is successful (suggested by Mimi and Dmitry) * check 'ima_policy_flag' instead of 'ima_initialized' (suggested by Mimi and Dmitry) Signed-off-by: Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-17ima: return an error code from ima_add_boot_aggregate()Roberto Sassu1-6/+15
This patch modifies ima_add_boot_aggregate() to return an error code. This way we can determine if all the initialization procedures have been executed successfully. Signed-off-by: Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-17ima: provide 'ima_appraise=log' kernel optionDmitry Kasatkin2-2/+5
The kernel boot parameter "ima_appraise" currently defines 'off', 'enforce' and 'fix' modes. When designing a policy and labeling the system, access to files are either blocked in the default 'enforce' mode or automatically fixed in the 'fix' mode. It is beneficial to be able to run the system in a logging only mode, without fixing it, in order to properly analyze the system. This patch adds a 'log' mode to run the system in a permissive mode and log the appraisal results. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-17ima: move keyring initialization to ima_init()Dmitry Kasatkin2-8/+6
ima_init() is used as a single place for all initializations. Experimental keyring patches used the 'late_initcall' which was co-located with the late_initcall(init_ima). When the late_initcall for the keyring initialization was abandoned, initialization moved to init_ima, though it would be more logical to move it to ima_init, where the rest of the initialization is done. This patch moves the keyring initialization to ima_init() as a preparatory step for loading the keys which will be added to ima_init() in following patches. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09integrity: make integrity files as 'integrity' moduleDmitry Kasatkin1-3/+3
The kernel print macros use the KBUILD_MODNAME, which is initialized to the module name. The current integrity/Makefile makes every file as its own module, so pr_xxx messages are prefixed with the file name instead of the module. Similar to the evm/Makefile and ima/Makefile, this patch fixes the integrity/Makefile to use the single name 'integrity'. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09integrity: base integrity subsystem kconfig options on integrityDmitry Kasatkin3-14/+18
The integrity subsystem has lots of options and takes more than half of the security menu. This patch consolidates the options under "integrity", which are hidden if not enabled. This change does not affect existing configurations. Re-configuration is not needed. Changes v4: - no need to change "integrity subsystem" to menuconfig as options are hidden, when not enabled. (Mimi) - add INTEGRITY Kconfig help description Changes v3: - dependency to INTEGRITY removed when behind 'if INTEGRITY' Changes v2: - previous patch moved integrity out of the 'security' menu. This version keeps integrity as a security option (Mimi). Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09integrity: move asymmetric keys config optionDmitry Kasatkin1-12/+12
For better visual appearance it is better to co-locate asymmetric key options together with signature support. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09ima: initialize only required templateDmitry Kasatkin1-24/+4
IMA uses only one template. This patch initializes only required template to avoid unnecessary memory allocations. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Reviewed-by: Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09ima: remove usage of filename parameterDmitry Kasatkin2-14/+10
In all cases except ima_bprm_check() the filename was not defined and ima_d_path() was used to find the full path. Unfortunately, the bprm filename is a relative pathname (eg. ./<dir>/filename). ima_bprm_check() selects between bprm->interp and bprm->filename. The following dump demonstrates the differences between using filename and interp. bprm->filename filename: ./foo.sh, pathname: /root/bin/foo.sh filename: ./foo.sh, pathname: /bin/dash bprm->interp filename: ./foo.sh, pathname: /root/bin/foo.sh filename: /bin/sh, pathname: /bin/dash In both cases the pathnames are currently the same. This patch removes usage of filename and interp in favor of d_absolute_path. Changes v3: - 11 extra bytes for "deleted" not needed (Mimi) - purpose "replace relative bprm filename with full pathname" (Mimi) Changes v2: - use d_absolute_path() instead of d_path to work in chroot environments. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09ima: remove unnecessary appraisal testDmitry Kasatkin1-2/+0
ima_get_action() sets the "action" flags based on policy. Before collecting, measuring, appraising, or auditing the file, the "action" flag is updated based on the cached iint->flags. This patch removes the subsequent unnecessary appraisal test in ima_appraise_measurement(). Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09ima: add missing '__init' keywordsDmitry Kasatkin3-5/+3
Add missing keywords to the function definition to cleanup to discard initialization code. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Reviewed-by: Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09ima: remove unnecessary extra variableDmitry Kasatkin1-4/+5
'function' variable value can be changed instead of allocating extra '_func' variable. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09ima: simplify conditional statement to improve performanceDmitry Kasatkin1-4/+2
Precede bit testing before string comparison makes code faster. Also refactor statement as a single line pointer assignment. Logic is following: we set 'xattr_ptr' to read xattr value when we will do appraisal or in any case when measurement template is other than 'ima'. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09integrity: remove declaration of non-existing functionsDmitry Kasatkin2-10/+0
Commit f381c27 "integrity: move ima inode integrity data management" (re)moved few functions but left their declarations in header files. This patch removes them and also removes duplicated declaration of integrity_iint_find(). Commit c7de7ad "ima: remove unused cleanup functions". This patch removes these definitions as well. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09integrity: prevent flooding with 'Request for unknown key'Dmitry Kasatkin1-2/+3
If file has IMA signature, IMA in enforce mode, but key is missing then file access is blocked and single error message is printed. If IMA appraisal is enabled in fix mode, then system runs as usual but might produce tons of 'Request for unknown key' messages. This patch switches 'pr_warn' to 'pr_err_ratelimited'. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-09ima: pass 'opened' flag to identify newly created filesDmitry Kasatkin3-12/+12
Empty files and missing xattrs do not guarantee that a file was just created. This patch passes FILE_CREATED flag to IMA to reliably identify new files. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> 3.14+
2014-09-09evm: properly handle INTEGRITY_NOXATTRS EVM statusDmitry Kasatkin1-0/+7
Unless an LSM labels a file during d_instantiate(), newly created files are not labeled with an initial security.evm xattr, until the file closes. EVM, before allowing a protected, security xattr to be written, verifies the existing 'security.evm' value is good. For newly created files without a security.evm label, this verification prevents writing any protected, security xattrs, until the file closes. Following is the example when this happens: fd = open("foo", O_CREAT | O_WRONLY, 0644); setxattr("foo", "security.SMACK64", value, sizeof(value), 0); close(fd); While INTEGRITY_NOXATTRS status is handled in other places, such as evm_inode_setattr(), it does not handle it in all cases in evm_protect_xattr(). By limiting the use of INTEGRITY_NOXATTRS to newly created files, we can now allow setting "protected" xattrs. Changelog: - limit the use of INTEGRITY_NOXATTRS to IMA identified new files Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> 3.14+
2014-09-08ima: provide flag to identify new empty filesDmitry Kasatkin3-7/+13
On ima_file_free(), newly created empty files are not labeled with an initial security.ima value, because the iversion did not change. Commit dff6efc "fs: fix iversion handling" introduced a change in iversion behavior. To verify this change use the shell command: $ (exec >foo) $ getfattr -h -e hex -d -m security foo This patch defines the IMA_NEW_FILE flag. The flag is initially set, when IMA detects that a new file is created, and subsequently checked on the ima_file_free() hook to set the initial security.ima value. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> 3.14+
2014-09-08evm: prevent passing integrity check if xattr read failsDmitry Kasatkin1-3/+4
This patch fixes a bug, where evm_verify_hmac() returns INTEGRITY_PASS if inode->i_op->getxattr() returns an error in evm_find_protected_xattrs. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com>
2014-09-02evm: fix checkpatch warningsDmitry Kasatkin1-3/+0
This patch fixes checkpatch 'return' warnings introduced with commit 9819cf2 "checkpatch: warn on unnecessary void function return statements". Use scripts/checkpatch.pl --file security/integrity/evm/evm_main.c to produce the warnings. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-02ima: fix fallback to use new_sync_read()Dmitry Kasatkin1-4/+4
3.16 commit aad4f8bb42af06371aa0e85bf0cd9d52c0494985 'switch simple generic_file_aio_read() users to ->read_iter()' replaced ->aio_read with ->read_iter in most of the file systems and introduced new_sync_read() as a replacement for do_sync_read(). Most of file systems set '->read' and ima_kernel_read is not affected. When ->read is not set, this patch adopts fallback call changes from the vfs_read. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> 3.16+
2014-09-02ima: prevent buffer overflow in ima_alloc_tfm()Dmitry Kasatkin1-1/+4
This patch fixes the case where the file's signature/hash xattr contains an invalid hash algorithm. Although we can not verify the xattr, we still need to measure the file. Use the default IMA hash algorithm. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-09-02ima: fix ima_alloc_atfm()Mimi Zohar1-1/+4
The patch 3bcced39ea7d: "ima: use ahash API for file hash calculation" from Feb 26, 2014, leads to the following static checker warning: security/integrity/ima/ima_crypto.c:204 ima_alloc_atfm()          error: buffer overflow 'hash_algo_name' 17 <= 17 Unlike shash tfm memory, which is allocated on initialization, the ahash tfm memory allocation is deferred until needed. This patch fixes the case where ima_ahash_tfm has not yet been allocated and the file's signature/hash xattr contains an invalid hash algorithm. Although we can not verify the xattr, we still need to measure the file. Use the default IMA hash algorithm. Changelog: - set valid algo before testing tfm - based on Dmitry's comment Reported-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com>
2014-07-25ima: add support for measuring and appraising firmwareMimi Zohar5-3/+35
The "security: introduce kernel_fw_from_file hook" patch defined a new security hook to evaluate any loaded firmware that wasn't built into the kernel. This patch defines ima_fw_from_file(), which is called from the new security hook, to measure and/or appraise the loaded firmware's integrity. Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2014-07-17ima: define '.ima' as a builtin 'trusted' keyringMimi Zohar5-2/+63
Require all keys added to the IMA keyring be signed by an existing trusted key on the system trusted keyring. Changelog v6: - remove ifdef CONFIG_IMA_TRUSTED_KEYRING in C code - Dmitry - update Kconfig dependency and help - select KEYS_DEBUG_PROC_KEYS - Dmitry Changelog v5: - Move integrity_init_keyring() to init_ima() - Dmitry - reset keyring[id] on failure - Dmitry Changelog v1: - don't link IMA trusted keyring to user keyring Changelog: - define stub integrity_init_keyring() function (reported-by Fengguang Wu) - differentiate between regular and trusted keyring names. - replace printk with pr_info (D. Kasatkin) - only make the IMA keyring a trusted keyring (reported-by D. Kastatkin) - define stub integrity_init_keyring() definition based on CONFIG_INTEGRITY_SIGNATURE, not CONFIG_INTEGRITY_ASYMMETRIC_KEYS. (reported-by Jim Davis) Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2014-07-17ima: provide double buffering for hash calculationDmitry Kasatkin1-16/+49
The asynchronous hash API allows initiating a hash calculation and then performing other tasks, while waiting for the hash calculation to complete. This patch introduces usage of double buffering for simultaneous hashing and reading of the next chunk of data from storage. Changes in v3: - better comments Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-07-17ima: introduce multi-page collect buffersDmitry Kasatkin1-2/+96
Use of multiple-page collect buffers reduces: 1) the number of block IO requests 2) the number of asynchronous hash update requests Second is important for HW accelerated hashing, because significant amount of time is spent for preparation of hash update operation, which includes configuring acceleration HW, DMA engine, etc... Thus, HW accelerators are more efficient when working on large chunks of data. This patch introduces usage of multi-page collect buffers. Buffer size can be specified using 'ahash_bufsize' module parameter. Default buffer size is 4096 bytes. Changes in v3: - kernel parameter replaced with module parameter Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-07-17ima: use ahash API for file hash calculationDmitry Kasatkin1-4/+183
Async hash API allows the use of HW acceleration for hash calculation. It may give significant performance gain and/or reduce power consumption, which might be very beneficial for battery powered devices. This patch introduces hash calculation using ahash API. ahash performance depends on the data size and the particular HW. Depending on the specific system, shash performance may be better. This patch defines 'ahash_minsize' module parameter, which is used to define the minimal file size to use with ahash. If this minimum file size is not set or the file is smaller than defined by the parameter, shash will be used. Changes in v3: - kernel parameter replaced with module parameter - pr_crit replaced with pr_crit_ratelimited - more comment changes - Mimi Changes in v2: - ima_ahash_size became as ima_ahash - ahash pre-allocation moved out from __init code to be able to use ahash crypto modules. Ahash allocated once on the first use. - hash calculation falls back to shash if ahash allocation/calculation fails - complex initialization separated from variable declaration - improved comments Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-07-17audit: fix dangling keywords in integrity ima message outputRichard Guy Briggs2-4/+4
Replace spaces in op keyword labels in log output since userspace audit tools can't parse orphaned keywords. Reported-by: Steve Grubb <sgrubb@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Richard Guy Briggs <rgb@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-07-17ima: delay template descriptor lookup until useDmitry Kasatkin1-1/+2
process_measurement() always calls ima_template_desc_current(), including when an IMA policy has not been defined. This patch delays template descriptor lookup until action is determined. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-07-17ima: remove unnecessary i_mutex locking from ima_rdwr_violation_check()Dmitry Kasatkin1-4/+0
Before 2.6.39 inode->i_readcount was maintained by IMA. It was not atomic and protected using spinlock. For 2.6.39, i_readcount was converted to atomic and maintaining was moved VFS layer. Spinlock for some unclear reason was replaced by i_mutex. After analyzing the code, we came to conclusion that i_mutex locking is unnecessary, especially when an IMA policy has not been defined. This patch removes i_mutex locking from ima_rdwr_violation_check(). Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-06-12ima: introduce ima_kernel_read()Dmitry Kasatkin1-1/+31
Commit 8aac62706 "move exit_task_namespaces() outside of exit_notify" introduced the kernel opps since the kernel v3.10, which happens when Apparmor and IMA-appraisal are enabled at the same time. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- [ 106.750167] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000018 [ 106.750221] IP: [<ffffffff811ec7da>] our_mnt+0x1a/0x30 [ 106.750241] PGD 0 [ 106.750254] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP [ 106.750272] Modules linked in: cuse parport_pc ppdev bnep rfcomm bluetooth rpcsec_gss_krb5 nfsd auth_rpcgss nfs_acl nfs lockd sunrpc fscache dm_crypt intel_rapl x86_pkg_temp_thermal intel_powerclamp kvm_intel snd_hda_codec_hdmi kvm crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel aesni_intel aes_x86_64 glue_helper lrw gf128mul ablk_helper cryptd snd_hda_codec_realtek dcdbas snd_hda_intel snd_hda_codec snd_hwdep snd_pcm snd_page_alloc snd_seq_midi snd_seq_midi_event snd_rawmidi psmouse snd_seq microcode serio_raw snd_timer snd_seq_device snd soundcore video lpc_ich coretemp mac_hid lp parport mei_me mei nbd hid_generic e1000e usbhid ahci ptp hid libahci pps_core [ 106.750658] CPU: 6 PID: 1394 Comm: mysqld Not tainted 3.13.0-rc7-kds+ #15 [ 106.750673] Hardware name: Dell Inc. OptiPlex 9010/0M9KCM, BIOS A08 09/19/2012 [ 106.750689] task: ffff8800de804920 ti: ffff880400fca000 task.ti: ffff880400fca000 [ 106.750704] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff811ec7da>] [<ffffffff811ec7da>] our_mnt+0x1a/0x30 [ 106.750725] RSP: 0018:ffff880400fcba60 EFLAGS: 00010286 [ 106.750738] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000100 RCX: ffff8800d51523e7 [ 106.750764] RDX: ffffffffffffffea RSI: ffff880400fcba34 RDI: ffff880402d20020 [ 106.750791] RBP: ffff880400fcbae0 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000001 [ 106.750817] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000001 R12: ffff8800d5152300 [ 106.750844] R13: ffff8803eb8df510 R14: ffff880400fcbb28 R15: ffff8800d51523e7 [ 106.750871] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff88040d200000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 [ 106.750910] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033 [ 106.750935] CR2: 0000000000000018 CR3: 0000000001c0e000 CR4: 00000000001407e0 [ 106.750962] Stack: [ 106.750981] ffffffff813434eb ffff880400fcbb20 ffff880400fcbb18 0000000000000000 [ 106.751037] ffff8800de804920 ffffffff8101b9b9 0001800000000000 0000000000000100 [ 106.751093] 0000010000000000 0000000000000002 000000000000000e ffff8803eb8df500 [ 106.751149] Call Trace: [ 106.751172] [<ffffffff813434eb>] ? aa_path_name+0x2ab/0x430 [ 106.751199] [<ffffffff8101b9b9>] ? sched_clock+0x9/0x10 [ 106.751225] [<ffffffff8134a68d>] aa_path_perm+0x7d/0x170 [ 106.751250] [<ffffffff8101b945>] ? native_sched_clock+0x15/0x80 [ 106.751276] [<ffffffff8134aa73>] aa_file_perm+0x33/0x40 [ 106.751301] [<ffffffff81348c5e>] common_file_perm+0x8e/0xb0 [ 106.751327] [<ffffffff81348d78>] apparmor_file_permission+0x18/0x20 [ 106.751355] [<ffffffff8130c853>] security_file_permission+0x23/0xa0 [ 106.751382] [<ffffffff811c77a2>] rw_verify_area+0x52/0xe0 [ 106.751407] [<ffffffff811c789d>] vfs_read+0x6d/0x170 [ 106.751432] [<ffffffff811cda31>] kernel_read+0x41/0x60 [ 106.751457] [<ffffffff8134fd45>] ima_calc_file_hash+0x225/0x280 [ 106.751483] [<ffffffff8134fb52>] ? ima_calc_file_hash+0x32/0x280 [ 106.751509] [<ffffffff8135022d>] ima_collect_measurement+0x9d/0x160 [ 106.751536] [<ffffffff810b552d>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10 [ 106.751562] [<ffffffff8134f07c>] ? ima_file_free+0x6c/0xd0 [ 106.751587] [<ffffffff81352824>] ima_update_xattr+0x34/0x60 [ 106.751612] [<ffffffff8134f0d0>] ima_file_free+0xc0/0xd0 [ 106.751637] [<ffffffff811c9635>] __fput+0xd5/0x300 [ 106.751662] [<ffffffff811c98ae>] ____fput+0xe/0x10 [ 106.751687] [<ffffffff81086774>] task_work_run+0xc4/0xe0 [ 106.751712] [<ffffffff81066fad>] do_exit+0x2bd/0xa90 [ 106.751738] [<ffffffff8173c958>] ? retint_swapgs+0x13/0x1b [ 106.751763] [<ffffffff8106780c>] do_group_exit+0x4c/0xc0 [ 106.751788] [<ffffffff81067894>] SyS_exit_group+0x14/0x20 [ 106.751814] [<ffffffff8174522d>] system_call_fastpath+0x1a/0x1f [ 106.751839] Code: c3 0f 1f 44 00 00 55 48 89 e5 e8 22 fe ff ff 5d c3 0f 1f 44 00 00 55 65 48 8b 04 25 c0 c9 00 00 48 8b 80 28 06 00 00 48 89 e5 5d <48> 8b 40 18 48 39 87 c0 00 00 00 0f 94 c0 c3 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 [ 106.752185] RIP [<ffffffff811ec7da>] our_mnt+0x1a/0x30 [ 106.752214] RSP <ffff880400fcba60> [ 106.752236] CR2: 0000000000000018 [ 106.752258] ---[ end trace 3c520748b4732721 ]--- ---------------------------------------------------------------------- The reason for the oops is that IMA-appraisal uses "kernel_read()" when file is closed. kernel_read() honors LSM security hook which calls Apparmor handler, which uses current->nsproxy->mnt_ns. The 'guilty' commit changed the order of cleanup code so that nsproxy->mnt_ns was not already available for Apparmor. Discussion about the issue with Al Viro and Eric W. Biederman suggested that kernel_read() is too high-level for IMA. Another issue, except security checking, that was identified is mandatory locking. kernel_read honors it as well and it might prevent IMA from calculating necessary hash. It was suggested to use simplified version of the function without security and locking checks. This patch introduces special version ima_kernel_read(), which skips security and mandatory locking checking. It prevents the kernel oops to happen. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Suggested-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
2014-06-12evm: prohibit userspace writing 'security.evm' HMAC valueMimi Zohar1-2/+10
Calculating the 'security.evm' HMAC value requires access to the EVM encrypted key. Only the kernel should have access to it. This patch prevents userspace tools(eg. setfattr, cp --preserve=xattr) from setting/modifying the 'security.evm' HMAC value directly. Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
2014-06-12ima: check inode integrity cache in violation checkDmitry Kasatkin1-2/+7
When IMA did not support ima-appraisal, existance of the S_IMA flag clearly indicated that the file was measured. With IMA appraisal S_IMA flag indicates that file was measured and/or appraised. Because of this, when measurement is not enabled by the policy, violations are still reported. To differentiate between measurement and appraisal policies this patch checks the inode integrity cache flags. The IMA_MEASURED flag indicates whether the file was actually measured, while the IMA_MEASURE flag indicates whether the file should be measured. Unfortunately, the IMA_MEASURED flag is reset to indicate the file needs to be re-measured. Thus, this patch checks the IMA_MEASURE flag. This patch limits the false positive violation reports, but does not fix it entirely. The IMA_MEASURE/IMA_MEASURED flags are indications that, at some point in time, the file opened for read was in policy, but might not be in policy now (eg. different uid). Other changes would be needed to further limit false positive violation reports. Changelog: - expanded patch description based on conversation with Roberto (Mimi) Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-06-12ima: prevent unnecessary policy checkingDmitry Kasatkin1-9/+4
ima_rdwr_violation_check is called for every file openning. The function checks the policy even when violation condition is not met. It causes unnecessary policy checking. This patch does policy checking only if violation condition is met. Changelog: - check writecount is greater than zero (Mimi) Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-06-12evm: provide option to protect additional SMACK xattrsDmitry Kasatkin2-0/+22
Newer versions of SMACK introduced following security xattrs: SMACK64EXEC, SMACK64TRANSMUTE and SMACK64MMAP. To protect these xattrs, this patch includes them in the HMAC calculation. However, for backwards compatibility with existing labeled filesystems, including these xattrs needs to be configurable. Changelog: - Add SMACK dependency on new option (Mimi) Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-06-12evm: replace HMAC version with attribute maskDmitry Kasatkin4-11/+33
Using HMAC version limits the posibility to arbitrarily add new attributes such as SMACK64EXEC to the hmac calculation. This patch replaces hmac version with attribute mask. Desired attributes can be enabled with configuration parameter. It allows to build kernels which works with previously labeled filesystems. Currently supported attribute is 'fsuuid' which is equivalent of the former version 2. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-06-12ima: prevent new digsig xattr from being replacedMimi Zohar1-3/+7
Even though a new xattr will only be appraised on the next access, set the DIGSIG flag to prevent a signature from being replaced with a hash on file close. Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-06-10Merge branch 'serge-next-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/sergeh/linux-securityLinus Torvalds4-3/+19
Pull security layer updates from Serge Hallyn: "This is a merge of James Morris' security-next tree from 3.14 to yesterday's master, plus four patches from Paul Moore which are in linux-next, plus one patch from Mimi" * 'serge-next-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/sergeh/linux-security: ima: audit log files opened with O_DIRECT flag selinux: conditionally reschedule in hashtab_insert while loading selinux policy selinux: conditionally reschedule in mls_convert_context while loading selinux policy selinux: reject setexeccon() on MNT_NOSUID applications with -EACCES selinux: Report permissive mode in avc: denied messages. Warning in scanf string typing Smack: Label cgroup files for systemd Smack: Verify read access on file open - v3 security: Convert use of typedef ctl_table to struct ctl_table Smack: bidirectional UDS connect check Smack: Correctly remove SMACK64TRANSMUTE attribute SMACK: Fix handling value==NULL in post setxattr bugfix patch for SMACK Smack: adds smackfs/ptrace interface Smack: unify all ptrace accesses in the smack Smack: fix the subject/object order in smack_ptrace_traceme() Minor improvement of 'smack_sb_kern_mount' smack: fix key permission verification KEYS: Move the flags representing required permission to linux/key.h
2014-06-03ima: audit log files opened with O_DIRECT flagMimi Zohar4-3/+19
Files are measured or appraised based on the IMA policy. When a file, in policy, is opened with the O_DIRECT flag, a deadlock occurs. The first attempt at resolving this lockdep temporarily removed the O_DIRECT flag and restored it, after calculating the hash. The second attempt introduced the O_DIRECT_HAVELOCK flag. Based on this flag, do_blockdev_direct_IO() would skip taking the i_mutex a second time. The third attempt, by Dmitry Kasatkin, resolves the i_mutex locking issue, by re-introducing the IMA mutex, but uncovered another problem. Reading a file with O_DIRECT flag set, writes directly to userspace pages. A second patch allocates a user-space like memory. This works for all IMA hooks, except ima_file_free(), which is called on __fput() to recalculate the file hash. Until this last issue is addressed, do not 'collect' the measurement for measuring, appraising, or auditing files opened with the O_DIRECT flag set. Based on policy, permit or deny file access. This patch defines a new IMA policy rule option named 'permit_directio'. Policy rules could be defined, based on LSM or other criteria, to permit specific applications to open files with the O_DIRECT flag set. Changelog v1: - permit or deny file access based IMA policy rules Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
2014-04-12Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfsLinus Torvalds2-2/+2
Pull vfs updates from Al Viro: "The first vfs pile, with deep apologies for being very late in this window. Assorted cleanups and fixes, plus a large preparatory part of iov_iter work. There's a lot more of that, but it'll probably go into the next merge window - it *does* shape up nicely, removes a lot of boilerplate, gets rid of locking inconsistencie between aio_write and splice_write and I hope to get Kent's direct-io rewrite merged into the same queue, but some of the stuff after this point is having (mostly trivial) conflicts with the things already merged into mainline and with some I want more testing. This one passes LTP and xfstests without regressions, in addition to usual beating. BTW, readahead02 in ltp syscalls testsuite has started giving failures since "mm/readahead.c: fix readahead failure for memoryless NUMA nodes and limit readahead pages" - might be a false positive, might be a real regression..." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (63 commits) missing bits of "splice: fix racy pipe->buffers uses" cifs: fix the race in cifs_writev() ceph_sync_{,direct_}write: fix an oops on ceph_osdc_new_request() failure kill generic_file_buffered_write() ocfs2_file_aio_write(): switch to generic_perform_write() ceph_aio_write(): switch to generic_perform_write() xfs_file_buffered_aio_write(): switch to generic_perform_write() export generic_perform_write(), start getting rid of generic_file_buffer_write() generic_file_direct_write(): get rid of ppos argument btrfs_file_aio_write(): get rid of ppos kill the 5th argument of generic_file_buffered_write() kill the 4th argument of __generic_file_aio_write() lustre: don't open-code kernel_recvmsg() ocfs2: don't open-code kernel_recvmsg() drbd: don't open-code kernel_recvmsg() constify blk_rq_map_user_iov() and friends lustre: switch to kernel_sendmsg() ocfs2: don't open-code kernel_sendmsg() take iov_iter stuff to mm/iov_iter.c process_vm_access: tidy up a bit ...
2014-04-12Merge git://git.infradead.org/users/eparis/auditLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
Pull audit updates from Eric Paris. * git://git.infradead.org/users/eparis/audit: (28 commits) AUDIT: make audit_is_compat depend on CONFIG_AUDIT_COMPAT_GENERIC audit: renumber AUDIT_FEATURE_CHANGE into the 1300 range audit: do not cast audit_rule_data pointers pointlesly AUDIT: Allow login in non-init namespaces audit: define audit_is_compat in kernel internal header kernel: Use RCU_INIT_POINTER(x, NULL) in audit.c sched: declare pid_alive as inline audit: use uapi/linux/audit.h for AUDIT_ARCH declarations syscall_get_arch: remove useless function arguments audit: remove stray newline from audit_log_execve_info() audit_panic() call audit: remove stray newlines from audit_log_lost messages audit: include subject in login records audit: remove superfluous new- prefix in AUDIT_LOGIN messages audit: allow user processes to log from another PID namespace audit: anchor all pid references in the initial pid namespace audit: convert PPIDs to the inital PID namespace. pid: get pid_t ppid of task in init_pid_ns audit: rename the misleading audit_get_context() to audit_take_context() audit: Add generic compat syscall support audit: Add CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_AUDITSYSCALL ...
2014-04-01get rid of pointless checks for NULL ->i_opAl Viro2-2/+2
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2014-03-20audit: anchor all pid references in the initial pid namespaceRichard Guy Briggs1-1/+1
Store and log all PIDs with reference to the initial PID namespace and use the access functions task_pid_nr() and task_tgid_nr() for task->pid and task->tgid. Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> (informed by ebiederman's c776b5d2) Signed-off-by: Richard Guy Briggs <rgb@redhat.com>
2014-03-07evm: enable key retention service automaticallyDmitry Kasatkin1-2/+3
If keys are not enabled, EVM is not visible in the configuration menu. It may be difficult to figure out what to do unless you really know. Other subsystems as NFS, CIFS select keys automatically. This patch does the same. This patch also removes '(TRUSTED_KEYS=y || TRUSTED_KEYS=n)' dependency, which is unnecessary. EVM does not depend on trusted keys, but on encrypted keys. evm.h provides compile time dependency. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-03-07ima: skip memory allocation for empty filesDmitry Kasatkin1-8/+12
Memory allocation is unnecessary for empty files. This patch calculates the hash without memory allocation. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-03-07evm: EVM does not use MD5Dmitry Kasatkin1-1/+0
EVM does not use MD5 HMAC. Selection of CRYPTO_MD5 can be safely removed. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-03-07ima: return d_name.name if d_path failsDmitry Kasatkin2-7/+2
This is a small refactoring so ima_d_path() returns dentry name if path reconstruction fails. It simplifies callers actions and removes code duplication. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-03-07integrity: fix checkpatch errorsDmitry Kasatkin11-70/+69
Between checkpatch changes (eg. sizeof) and inconsistencies between Lindent and checkpatch, unfixed checkpatch errors make it difficult to see new errors. This patch fixes them. Some lines with over 80 chars remained unchanged to improve code readability. The "extern" keyword is removed from internal evm.h to make it consistent with internal ima.h. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <d.kasatkin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>