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2020-01-22libbpf: Add support for program extensionsAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+2
Add minimal support for program extensions. bpf_object_open_opts() needs to be called with attach_prog_fd = target_prog_fd and BPF program extension needs to have in .c file section definition like SEC("freplace/func_to_be_replaced"). libbpf will search for "func_to_be_replaced" in the target_prog_fd's BTF and will pass it in attach_btf_id to the kernel. This approach works for tests, but more compex use case may need to request function name (and attach_btf_id that kernel sees) to be more dynamic. Such API will be added in future patches. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200121005348.2769920-3-ast@kernel.org
2020-01-15libbpf: Expose bpf_find_kernel_btf as a LIBBPF_APIMartin KaFai Lau1-0/+1
This patch exposes bpf_find_kernel_btf() as a LIBBPF_API. It will be used in 'bpftool map dump' in a following patch to dump a map with btf_vmlinux_value_type_id set. bpf_find_kernel_btf() is renamed to libbpf_find_kernel_btf() and moved to btf.c. As <linux/kernel.h> is included, some of the max/min type casting needs to be fixed. Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200115230031.1102305-1-kafai@fb.com
2020-01-15libbpf: Add libbpf support to batch opsYonghong Song1-0/+4
Added four libbpf API functions to support map batch operations: . int bpf_map_delete_batch( ... ) . int bpf_map_lookup_batch( ... ) . int bpf_map_lookup_and_delete_batch( ... ) . int bpf_map_update_batch( ... ) Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200115184308.162644-8-brianvv@google.com
2020-01-09bpf: libbpf: Add STRUCT_OPS supportMartin KaFai Lau1-0/+3
This patch adds BPF STRUCT_OPS support to libbpf. The only sec_name convention is SEC(".struct_ops") to identify the struct_ops implemented in BPF, e.g. To implement a tcp_congestion_ops: SEC(".struct_ops") struct tcp_congestion_ops dctcp = { .init = (void *)dctcp_init, /* <-- a bpf_prog */ /* ... some more func prts ... */ .name = "bpf_dctcp", }; Each struct_ops is defined as a global variable under SEC(".struct_ops") as above. libbpf creates a map for each variable and the variable name is the map's name. Multiple struct_ops is supported under SEC(".struct_ops"). In the bpf_object__open phase, libbpf will look for the SEC(".struct_ops") section and find out what is the btf-type the struct_ops is implementing. Note that the btf-type here is referring to a type in the bpf_prog.o's btf. A "struct bpf_map" is added by bpf_object__add_map() as other maps do. It will then collect (through SHT_REL) where are the bpf progs that the func ptrs are referring to. No btf_vmlinux is needed in the open phase. In the bpf_object__load phase, the map-fields, which depend on the btf_vmlinux, are initialized (in bpf_map__init_kern_struct_ops()). It will also set the prog->type, prog->attach_btf_id, and prog->expected_attach_type. Thus, the prog's properties do not rely on its section name. [ Currently, the bpf_prog's btf-type ==> btf_vmlinux's btf-type matching process is as simple as: member-name match + btf-kind match + size match. If these matching conditions fail, libbpf will reject. The current targeting support is "struct tcp_congestion_ops" which most of its members are function pointers. The member ordering of the bpf_prog's btf-type can be different from the btf_vmlinux's btf-type. ] Then, all obj->maps are created as usual (in bpf_object__create_maps()). Once the maps are created and prog's properties are all set, the libbpf will proceed to load all the progs. bpf_map__attach_struct_ops() is added to register a struct_ops map to a kernel subsystem. Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200109003514.3856730-1-kafai@fb.com
2020-01-08libbpf: Add probe for large INSN limitMichal Rostecki1-0/+1
Introduce a new probe which checks whether kernel has large maximum program size which was increased in the following commit: c04c0d2b968a ("bpf: increase complexity limit and maximum program size") Based on the similar check in Cilium[0], authored by Daniel Borkmann. [0] https://github.com/cilium/cilium/commit/657d0f585afd26232cfa5d4e70b6f64d2ea91596 Co-authored-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Signed-off-by: Michal Rostecki <mrostecki@opensuse.org> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Reviewed-by: Quentin Monnet <quentin.monnet@netronome.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20200108162428.25014-2-mrostecki@opensuse.org
2019-12-19libbpf: Introduce bpf_prog_attach_xattrAndrey Ignatov1-0/+1
Introduce a new bpf_prog_attach_xattr function that, in addition to program fd, target fd and attach type, accepts an extendable struct bpf_prog_attach_opts. bpf_prog_attach_opts relies on DECLARE_LIBBPF_OPTS macro to maintain backward and forward compatibility and has the following "optional" attach attributes: * existing attach_flags, since it's not required when attaching in NONE mode. Even though it's quite often used in MULTI and OVERRIDE mode it seems to be a good idea to reduce number of arguments to bpf_prog_attach_xattr; * newly introduced attribute of BPF_PROG_ATTACH command: replace_prog_fd that is fd of previously attached cgroup-bpf program to replace if BPF_F_REPLACE flag is used. The new function is named to be consistent with other xattr-functions (bpf_prog_test_run_xattr, bpf_create_map_xattr, bpf_load_program_xattr). The struct bpf_prog_attach_opts is supposed to be used with DECLARE_LIBBPF_OPTS macro. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/bd6e0732303eb14e4b79cb128268d9e9ad6db208.1576741281.git.rdna@fb.com
2019-12-18libbpf: Add bpf_link__disconnect() API to preserve underlying BPF resourceAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
There are cases in which BPF resource (program, map, etc) has to outlive userspace program that "installed" it in the system in the first place. When BPF program is attached, libbpf returns bpf_link object, which is supposed to be destroyed after no longer necessary through bpf_link__destroy() API. Currently, bpf_link destruction causes both automatic detachment and frees up any resources allocated to for bpf_link in-memory representation. This is inconvenient for the case described above because of coupling of detachment and resource freeing. This patch introduces bpf_link__disconnect() API call, which marks bpf_link as disconnected from its underlying BPF resouces. This means that when bpf_link is destroyed later, all its memory resources will be freed, but BPF resource itself won't be detached. This design allows to follow strict and resource-leak-free design by default, while giving easy and straightforward way for user code to opt for keeping BPF resource attached beyond lifetime of a bpf_link. For some BPF programs (i.e., FS-based tracepoints, kprobes, raw tracepoint, etc), user has to make sure to pin BPF program to prevent kernel to automatically detach it on process exit. This should typically be achived by pinning BPF program (or map in some cases) in BPF FS. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191218225039.2668205-1-andriin@fb.com
2019-12-15libbpf: Add BPF object skeleton supportAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+5
Add new set of APIs, allowing to open/load/attach BPF object through BPF object skeleton, generated by bpftool for a specific BPF object file. All the xxx_skeleton() APIs wrap up corresponding bpf_object_xxx() APIs, but additionally also automate map/program lookups by name, global data initialization and mmap()-ing, etc. All this greatly improves and simplifies userspace usability of working with BPF programs. See follow up patches for examples. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191214014341.3442258-13-andriin@fb.com
2019-12-15libbpf: Expose BPF program's function nameAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+2
Add APIs to get BPF program function name, as opposed to bpf_program__title(), which returns BPF program function's section name. Function name has a benefit of being a valid C identifier and uniquely identifies a specific BPF program, while section name can be duplicated across multiple independent BPF programs. Add also bpf_object__find_program_by_name(), similar to bpf_object__find_program_by_title(), to facilitate looking up BPF programs by their C function names. Convert one of selftests to new API for look up. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191214014341.3442258-9-andriin@fb.com
2019-12-15libbpf: Expose BTF-to-C type declaration emitting APIAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
Expose API that allows to emit type declaration and field/variable definition (if optional field name is specified) in valid C syntax for any provided BTF type. This is going to be used by bpftool when emitting data section layout as a struct. As part of making this API useful in a stand-alone fashion, move initialization of some of the internal btf_dump state to earlier phase. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191214014341.3442258-8-andriin@fb.com
2019-12-15libbpf: Expose btf__align_of() APIAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
Expose BTF API that calculates type alignment requirements. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191214014341.3442258-7-andriin@fb.com
2019-12-15libbpf: Add generic bpf_program__attach()Andrii Nakryiko1-0/+2
Generalize BPF program attaching and allow libbpf to auto-detect type (and extra parameters, where applicable) and attach supported BPF program types based on program sections. Currently this is supported for: - kprobe/kretprobe; - tracepoint; - raw tracepoint; - tracing programs (typed raw TP/fentry/fexit). More types support can be trivially added within this framework. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191214014341.3442258-3-andriin@fb.com
2019-12-11libbpf: Bump libpf current version to v0.0.7Andrii Nakryiko1-0/+3
New development cycles starts, bump to v0.0.7 proactively. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191209224022.3544519-1-andriin@fb.com
2019-11-15libbpf: Add support to attach to fentry/fexit tracing progsAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+2
Teach libbpf to recognize tracing programs types and attach them to fentry/fexit. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191114185720.1641606-7-ast@kernel.org
2019-11-15libbpf: Introduce btf__find_by_name_kind()Alexei Starovoitov1-0/+1
Introduce btf__find_by_name_kind() helper to search BTF by name and kind, since name alone can be ambiguous. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191114185720.1641606-6-ast@kernel.org
2019-11-10libbpf: Add getter for program sizeToke Høiland-Jørgensen1-0/+1
This adds a new getter for the BPF program size (in bytes). This is useful for a caller that is trying to predict how much memory will be locked by loading a BPF object into the kernel. Signed-off-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/157333185272.88376.10996937115395724683.stgit@toke.dk
2019-11-10libbpf: Add bpf_get_link_xdp_info() function to get more XDP informationToke Høiland-Jørgensen1-0/+1
Currently, libbpf only provides a function to get a single ID for the XDP program attached to the interface. However, it can be useful to get the full set of program IDs attached, along with the attachment mode, in one go. Add a new getter function to support this, using an extendible structure to carry the information. Express the old bpf_get_link_id() function in terms of the new function. Signed-off-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/157333185164.88376.7520653040667637246.stgit@toke.dk
2019-11-02libbpf: Store map pin path and status in struct bpf_mapToke Høiland-Jørgensen1-0/+3
Support storing and setting a pin path in struct bpf_map, which can be used for automatic pinning. Also store the pin status so we can avoid attempts to re-pin a map that has already been pinned (or reused from a previous pinning). The behaviour of bpf_object__{un,}pin_maps() is changed so that if it is called with a NULL path argument (which was previously illegal), it will (un)pin only those maps that have a pin_path set. Signed-off-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/157269297876.394725.14782206533681896279.stgit@toke.dk
2019-10-31libbpf: Add support for prog_tracingAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+2
Cleanup libbpf from expected_attach_type == attach_btf_id hack and introduce BPF_PROG_TYPE_TRACING. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191030223212.953010-3-ast@kernel.org
2019-10-21libbpf: Add bpf_program__get_{type, expected_attach_type) APIsAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+2
There are bpf_program__set_type() and bpf_program__set_expected_attach_type(), but no corresponding getters, which seems rather incomplete. Fix this. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191021033902.3856966-3-andriin@fb.com
2019-10-05libbpf: add bpf_object__open_{file, mem} w/ extensible optsAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+3
Add new set of bpf_object__open APIs using new approach to optional parameters extensibility allowing simpler ABI compatibility approach. This patch demonstrates an approach to implementing libbpf APIs that makes it easy to extend existing APIs with extra optional parameters in such a way, that ABI compatibility is preserved without having to do symbol versioning and generating lots of boilerplate code to handle it. To facilitate succinct code for working with options, add OPTS_VALID, OPTS_HAS, and OPTS_GET macros that hide all the NULL, size, and zero checks. Additionally, newly added libbpf APIs are encouraged to follow similar pattern of having all mandatory parameters as formal function parameters and always have optional (NULL-able) xxx_opts struct, which should always have real struct size as a first field and the rest would be optional parameters added over time, which tune the behavior of existing API, if specified by user. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-10-02libbpf: Bump current version to v0.0.6Andrii Nakryiko1-0/+3
New release cycle started, let's bump to v0.0.6 proactively. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20190930222503.519782-1-andriin@fb.com
2019-08-31libbpf: add flags to umem configKevin Laatz1-0/+1
This patch adds a 'flags' field to the umem_config and umem_reg structs. This will allow for more options to be added for configuring umems. The first use for the flags field is to add a flag for unaligned chunks mode. These flags can either be user-provided or filled with a default. Since we change the size of the xsk_umem_config struct, we need to version the ABI. This patch includes the ABI versioning for xsk_umem__create. The Makefile was also updated to handle multiple function versions in check-abi. Signed-off-by: Kevin Laatz <kevin.laatz@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ciara Loftus <ciara.loftus@intel.com> Acked-by: Jonathan Lemon <jonathan.lemon@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-08-20libbpf: add bpf_btf_get_next_id() to cycle through BTF objectsQuentin Monnet1-0/+2
Add an API function taking a BTF object id and providing the id of the next BTF object in the kernel. This can be used to list all BTF objects loaded on the system. v2: - Rebase on top of Andrii's changes regarding libbpf versioning. Signed-off-by: Quentin Monnet <quentin.monnet@netronome.com> Reviewed-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-08-15libbpf: make libbpf.map source of truth for libbpf versionAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+3
Currently libbpf version is specified in 2 places: libbpf.map and Makefile. They easily get out of sync and it's very easy to update one, but forget to update another one. In addition, Github projection of libbpf has to maintain its own version which has to be remembered to be kept in sync manually, which is very error-prone approach. This patch makes libbpf.map a source of truth for libbpf version and uses shell invocation to parse out correct full and major libbpf version to use during build. Now we need to make sure that once new release cycle starts, we need to add (initially) empty section to libbpf.map with correct latest version. This also will make it possible to keep Github projection consistent with kernel sources version of libbpf by adopting similar parsing of version from libbpf.map. v2->v3: - grep -o + sort -rV (Andrey); v1->v2: - eager version vars evaluation (Jakub); - simplified version regex (Andrey); Cc: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-07-08libbpf: add perf buffer APIAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+4
BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY map is often used to send data from BPF program to user space for additional processing. libbpf already has very low-level API to read single CPU perf buffer, bpf_perf_event_read_simple(), but it's hard to use and requires a lot of code to set everything up. This patch adds perf_buffer abstraction on top of it, abstracting setting up and polling per-CPU logic into simple and convenient API, similar to what BCC provides. perf_buffer__new() sets up per-CPU ring buffers and updates corresponding BPF map entries. It accepts two user-provided callbacks: one for handling raw samples and one for get notifications of lost samples due to buffer overflow. perf_buffer__new_raw() is similar, but provides more control over how perf events are set up (by accepting user-provided perf_event_attr), how they are handled (perf_event_header pointer is passed directly to user-provided callback), and on which CPUs ring buffers are created (it's possible to provide a list of CPUs and corresponding map keys to update). This API allows advanced users fuller control. perf_buffer__poll() is used to fetch ring buffer data across all CPUs, utilizing epoll instance. perf_buffer__free() does corresponding clean up and unsets FDs from BPF map. All APIs are not thread-safe. User should ensure proper locking/coordination if used in multi-threaded set up. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-07-05libbpf: add raw tracepoint attach APIAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
Add a wrapper utilizing bpf_link "infrastructure" to allow attaching BPF programs to raw tracepoints. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-07-05libbpf: add tracepoint attach APIAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
Allow attaching BPF programs to kernel tracepoint BPF hooks specified by category and name. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-07-05libbpf: add kprobe/uprobe attach APIAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+2
Add ability to attach to kernel and user probes and retprobes. Implementation depends on perf event support for kprobes/uprobes. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-07-05libbpf: add ability to attach/detach BPF program to perf eventAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
bpf_program__attach_perf_event allows to attach BPF program to existing perf event hook, providing most generic and most low-level way to attach BPF programs. It returns struct bpf_link, which should be passed to bpf_link__destroy to detach and free resources, associated with a link. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-07-05libbpf: introduce concept of bpf_linkAndrii Nakryiko1-1/+2
bpf_link is an abstraction of an association of a BPF program and one of many possible BPF attachment points (hooks). This allows to have uniform interface for detaching BPF programs regardless of the nature of link and how it was created. Details of creation and setting up of a specific bpf_link is handled by corresponding attachment methods (bpf_program__attach_xxx) added in subsequent commits. Once successfully created, bpf_link has to be eventually destroyed with bpf_link__destroy(), at which point BPF program is disassociated from a hook and all the relevant resources are freed. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-06-11bpf: add a new API libbpf_num_possible_cpus()Hechao Li1-0/+1
Adding a new API libbpf_num_possible_cpus() that helps user with per-CPU map operations. Signed-off-by: Hechao Li <hechaol@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-05-28libbpf: add bpf_object__load_xattr() API function to pass log_levelQuentin Monnet1-0/+1
libbpf was recently made aware of the log_level attribute for programs, used to specify the level of information expected to be dumped by the verifier. Function bpf_prog_load_xattr() got support for this log_level parameter. But some applications using libbpf rely on another function to load programs, bpf_object__load(), which does accept any parameter for log level. Create an API function based on bpf_object__load(), but accepting an "attr" object as a parameter. Then add a log_level field to that object, so that applications calling the new bpf_object__load_xattr() can pick the desired log level. v3: - Rewrite commit log. v2: - We are in a new cycle, bump libbpf extraversion number. Signed-off-by: Quentin Monnet <quentin.monnet@netronome.com> Reviewed-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-05-24libbpf: add btf_dump API for BTF-to-C conversionAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+3
BTF contains enough type information to allow generating valid compilable C header w/ correct layout of structs/unions and all the typedef/enum definitions. This patch adds a new "object" - btf_dump to facilitate dumping BTF as valid C. btf_dump__dump_type() is the main API which takes care of dumping out (through user-provided printf-like callback function) C definitions for given type ID and it's required dependencies. This allows for not just dumping out entirety of BTF types, but also selective filtering based on user-provided criterias w/ minimal set of dependent types. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-05-24libbpf: add btf__parse_elf API to load .BTF and .BTF.extAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+5
Loading BTF and BTF.ext from ELF file is a common need. Instead of requiring every user to re-implement it, let's provide this API from libbpf itself. It's mostly copy/paste from `bpftool btf dump` implementation, which will be switched to libbpf's version in next patch. btf__parse_elf allows to load BTF and optionally BTF.ext. This is also useful for tests that need to load/work with BTF, loaded from test ELF files. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-04-09bpf, libbpf: add support for BTF Var and DataSecDaniel Borkmann1-0/+1
This adds libbpf support for BTF Var and DataSec kinds. Main point here is that libbpf needs to do some preparatory work before the whole BTF object can be loaded into the kernel, that is, fixing up of DataSec size taken from the ELF section size and non-static variable offset which needs to be taken from the ELF's string section. Upstream LLVM doesn't fix these up since at time of BTF emission it is too early in the compilation process thus this information isn't available yet, hence loader needs to take care of it. Note, deduplication handling has not been in the scope of this work and needs to be addressed in a future commit. Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Link: https://reviews.llvm.org/D59441 Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-04-09bpf, libbpf: support global data/bss/rodata sectionsDaniel Borkmann1-0/+6
This work adds BPF loader support for global data sections to libbpf. This allows to write BPF programs in more natural C-like way by being able to define global variables and const data. Back at LPC 2018 [0] we presented a first prototype which implemented support for global data sections by extending BPF syscall where union bpf_attr would get additional memory/size pair for each section passed during prog load in order to later add this base address into the ldimm64 instruction along with the user provided offset when accessing a variable. Consensus from LPC was that for proper upstream support, it would be more desirable to use maps instead of bpf_attr extension as this would allow for introspection of these sections as well as potential live updates of their content. This work follows this path by taking the following steps from loader side: 1) In bpf_object__elf_collect() step we pick up ".data", ".rodata", and ".bss" section information. 2) If present, in bpf_object__init_internal_map() we add maps to the obj's map array that corresponds to each of the present sections. Given section size and access properties can differ, a single entry array map is created with value size that is corresponding to the ELF section size of .data, .bss or .rodata. These internal maps are integrated into the normal map handling of libbpf such that when user traverses all obj maps, they can be differentiated from user-created ones via bpf_map__is_internal(). In later steps when we actually create these maps in the kernel via bpf_object__create_maps(), then for .data and .rodata sections their content is copied into the map through bpf_map_update_elem(). For .bss this is not necessary since array map is already zero-initialized by default. Additionally, for .rodata the map is frozen as read-only after setup, such that neither from program nor syscall side writes would be possible. 3) In bpf_program__collect_reloc() step, we record the corresponding map, insn index, and relocation type for the global data. 4) And last but not least in the actual relocation step in bpf_program__relocate(), we mark the ldimm64 instruction with src_reg = BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_VALUE where in the first imm field the map's file descriptor is stored as similarly done as in BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD, and in the second imm field (as ldimm64 is 2-insn wide) we store the access offset into the section. Given these maps have only single element ldimm64's off remains zero in both parts. 5) On kernel side, this special marked BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_VALUE load will then store the actual target address in order to have a 'map-lookup'-free access. That is, the actual map value base address + offset. The destination register in the verifier will then be marked as PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE, containing the fixed offset as reg->off and backing BPF map as reg->map_ptr. Meaning, it's treated as any other normal map value from verification side, only with efficient, direct value access instead of actual call to map lookup helper as in the typical case. Currently, only support for static global variables has been added, and libbpf rejects non-static global variables from loading. This can be lifted until we have proper semantics for how BPF will treat multi-object BPF loads. From BTF side, libbpf will set the value type id of the types corresponding to the ".bss", ".data" and ".rodata" names which LLVM will emit without the object name prefix. The key type will be left as zero, thus making use of the key-less BTF option in array maps. Simple example dump of program using globals vars in each section: # bpftool prog [...] 6784: sched_cls name load_static_dat tag a7e1291567277844 gpl loaded_at 2019-03-11T15:39:34+0000 uid 0 xlated 1776B jited 993B memlock 4096B map_ids 2238,2237,2235,2236,2239,2240 # bpftool map show id 2237 2237: array name test_glo.bss flags 0x0 key 4B value 64B max_entries 1 memlock 4096B # bpftool map show id 2235 2235: array name test_glo.data flags 0x0 key 4B value 64B max_entries 1 memlock 4096B # bpftool map show id 2236 2236: array name test_glo.rodata flags 0x80 key 4B value 96B max_entries 1 memlock 4096B # bpftool prog dump xlated id 6784 int load_static_data(struct __sk_buff * skb): ; int load_static_data(struct __sk_buff *skb) 0: (b7) r6 = 0 ; test_reloc(number, 0, &num0); 1: (63) *(u32 *)(r10 -4) = r6 2: (bf) r2 = r10 ; int load_static_data(struct __sk_buff *skb) 3: (07) r2 += -4 ; test_reloc(number, 0, &num0); 4: (18) r1 = map[id:2238] 6: (18) r3 = map[id:2237][0]+0 <-- direct addr in .bss area 8: (b7) r4 = 0 9: (85) call array_map_update_elem#100464 10: (b7) r1 = 1 ; test_reloc(number, 1, &num1); [...] ; test_reloc(string, 2, str2); 120: (18) r8 = map[id:2237][0]+16 <-- same here at offset +16 122: (18) r1 = map[id:2239] 124: (18) r3 = map[id:2237][0]+16 126: (b7) r4 = 0 127: (85) call array_map_update_elem#100464 128: (b7) r1 = 120 ; str1[5] = 'x'; 129: (73) *(u8 *)(r9 +5) = r1 ; test_reloc(string, 3, str1); 130: (b7) r1 = 3 131: (63) *(u32 *)(r10 -4) = r1 132: (b7) r9 = 3 133: (bf) r2 = r10 ; int load_static_data(struct __sk_buff *skb) 134: (07) r2 += -4 ; test_reloc(string, 3, str1); 135: (18) r1 = map[id:2239] 137: (18) r3 = map[id:2235][0]+16 <-- direct addr in .data area 139: (b7) r4 = 0 140: (85) call array_map_update_elem#100464 141: (b7) r1 = 111 ; __builtin_memcpy(&str2[2], "hello", sizeof("hello")); 142: (73) *(u8 *)(r8 +6) = r1 <-- further access based on .bss data 143: (b7) r1 = 108 144: (73) *(u8 *)(r8 +5) = r1 [...] For Cilium use-case in particular, this enables migrating configuration constants from Cilium daemon's generated header defines into global data sections such that expensive runtime recompilations with LLVM can be avoided altogether. Instead, the ELF file becomes effectively a "template", meaning, it is compiled only once (!) and the Cilium daemon will then rewrite relevant configuration data from the ELF's .data or .rodata sections directly instead of recompiling the program. The updated ELF is then loaded into the kernel and atomically replaces the existing program in the networking datapath. More info in [0]. Based upon recent fix in LLVM, commit c0db6b6bd444 ("[BPF] Don't fail for static variables"). [0] LPC 2018, BPF track, "ELF relocation for static data in BPF", http://vger.kernel.org/lpc-bpf2018.html#session-3 Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-03-19tools lib bpf: Introduce bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear()Song Liu1-0/+3
Currently, bpf_prog_info includes 9 arrays. The user has the option to fetch any combination of these arrays. However, this requires a lot of handling. This work becomes more tricky when we need to store bpf_prog_info to a file, because these arrays are allocated independently. This patch introduces 'struct bpf_prog_info_linear', which stores arrays of bpf_prog_info in continuous memory. Helper functions are introduced to unify the work to get different sets of bpf_prog_info. Specifically, bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear() allows the user to select which arrays to fetch, and handles details for the user. Please see the comments right before 'enum bpf_prog_info_array' for more details and examples. Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/ce92c091-e80d-a0c1-4aa0-987706c42b20@iogearbox.net Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Cc: kernel-team@fb.com Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190312053051.2690567-3-songliubraving@fb.com Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
2019-02-25libbpf: add support for using AF_XDP socketsMagnus Karlsson1-0/+6
This commit adds AF_XDP support to libbpf. The main reason for this is to facilitate writing applications that use AF_XDP by offering higher-level APIs that hide many of the details of the AF_XDP uapi. This is in the same vein as libbpf facilitates XDP adoption by offering easy-to-use higher level interfaces of XDP functionality. Hopefully this will facilitate adoption of AF_XDP, make applications using it simpler and smaller, and finally also make it possible for applications to benefit from optimizations in the AF_XDP user space access code. Previously, people just copied and pasted the code from the sample application into their application, which is not desirable. The interface is composed of two parts: * Low-level access interface to the four rings and the packet * High-level control plane interface for creating and setting up umems and af_xdp sockets as well as a simple XDP program. Tested-by: Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Magnus Karlsson <magnus.karlsson@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-02-15libbpf: Introduce bpf_object__btfAndrey Ignatov1-0/+1
Add new accessor for bpf_object to get opaque struct btf * from it. struct btf * is needed for all operations with BTF and it's present in bpf_object. The only thing missing is a way to get it. Example use-case is to get BTF key_type_id and value_type_id for a map in bpf_object. It can be done with btf__get_map_kv_tids() but that function requires struct btf *. Similar API can be added for struct btf_ext but no use-case for it yet. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-02-15libbpf: Introduce bpf_map__resizeAndrey Ignatov1-0/+1
Add bpf_map__resize() to change max_entries for a map. Quite often necessary map size is unknown at compile time and can be calculated only at run time. Currently the following approach is used to do so: * bpf_object__open_buffer() to open Elf file from a buffer; * bpf_object__find_map_by_name() to find relevant map; * bpf_map__def() to get map attributes and create struct bpf_create_map_attr from them; * update max_entries in bpf_create_map_attr; * bpf_create_map_xattr() to create new map with updated max_entries; * bpf_map__reuse_fd() to replace the map in bpf_object with newly created one. And after all this bpf_object can finally be loaded. The map will have new size. It 1) is quite a lot of steps; 2) doesn't take BTF into account. For "2)" even more steps should be made and some of them require changes to libbpf (e.g. to get struct btf * from bpf_object). Instead the whole problem can be solved by introducing simple bpf_map__resize() API that checks the map and sets new max_entries if the map is not loaded yet. So the new steps are: * bpf_object__open_buffer() to open Elf file from a buffer; * bpf_object__find_map_by_name() to find relevant map; * bpf_map__resize() to update max_entries. That's much simpler and works with BTF. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-02-08tools/bpf: remove btf__get_strings() superseded by raw data APIAndrii Nakryiko1-1/+0
Now that we have btf__get_raw_data() it's trivial for tests to iterate over all strings for testing purposes, which eliminates the need for btf__get_strings() API. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-02-08btf: expose API to work with raw btf_ext dataAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
This patch changes struct btf_ext to retain original data in sequential block of memory, which makes it possible to expose btf_ext__get_raw_data() interface similar to btf__get_raw_data(), allowing users of libbpf to get access to raw representation of .BTF.ext section. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-02-08btf: expose API to work with raw btf dataAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
This patch exposes new API btf__get_raw_data() that allows to get a copy of raw BTF data out of struct btf. This is useful for external programs that need to manipulate raw data, e.g., pahole using btf__dedup() to deduplicate BTF type info and then writing it back to file. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-02-08btf: separate btf creation and loadingAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
This change splits out previous btf__new functionality of constructing struct btf and loading it into kernel into two: - btf__new() just creates and initializes struct btf - btf__load() attempts to load existing struct btf into kernel btf__free will still close BTF fd, if it was ever loaded successfully into kernel. This change allows users of libbpf to manipulate BTF using its API, without the need to unnecessarily load it into kernel. One of the intended use cases is pahole, which will do DWARF to BTF conversion and then use libbpf to do type deduplication, while then handling ELF sections overwriting and other concerns on its own. Fixes: 2d3feca8c44f ("bpf: btf: print map dump and lookup with btf info") Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-02-05selftests/btf: add initial BTF dedup testsAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+2
This patch sets up a new kind of tests (BTF dedup tests) and tests few aspects of BTF dedup algorithm. More complete set of tests will come in follow up patches. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-02-05btf: add BTF types deduplication algorithmAndrii Nakryiko1-0/+1
This patch implements BTF types deduplication algorithm. It allows to greatly compress typical output of pahole's DWARF-to-BTF conversion or LLVM's compilation output by detecting and collapsing identical types emitted in isolation per compilation unit. Algorithm also resolves struct/union forward declarations into concrete BTF types representing referenced struct/union. If undesired, this resolution can be disabled through specifying corresponding options. Algorithm itself and its application to Linux kernel's BTF types is described in details at: https://facebookmicrosites.github.io/bpf/blog/2018/11/14/btf-enhancement.html Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
2019-02-04tools/bpf: implement libbpf btf__get_map_kv_tids() API functionYonghong Song1-0/+1
Currently, to get map key/value type id's, the macro BPF_ANNOTATE_KV_PAIR(<map_name>, <key_type>, <value_type>) needs to be defined in the bpf program for the corresponding map. During program/map loading time, the local static function bpf_map_find_btf_info() in libbpf.c is implemented to retrieve the key/value type ids given the map name. The patch refactored function bpf_map_find_btf_info() to create an API btf__get_map_kv_tids() which includes the bulk of implementation for the original function. The API btf__get_map_kv_tids() can be used by bcc, a JIT based bpf compilation system, which uses the same BPF_ANNOTATE_KV_PAIR to record map key/value types. Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-02-04tools/bpf: expose functions btf_ext__* as API functionsYonghong Song1-0/+6
The following set of functions, which manipulates .BTF.ext section, are exposed as API functions: . btf_ext__new . btf_ext__free . btf_ext__reloc_func_info . btf_ext__reloc_line_info . btf_ext__func_info_rec_size . btf_ext__line_info_rec_size These functions are useful for JIT based bpf codegen, e.g., bcc, to manipulate in-memory .BTF.ext sections. The signature of function btf_ext__reloc_func_info() is also changed to be the same as its definition in btf.c. Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
2019-02-01libbpf: Add a support for getting xdp prog id on ifindexMaciej Fijalkowski1-0/+1
Since we have a dedicated netlink attributes for xdp setup on a particular interface, it is now possible to retrieve the program id that is currently attached to the interface. The use case is targeted for sample xdp programs, which will store the program id just after loading bpf program onto iface. On shutdown, the sample will make sure that it can unload the program by querying again the iface and verifying that both program id's matches. Signed-off-by: Maciej Fijalkowski <maciej.fijalkowski@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>