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/*
 * linux/net/sunrpc/sched.c
 *
 * Scheduling for synchronous and asynchronous RPC requests.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1996 Olaf Kirch, <okir@monad.swb.de>
 *
 * TCP NFS related read + write fixes
 * (C) 1999 Dave Airlie, University of Limerick, Ireland <airlied@linux.ie>
 */

#include <linux/module.h>

#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mempool.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>

#include <linux/sunrpc/clnt.h>

#include "sunrpc.h"

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SUNRPC_DEBUG)
#define RPCDBG_FACILITY		RPCDBG_SCHED
#endif

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/sunrpc.h>

/*
 * RPC slabs and memory pools
 */
#define RPC_BUFFER_MAXSIZE	(2048)
#define RPC_BUFFER_POOLSIZE	(8)
#define RPC_TASK_POOLSIZE	(8)
static struct kmem_cache	*rpc_task_slabp __read_mostly;
static struct kmem_cache	*rpc_buffer_slabp __read_mostly;
static mempool_t	*rpc_task_mempool __read_mostly;
static mempool_t	*rpc_buffer_mempool __read_mostly;

static void			rpc_async_schedule(struct work_struct *);
static void			 rpc_release_task(struct rpc_task *task);
static void __rpc_queue_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t);

/*
 * RPC tasks sit here while waiting for conditions to improve.
 */
static struct rpc_wait_queue delay_queue;

/*
 * rpciod-related stuff
 */
struct workqueue_struct *rpciod_workqueue __read_mostly;
struct workqueue_struct *xprtiod_workqueue __read_mostly;

/*
 * Disable the timer for a given RPC task. Should be called with
 * queue->lock and bh_disabled in order to avoid races within
 * rpc_run_timer().
 */
static void
__rpc_disable_timer(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, struct rpc_task *task)
{
	if (task->tk_timeout == 0)
		return;
	dprintk("RPC: %5u disabling timer\n", task->tk_pid);
	task->tk_timeout = 0;
	list_del(&task->u.tk_wait.timer_list);
	if (list_empty(&queue->timer_list.list))
		del_timer(&queue->timer_list.timer);
}

static void
rpc_set_queue_timer(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, unsigned long expires)
{
	queue->timer_list.expires = expires;
	mod_timer(&queue->timer_list.timer, expires);
}

/*
 * Set up a timer for the current task.
 */
static void
__rpc_add_timer(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, struct rpc_task *task)
{
	if (!task->tk_timeout)
		return;

	dprintk("RPC: %5u setting alarm for %u ms\n",
		task->tk_pid, jiffies_to_msecs(task->tk_timeout));

	task->u.tk_wait.expires = jiffies + task->tk_timeout;
	if (list_empty(&queue->timer_list.list) || time_before(task->u.tk_wait.expires, queue->timer_list.expires))
		rpc_set_queue_timer(queue, task->u.tk_wait.expires);
	list_add(&task->u.tk_wait.timer_list, &queue->timer_list.list);
}

static void rpc_set_waitqueue_priority(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, int priority)
{
	if (queue->priority != priority) {
		queue->priority = priority;
		queue->nr = 1U << priority;
	}
}

static void rpc_reset_waitqueue_priority(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue)
{
	rpc_set_waitqueue_priority(queue, queue->maxpriority);
}

/*
 * Add a request to a queue list
 */
static void
__rpc_list_enqueue_task(struct list_head *q, struct rpc_task *task)
{
	struct rpc_task *t;

	list_for_each_entry(t, q, u.tk_wait.list) {
		if (t->tk_owner == task->tk_owner) {
			list_add_tail(&task->u.tk_wait.links,
					&t->u.tk_wait.links);
			/* Cache the queue head in task->u.tk_wait.list */
			task->u.tk_wait.list.next = q;
			task->u.tk_wait.list.prev = NULL;
			return;
		}
	}
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&task->u.tk_wait.links);
	list_add_tail(&task->u.tk_wait.list, q);
}

/*
 * Remove request from a queue list
 */
static void
__rpc_list_dequeue_task(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	struct list_head *q;
	struct rpc_task *t;

	if (task->u.tk_wait.list.prev == NULL) {
		list_del(&task->u.tk_wait.links);
		return;
	}
	if (!list_empty(&task->u.tk_wait.links)) {
		t = list_first_entry(&task->u.tk_wait.links,
				struct rpc_task,
				u.tk_wait.links);
		/* Assume __rpc_list_enqueue_task() cached the queue head */
		q = t->u.tk_wait.list.next;
		list_add_tail(&t->u.tk_wait.list, q);
		list_del(&task->u.tk_wait.links);
	}
	list_del(&task->u.tk_wait.list);
}

/*
 * Add new request to a priority queue.
 */
static void __rpc_add_wait_queue_priority(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue,
		struct rpc_task *task,
		unsigned char queue_priority)
{
	if (unlikely(queue_priority > queue->maxpriority))
		queue_priority = queue->maxpriority;
	__rpc_list_enqueue_task(&queue->tasks[queue_priority], task);
}

/*
 * Add new request to wait queue.
 *
 * Swapper tasks always get inserted at the head of the queue.
 * This should avoid many nasty memory deadlocks and hopefully
 * improve overall performance.
 * Everyone else gets appended to the queue to ensure proper FIFO behavior.
 */
static void __rpc_add_wait_queue(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue,
		struct rpc_task *task,
		unsigned char queue_priority)
{
	WARN_ON_ONCE(RPC_IS_QUEUED(task));
	if (RPC_IS_QUEUED(task))
		return;

	if (RPC_IS_PRIORITY(queue))
		__rpc_add_wait_queue_priority(queue, task, queue_priority);
	else if (RPC_IS_SWAPPER(task))
		list_add(&task->u.tk_wait.list, &queue->tasks[0]);
	else
		list_add_tail(&task->u.tk_wait.list, &queue->tasks[0]);
	task->tk_waitqueue = queue;
	queue->qlen++;
	/* barrier matches the read in rpc_wake_up_task_queue_locked() */
	smp_wmb();
	rpc_set_queued(task);

	dprintk("RPC: %5u added to queue %p \"%s\"\n",
			task->tk_pid, queue, rpc_qname(queue));
}

/*
 * Remove request from a priority queue.
 */
static void __rpc_remove_wait_queue_priority(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	__rpc_list_dequeue_task(task);
}

/*
 * Remove request from queue.
 * Note: must be called with spin lock held.
 */
static void __rpc_remove_wait_queue(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, struct rpc_task *task)
{
	__rpc_disable_timer(queue, task);
	if (RPC_IS_PRIORITY(queue))
		__rpc_remove_wait_queue_priority(task);
	else
		list_del(&task->u.tk_wait.list);
	queue->qlen--;
	dprintk("RPC: %5u removed from queue %p \"%s\"\n",
			task->tk_pid, queue, rpc_qname(queue));
}

static void __rpc_init_priority_wait_queue(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, const char *qname, unsigned char nr_queues)
{
	int i;

	spin_lock_init(&queue->lock);
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(queue->tasks); i++)
		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&queue->tasks[i]);
	queue->maxpriority = nr_queues - 1;
	rpc_reset_waitqueue_priority(queue);
	queue->qlen = 0;
	timer_setup(&queue->timer_list.timer, __rpc_queue_timer_fn, 0);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&queue->timer_list.list);
	rpc_assign_waitqueue_name(queue, qname);
}

void rpc_init_priority_wait_queue(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, const char *qname)
{
	__rpc_init_priority_wait_queue(queue, qname, RPC_NR_PRIORITY);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_init_priority_wait_queue);

void rpc_init_wait_queue(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, const char *qname)
{
	__rpc_init_priority_wait_queue(queue, qname, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_init_wait_queue);

void rpc_destroy_wait_queue(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue)
{
	del_timer_sync(&queue->timer_list.timer);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_destroy_wait_queue);

static int rpc_wait_bit_killable(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode)
{
	freezable_schedule_unsafe();
	if (signal_pending_state(mode, current))
		return -ERESTARTSYS;
	return 0;
}

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SUNRPC_DEBUG) || IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS)
static void rpc_task_set_debuginfo(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	static atomic_t rpc_pid;

	task->tk_pid = atomic_inc_return(&rpc_pid);
}
#else
static inline void rpc_task_set_debuginfo(struct rpc_task *task)
{
}
#endif

static void rpc_set_active(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	rpc_task_set_debuginfo(task);
	set_bit(RPC_TASK_ACTIVE, &task->tk_runstate);
	trace_rpc_task_begin(task, NULL);
}

/*
 * Mark an RPC call as having completed by clearing the 'active' bit
 * and then waking up all tasks that were sleeping.
 */
static int rpc_complete_task(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	void *m = &task->tk_runstate;
	wait_queue_head_t *wq = bit_waitqueue(m, RPC_TASK_ACTIVE);
	struct wait_bit_key k = __WAIT_BIT_KEY_INITIALIZER(m, RPC_TASK_ACTIVE);
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	trace_rpc_task_complete(task, NULL);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&wq->lock, flags);
	clear_bit(RPC_TASK_ACTIVE, &task->tk_runstate);
	ret = atomic_dec_and_test(&task->tk_count);
	if (waitqueue_active(wq))
		__wake_up_locked_key(wq, TASK_NORMAL, &k);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&wq->lock, flags);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Allow callers to wait for completion of an RPC call
 *
 * Note the use of out_of_line_wait_on_bit() rather than wait_on_bit()
 * to enforce taking of the wq->lock and hence avoid races with
 * rpc_complete_task().
 */
int __rpc_wait_for_completion_task(struct rpc_task *task, wait_bit_action_f *action)
{
	if (action == NULL)
		action = rpc_wait_bit_killable;
	return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(&task->tk_runstate, RPC_TASK_ACTIVE,
			action, TASK_KILLABLE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__rpc_wait_for_completion_task);

/*
 * Make an RPC task runnable.
 *
 * Note: If the task is ASYNC, and is being made runnable after sitting on an
 * rpc_wait_queue, this must be called with the queue spinlock held to protect
 * the wait queue operation.
 * Note the ordering of rpc_test_and_set_running() and rpc_clear_queued(),
 * which is needed to ensure that __rpc_execute() doesn't loop (due to the
 * lockless RPC_IS_QUEUED() test) before we've had a chance to test
 * the RPC_TASK_RUNNING flag.
 */
static void rpc_make_runnable(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
		struct rpc_task *task)
{
	bool need_wakeup = !rpc_test_and_set_running(task);

	rpc_clear_queued(task);
	if (!need_wakeup)
		return;
	if (RPC_IS_ASYNC(task)) {
		INIT_WORK(&task->u.tk_work, rpc_async_schedule);
		queue_work(wq, &task->u.tk_work);
	} else
		wake_up_bit(&task->tk_runstate, RPC_TASK_QUEUED);
}

/*
 * Prepare for sleeping on a wait queue.
 * By always appending tasks to the list we ensure FIFO behavior.
 * NB: An RPC task will only receive interrupt-driven events as long
 * as it's on a wait queue.
 */
static void __rpc_sleep_on_priority(struct rpc_wait_queue *q,
		struct rpc_task *task,
		rpc_action action,
		unsigned char queue_priority)
{
	dprintk("RPC: %5u sleep_on(queue \"%s\" time %lu)\n",
			task->tk_pid, rpc_qname(q), jiffies);

	trace_rpc_task_sleep(task, q);

	__rpc_add_wait_queue(q, task, queue_priority);

	WARN_ON_ONCE(task->tk_callback != NULL);
	task->tk_callback = action;
	__rpc_add_timer(q, task);
}

void rpc_sleep_on(struct rpc_wait_queue *q, struct rpc_task *task,
				rpc_action action)
{
	/* We shouldn't ever put an inactive task to sleep */
	WARN_ON_ONCE(!RPC_IS_ACTIVATED(task));
	if (!RPC_IS_ACTIVATED(task)) {
		task->tk_status = -EIO;
		rpc_put_task_async(task);
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * Protect the queue operations.
	 */
	spin_lock_bh(&q->lock);
	__rpc_sleep_on_priority(q, task, action, task->tk_priority);
	spin_unlock_bh(&q->lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_sleep_on);

void rpc_sleep_on_priority(struct rpc_wait_queue *q, struct rpc_task *task,
		rpc_action action, int priority)
{
	/* We shouldn't ever put an inactive task to sleep */
	WARN_ON_ONCE(!RPC_IS_ACTIVATED(task));
	if (!RPC_IS_ACTIVATED(task)) {
		task->tk_status = -EIO;
		rpc_put_task_async(task);
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * Protect the queue operations.
	 */
	spin_lock_bh(&q->lock);
	__rpc_sleep_on_priority(q, task, action, priority - RPC_PRIORITY_LOW);
	spin_unlock_bh(&q->lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_sleep_on_priority);

/**
 * __rpc_do_wake_up_task_on_wq - wake up a single rpc_task
 * @wq: workqueue on which to run task
 * @queue: wait queue
 * @task: task to be woken up
 *
 * Caller must hold queue->lock, and have cleared the task queued flag.
 */
static void __rpc_do_wake_up_task_on_wq(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
		struct rpc_wait_queue *queue,
		struct rpc_task *task)
{
	dprintk("RPC: %5u __rpc_wake_up_task (now %lu)\n",
			task->tk_pid, jiffies);

	/* Has the task been executed yet? If not, we cannot wake it up! */
	if (!RPC_IS_ACTIVATED(task)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "RPC: Inactive task (%p) being woken up!\n", task);
		return;
	}

	trace_rpc_task_wakeup(task, queue);

	__rpc_remove_wait_queue(queue, task);

	rpc_make_runnable(wq, task);

	dprintk("RPC:       __rpc_wake_up_task done\n");
}

/*
 * Wake up a queued task while the queue lock is being held
 */
static struct rpc_task *
rpc_wake_up_task_on_wq_queue_action_locked(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
		struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, struct rpc_task *task,
		bool (*action)(struct rpc_task *, void *), void *data)
{
	if (RPC_IS_QUEUED(task)) {
		smp_rmb();
		if (task->tk_waitqueue == queue) {
			if (action == NULL || action(task, data)) {
				__rpc_do_wake_up_task_on_wq(wq, queue, task);
				return task;
			}
		}
	}
	return NULL;
}

static void
rpc_wake_up_task_on_wq_queue_locked(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
		struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, struct rpc_task *task)
{
	rpc_wake_up_task_on_wq_queue_action_locked(wq, queue, task, NULL, NULL);
}

/*
 * Wake up a queued task while the queue lock is being held
 */
static void rpc_wake_up_task_queue_locked(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, struct rpc_task *task)
{
	rpc_wake_up_task_on_wq_queue_locked(rpciod_workqueue, queue, task);
}

/*
 * Wake up a task on a specific queue
 */
void rpc_wake_up_queued_task_on_wq(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
		struct rpc_wait_queue *queue,
		struct rpc_task *task)
{
	if (!RPC_IS_QUEUED(task))
		return;
	spin_lock_bh(&queue->lock);
	rpc_wake_up_task_on_wq_queue_locked(wq, queue, task);
	spin_unlock_bh(&queue->lock);
}

/*
 * Wake up a task on a specific queue
 */
void rpc_wake_up_queued_task(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, struct rpc_task *task)
{
	if (!RPC_IS_QUEUED(task))
		return;
	spin_lock_bh(&queue->lock);
	rpc_wake_up_task_queue_locked(queue, task);
	spin_unlock_bh(&queue->lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_wake_up_queued_task);

static bool rpc_task_action_set_status(struct rpc_task *task, void *status)
{
	task->tk_status = *(int *)status;
	return true;
}

static void
rpc_wake_up_task_queue_set_status_locked(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue,
		struct rpc_task *task, int status)
{
	rpc_wake_up_task_on_wq_queue_action_locked(rpciod_workqueue, queue,
			task, rpc_task_action_set_status, &status);
}

/**
 * rpc_wake_up_queued_task_set_status - wake up a task and set task->tk_status
 * @queue: pointer to rpc_wait_queue
 * @task: pointer to rpc_task
 * @status: integer error value
 *
 * If @task is queued on @queue, then it is woken up, and @task->tk_status is
 * set to the value of @status.
 */
void
rpc_wake_up_queued_task_set_status(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue,
		struct rpc_task *task, int status)
{
	if (!RPC_IS_QUEUED(task))
		return;
	spin_lock_bh(&queue->lock);
	rpc_wake_up_task_queue_set_status_locked(queue, task, status);
	spin_unlock_bh(&queue->lock);
}

/*
 * Wake up the next task on a priority queue.
 */
static struct rpc_task *__rpc_find_next_queued_priority(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue)
{
	struct list_head *q;
	struct rpc_task *task;

	/*
	 * Service a batch of tasks from a single owner.
	 */
	q = &queue->tasks[queue->priority];
	if (!list_empty(q) && --queue->nr) {
		task = list_first_entry(q, struct rpc_task, u.tk_wait.list);
		goto out;
	}

	/*
	 * Service the next queue.
	 */
	do {
		if (q == &queue->tasks[0])
			q = &queue->tasks[queue->maxpriority];
		else
			q = q - 1;
		if (!list_empty(q)) {
			task = list_first_entry(q, struct rpc_task, u.tk_wait.list);
			goto new_queue;
		}
	} while (q != &queue->tasks[queue->priority]);

	rpc_reset_waitqueue_priority(queue);
	return NULL;

new_queue:
	rpc_set_waitqueue_priority(queue, (unsigned int)(q - &queue->tasks[0]));
out:
	return task;
}

static struct rpc_task *__rpc_find_next_queued(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue)
{
	if (RPC_IS_PRIORITY(queue))
		return __rpc_find_next_queued_priority(queue);
	if (!list_empty(&queue->tasks[0]))
		return list_first_entry(&queue->tasks[0], struct rpc_task, u.tk_wait.list);
	return NULL;
}

/*
 * Wake up the first task on the wait queue.
 */
struct rpc_task *rpc_wake_up_first_on_wq(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
		struct rpc_wait_queue *queue,
		bool (*func)(struct rpc_task *, void *), void *data)
{
	struct rpc_task	*task = NULL;

	dprintk("RPC:       wake_up_first(%p \"%s\")\n",
			queue, rpc_qname(queue));
	spin_lock_bh(&queue->lock);
	task = __rpc_find_next_queued(queue);
	if (task != NULL)
		task = rpc_wake_up_task_on_wq_queue_action_locked(wq, queue,
				task, func, data);
	spin_unlock_bh(&queue->lock);

	return task;
}

/*
 * Wake up the first task on the wait queue.
 */
struct rpc_task *rpc_wake_up_first(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue,
		bool (*func)(struct rpc_task *, void *), void *data)
{
	return rpc_wake_up_first_on_wq(rpciod_workqueue, queue, func, data);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_wake_up_first);

static bool rpc_wake_up_next_func(struct rpc_task *task, void *data)
{
	return true;
}

/*
 * Wake up the next task on the wait queue.
*/
struct rpc_task *rpc_wake_up_next(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue)
{
	return rpc_wake_up_first(queue, rpc_wake_up_next_func, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_wake_up_next);

/**
 * rpc_wake_up - wake up all rpc_tasks
 * @queue: rpc_wait_queue on which the tasks are sleeping
 *
 * Grabs queue->lock
 */
void rpc_wake_up(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue)
{
	struct list_head *head;

	spin_lock_bh(&queue->lock);
	head = &queue->tasks[queue->maxpriority];
	for (;;) {
		while (!list_empty(head)) {
			struct rpc_task *task;
			task = list_first_entry(head,
					struct rpc_task,
					u.tk_wait.list);
			rpc_wake_up_task_queue_locked(queue, task);
		}
		if (head == &queue->tasks[0])
			break;
		head--;
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&queue->lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_wake_up);

/**
 * rpc_wake_up_status - wake up all rpc_tasks and set their status value.
 * @queue: rpc_wait_queue on which the tasks are sleeping
 * @status: status value to set
 *
 * Grabs queue->lock
 */
void rpc_wake_up_status(struct rpc_wait_queue *queue, int status)
{
	struct list_head *head;

	spin_lock_bh(&queue->lock);
	head = &queue->tasks[queue->maxpriority];
	for (;;) {
		while (!list_empty(head)) {
			struct rpc_task *task;
			task = list_first_entry(head,
					struct rpc_task,
					u.tk_wait.list);
			task->tk_status = status;
			rpc_wake_up_task_queue_locked(queue, task);
		}
		if (head == &queue->tasks[0])
			break;
		head--;
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&queue->lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_wake_up_status);

static void __rpc_queue_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t)
{
	struct rpc_wait_queue *queue = from_timer(queue, t, timer_list.timer);
	struct rpc_task *task, *n;
	unsigned long expires, now, timeo;

	spin_lock(&queue->lock);
	expires = now = jiffies;
	list_for_each_entry_safe(task, n, &queue->timer_list.list, u.tk_wait.timer_list) {
		timeo = task->u.tk_wait.expires;
		if (time_after_eq(now, timeo)) {
			dprintk("RPC: %5u timeout\n", task->tk_pid);
			task->tk_status = -ETIMEDOUT;
			rpc_wake_up_task_queue_locked(queue, task);
			continue;
		}
		if (expires == now || time_after(expires, timeo))
			expires = timeo;
	}
	if (!list_empty(&queue->timer_list.list))
		rpc_set_queue_timer(queue, expires);
	spin_unlock(&queue->lock);
}

static void __rpc_atrun(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	if (task->tk_status == -ETIMEDOUT)
		task->tk_status = 0;
}

/*
 * Run a task at a later time
 */
void rpc_delay(struct rpc_task *task, unsigned long delay)
{
	task->tk_timeout = delay;
	rpc_sleep_on(&delay_queue, task, __rpc_atrun);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_delay);

/*
 * Helper to call task->tk_ops->rpc_call_prepare
 */
void rpc_prepare_task(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	task->tk_ops->rpc_call_prepare(task, task->tk_calldata);
}

static void
rpc_init_task_statistics(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	/* Initialize retry counters */
	task->tk_garb_retry = 2;
	task->tk_cred_retry = 2;
	task->tk_rebind_retry = 2;

	/* starting timestamp */
	task->tk_start = ktime_get();
}

static void
rpc_reset_task_statistics(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	task->tk_timeouts = 0;
	task->tk_flags &= ~(RPC_CALL_MAJORSEEN|RPC_TASK_KILLED|RPC_TASK_SENT);

	rpc_init_task_statistics(task);
}

/*
 * Helper that calls task->tk_ops->rpc_call_done if it exists
 */
void rpc_exit_task(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	task->tk_action = NULL;
	if (task->tk_ops->rpc_call_done != NULL) {
		task->tk_ops->rpc_call_done(task, task->tk_calldata);
		if (task->tk_action != NULL) {
			WARN_ON(RPC_ASSASSINATED(task));
			/* Always release the RPC slot and buffer memory */
			xprt_release(task);
			rpc_reset_task_statistics(task);
		}
	}
}

void rpc_exit(struct rpc_task *task, int status)
{
	task->tk_status = status;
	task->tk_action = rpc_exit_task;
	if (RPC_IS_QUEUED(task))
		rpc_wake_up_queued_task(task->tk_waitqueue, task);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_exit);

void rpc_release_calldata(const struct rpc_call_ops *ops, void *calldata)
{
	if (ops->rpc_release != NULL)
		ops->rpc_release(calldata);
}

/*
 * This is the RPC `scheduler' (or rather, the finite state machine).
 */
static void __rpc_execute(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	struct rpc_wait_queue *queue;
	int task_is_async = RPC_IS_ASYNC(task);
	int status = 0;

	dprintk("RPC: %5u __rpc_execute flags=0x%x\n",
			task->tk_pid, task->tk_flags);

	WARN_ON_ONCE(RPC_IS_QUEUED(task));
	if (RPC_IS_QUEUED(task))
		return;

	for (;;) {
		void (*do_action)(struct rpc_task *);

		/*
		 * Perform the next FSM step or a pending callback.
		 *
		 * tk_action may be NULL if the task has been killed.
		 * In particular, note that rpc_killall_tasks may
		 * do this at any time, so beware when dereferencing.
		 */
		do_action = task->tk_action;
		if (task->tk_callback) {
			do_action = task->tk_callback;
			task->tk_callback = NULL;
		}
		if (!do_action)
			break;
		trace_rpc_task_run_action(task, do_action);
		do_action(task);

		/*
		 * Lockless check for whether task is sleeping or not.
		 */
		if (!RPC_IS_QUEUED(task))
			continue;
		/*
		 * The queue->lock protects against races with
		 * rpc_make_runnable().
		 *
		 * Note that once we clear RPC_TASK_RUNNING on an asynchronous
		 * rpc_task, rpc_make_runnable() can assign it to a
		 * different workqueue. We therefore cannot assume that the
		 * rpc_task pointer may still be dereferenced.
		 */
		queue = task->tk_waitqueue;
		spin_lock_bh(&queue->lock);
		if (!RPC_IS_QUEUED(task)) {
			spin_unlock_bh(&queue->lock);
			continue;
		}
		rpc_clear_running(task);
		spin_unlock_bh(&queue->lock);
		if (task_is_async)
			return;

		/* sync task: sleep here */
		dprintk("RPC: %5u sync task going to sleep\n", task->tk_pid);
		status = out_of_line_wait_on_bit(&task->tk_runstate,
				RPC_TASK_QUEUED, rpc_wait_bit_killable,
				TASK_KILLABLE);
		if (status == -ERESTARTSYS) {
			/*
			 * When a sync task receives a signal, it exits with
			 * -ERESTARTSYS. In order to catch any callbacks that
			 * clean up after sleeping on some queue, we don't
			 * break the loop here, but go around once more.
			 */
			dprintk("RPC: %5u got signal\n", task->tk_pid);
			task->tk_flags |= RPC_TASK_KILLED;
			rpc_exit(task, -ERESTARTSYS);
		}
		dprintk("RPC: %5u sync task resuming\n", task->tk_pid);
	}

	dprintk("RPC: %5u return %d, status %d\n", task->tk_pid, status,
			task->tk_status);
	/* Release all resources associated with the task */
	rpc_release_task(task);
}

/*
 * User-visible entry point to the scheduler.
 *
 * This may be called recursively if e.g. an async NFS task updates
 * the attributes and finds that dirty pages must be flushed.
 * NOTE: Upon exit of this function the task is guaranteed to be
 *	 released. In particular note that tk_release() will have
 *	 been called, so your task memory may have been freed.
 */
void rpc_execute(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	bool is_async = RPC_IS_ASYNC(task);

	rpc_set_active(task);
	rpc_make_runnable(rpciod_workqueue, task);
	if (!is_async)
		__rpc_execute(task);
}

static void rpc_async_schedule(struct work_struct *work)
{
	__rpc_execute(container_of(work, struct rpc_task, u.tk_work));
}

/**
 * rpc_malloc - allocate RPC buffer resources
 * @task: RPC task
 *
 * A single memory region is allocated, which is split between the
 * RPC call and RPC reply that this task is being used for. When
 * this RPC is retired, the memory is released by calling rpc_free.
 *
 * To prevent rpciod from hanging, this allocator never sleeps,
 * returning -ENOMEM and suppressing warning if the request cannot
 * be serviced immediately. The caller can arrange to sleep in a
 * way that is safe for rpciod.
 *
 * Most requests are 'small' (under 2KiB) and can be serviced from a
 * mempool, ensuring that NFS reads and writes can always proceed,
 * and that there is good locality of reference for these buffers.
 *
 * In order to avoid memory starvation triggering more writebacks of
 * NFS requests, we avoid using GFP_KERNEL.
 */
int rpc_malloc(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	struct rpc_rqst *rqst = task->tk_rqstp;
	size_t size = rqst->rq_callsize + rqst->rq_rcvsize;
	struct rpc_buffer *buf;
	gfp_t gfp = GFP_NOIO | __GFP_NOWARN;

	if (RPC_IS_SWAPPER(task))
		gfp = __GFP_MEMALLOC | GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN;

	size += sizeof(struct rpc_buffer);
	if (size <= RPC_BUFFER_MAXSIZE)
		buf = mempool_alloc(rpc_buffer_mempool, gfp);
	else
		buf = kmalloc(size, gfp);

	if (!buf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	buf->len = size;
	dprintk("RPC: %5u allocated buffer of size %zu at %p\n",
			task->tk_pid, size, buf);
	rqst->rq_buffer = buf->data;
	rqst->rq_rbuffer = (char *)rqst->rq_buffer + rqst->rq_callsize;
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_malloc);

/**
 * rpc_free - free RPC buffer resources allocated via rpc_malloc
 * @task: RPC task
 *
 */
void rpc_free(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	void *buffer = task->tk_rqstp->rq_buffer;
	size_t size;
	struct rpc_buffer *buf;

	buf = container_of(buffer, struct rpc_buffer, data);
	size = buf->len;

	dprintk("RPC:       freeing buffer of size %zu at %p\n",
			size, buf);

	if (size <= RPC_BUFFER_MAXSIZE)
		mempool_free(buf, rpc_buffer_mempool);
	else
		kfree(buf);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_free);

/*
 * Creation and deletion of RPC task structures
 */
static void rpc_init_task(struct rpc_task *task, const struct rpc_task_setup *task_setup_data)
{
	memset(task, 0, sizeof(*task));
	atomic_set(&task->tk_count, 1);
	task->tk_flags  = task_setup_data->flags;
	task->tk_ops = task_setup_data->callback_ops;
	task->tk_calldata = task_setup_data->callback_data;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&task->tk_task);

	task->tk_priority = task_setup_data->priority - RPC_PRIORITY_LOW;
	task->tk_owner = current->tgid;

	/* Initialize workqueue for async tasks */
	task->tk_workqueue = task_setup_data->workqueue;

	task->tk_xprt = xprt_get(task_setup_data->rpc_xprt);

	task->tk_op_cred = get_rpccred(task_setup_data->rpc_op_cred);

	if (task->tk_ops->rpc_call_prepare != NULL)
		task->tk_action = rpc_prepare_task;

	rpc_init_task_statistics(task);

	dprintk("RPC:       new task initialized, procpid %u\n",
				task_pid_nr(current));
}

static struct rpc_task *
rpc_alloc_task(void)
{
	return (struct rpc_task *)mempool_alloc(rpc_task_mempool, GFP_NOIO);
}

/*
 * Create a new task for the specified client.
 */
struct rpc_task *rpc_new_task(const struct rpc_task_setup *setup_data)
{
	struct rpc_task	*task = setup_data->task;
	unsigned short flags = 0;

	if (task == NULL) {
		task = rpc_alloc_task();
		flags = RPC_TASK_DYNAMIC;
	}

	rpc_init_task(task, setup_data);
	task->tk_flags |= flags;
	dprintk("RPC:       allocated task %p\n", task);
	return task;
}

/*
 * rpc_free_task - release rpc task and perform cleanups
 *
 * Note that we free up the rpc_task _after_ rpc_release_calldata()
 * in order to work around a workqueue dependency issue.
 *
 * Tejun Heo states:
 * "Workqueue currently considers two work items to be the same if they're
 * on the same address and won't execute them concurrently - ie. it
 * makes a work item which is queued again while being executed wait
 * for the previous execution to complete.
 *
 * If a work function frees the work item, and then waits for an event
 * which should be performed by another work item and *that* work item
 * recycles the freed work item, it can create a false dependency loop.
 * There really is no reliable way to detect this short of verifying
 * every memory free."
 *
 */
static void rpc_free_task(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	unsigned short tk_flags = task->tk_flags;

	put_rpccred(task->tk_op_cred);
	rpc_release_calldata(task->tk_ops, task->tk_calldata);

	if (tk_flags & RPC_TASK_DYNAMIC) {
		dprintk("RPC: %5u freeing task\n", task->tk_pid);
		mempool_free(task, rpc_task_mempool);
	}
}

static void rpc_async_release(struct work_struct *work)
{
	rpc_free_task(container_of(work, struct rpc_task, u.tk_work));
}

static void rpc_release_resources_task(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	xprt_release(task);
	if (task->tk_msg.rpc_cred) {
		put_rpccred(task->tk_msg.rpc_cred);
		task->tk_msg.rpc_cred = NULL;
	}
	rpc_task_release_client(task);
}

static void rpc_final_put_task(struct rpc_task *task,
		struct workqueue_struct *q)
{
	if (q != NULL) {
		INIT_WORK(&task->u.tk_work, rpc_async_release);
		queue_work(q, &task->u.tk_work);
	} else
		rpc_free_task(task);
}

static void rpc_do_put_task(struct rpc_task *task, struct workqueue_struct *q)
{
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&task->tk_count)) {
		rpc_release_resources_task(task);
		rpc_final_put_task(task, q);
	}
}

void rpc_put_task(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	rpc_do_put_task(task, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_put_task);

void rpc_put_task_async(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	rpc_do_put_task(task, task->tk_workqueue);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rpc_put_task_async);

static void rpc_release_task(struct rpc_task *task)
{
	dprintk("RPC: %5u release task\n", task->tk_pid);

	WARN_ON_ONCE(RPC_IS_QUEUED(task));

	rpc_release_resources_task(task);

	/*
	 * Note: at this point we have been removed from rpc_clnt->cl_tasks,
	 * so it should be safe to use task->tk_count as a test for whether
	 * or not any other processes still hold references to our rpc_task.
	 */
	if (atomic_read(&task->tk_count) != 1 + !RPC_IS_ASYNC(task)) {
		/* Wake up anyone who may be waiting for task completion */
		if (!rpc_complete_task(task))
			return;
	} else {
		if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&task->tk_count))
			return;
	}
	rpc_final_put_task(task, task->tk_workqueue);
}

int rpciod_up(void)
{
	return try_module_get(THIS_MODULE) ? 0 : -EINVAL;
}

void rpciod_down(void)
{
	module_put(THIS_MODULE);
}

/*
 * Start up the rpciod workqueue.
 */
static int rpciod_start(void)
{
	struct workqueue_struct *wq;

	/*
	 * Create the rpciod thread and wait for it to start.
	 */
	dprintk("RPC:       creating workqueue rpciod\n");
	wq = alloc_workqueue("rpciod", WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_UNBOUND, 0);
	if (!wq)
		goto out_failed;
	rpciod_workqueue = wq;
	/* Note: highpri because network receive is latency sensitive */
	wq = alloc_workqueue("xprtiod", WQ_UNBOUND|WQ_MEM_RECLAIM|WQ_HIGHPRI, 0);
	if (!wq)
		goto free_rpciod;
	xprtiod_workqueue = wq;
	return 1;
free_rpciod:
	wq = rpciod_workqueue;
	rpciod_workqueue = NULL;
	destroy_workqueue(wq);
out_failed:
	return 0;
}

static void rpciod_stop(void)
{
	struct workqueue_struct *wq = NULL;

	if (rpciod_workqueue == NULL)
		return;
	dprintk("RPC:       destroying workqueue rpciod\n");

	wq = rpciod_workqueue;
	rpciod_workqueue = NULL;
	destroy_workqueue(wq);
	wq = xprtiod_workqueue;
	xprtiod_workqueue = NULL;
	destroy_workqueue(wq);
}

void
rpc_destroy_mempool(void)
{
	rpciod_stop();
	mempool_destroy(rpc_buffer_mempool);
	mempool_destroy(rpc_task_mempool);
	kmem_cache_destroy(rpc_task_slabp);
	kmem_cache_destroy(rpc_buffer_slabp);
	rpc_destroy_wait_queue(&delay_queue);
}

int
rpc_init_mempool(void)
{
	/*
	 * The following is not strictly a mempool initialisation,
	 * but there is no harm in doing it here
	 */
	rpc_init_wait_queue(&delay_queue, "delayq");
	if (!rpciod_start())
		goto err_nomem;

	rpc_task_slabp = kmem_cache_create("rpc_tasks",
					     sizeof(struct rpc_task),
					     0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN,
					     NULL);
	if (!rpc_task_slabp)
		goto err_nomem;
	rpc_buffer_slabp = kmem_cache_create("rpc_buffers",
					     RPC_BUFFER_MAXSIZE,
					     0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN,
					     NULL);
	if (!rpc_buffer_slabp)
		goto err_nomem;
	rpc_task_mempool = mempool_create_slab_pool(RPC_TASK_POOLSIZE,
						    rpc_task_slabp);
	if (!rpc_task_mempool)
		goto err_nomem;
	rpc_buffer_mempool = mempool_create_slab_pool(RPC_BUFFER_POOLSIZE,
						      rpc_buffer_slabp);
	if (!rpc_buffer_mempool)
		goto err_nomem;
	return 0;
err_nomem:
	rpc_destroy_mempool();
	return -ENOMEM;
}