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2020-05-20wireguard: noise: separate receive counter from send counterJason A. Donenfeld1-7/+5
In "wireguard: queueing: preserve flow hash across packet scrubbing", we were required to slightly increase the size of the receive replay counter to something still fairly small, but an increase nonetheless. It turns out that we can recoup some of the additional memory overhead by splitting up the prior union type into two distinct types. Before, we used the same "noise_counter" union for both sending and receiving, with sending just using a simple atomic64_t, while receiving used the full replay counter checker. This meant that most of the memory being allocated for the sending counter was being wasted. Since the old "noise_counter" type increased in size in the prior commit, now is a good time to split up that union type into a distinct "noise_replay_ counter" for receiving and a boring atomic64_t for sending, each using neither more nor less memory than required. Also, since sometimes the replay counter is accessed without necessitating additional accesses to the bitmap, we can reduce cache misses by hoisting the always-necessary lock above the bitmap in the struct layout. We also change a "noise_replay_counter" stack allocation to kmalloc in a -DDEBUG selftest so that KASAN doesn't trigger a stack frame warning. All and all, removing a bit of abstraction in this commit makes the code simpler and smaller, in addition to the motivating memory usage recuperation. For example, passing around raw "noise_symmetric_key" structs is something that really only makes sense within noise.c, in the one place where the sending and receiving keys can safely be thought of as the same type of object; subsequent to that, it's important that we uniformly access these through keypair->{sending,receiving}, where their distinct roles are always made explicit. So this patch allows us to draw that distinction clearly as well. Fixes: e7096c131e51 ("net: WireGuard secure network tunnel") Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2020-05-20wireguard: queueing: preserve flow hash across packet scrubbingJason A. Donenfeld1-1/+6
It's important that we clear most header fields during encapsulation and decapsulation, because the packet is substantially changed, and we don't want any info leak or logic bug due to an accidental correlation. But, for encapsulation, it's wrong to clear skb->hash, since it's used by fq_codel and flow dissection in general. Without it, classification does not proceed as usual. This change might make it easier to estimate the number of innerflows by examining clustering of out of order packets, but this shouldn't open up anything that can't already be inferred otherwise (e.g. syn packet size inference), and fq_codel can be disabled anyway. Furthermore, it might be the case that the hash isn't used or queried at all until after wireguard transmits the encrypted UDP packet, which means skb->hash might still be zero at this point, and thus no hash taken over the inner packet data. In order to address this situation, we force a calculation of skb->hash before encrypting packet data. Of course this means that fq_codel might transmit packets slightly more out of order than usual. Toke did some testing on beefy machines with high quantities of parallel flows and found that increasing the reply-attack counter to 8192 takes care of the most pathological cases pretty well. Reported-by: Dave Taht <dave.taht@gmail.com> Reviewed-and-tested-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@toke.dk> Fixes: e7096c131e51 ("net: WireGuard secure network tunnel") Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2020-05-06wireguard: send/receive: use explicit unlikely branch instead of implicit coalescingJason A. Donenfeld1-9/+6
It's very unlikely that send will become true. It's nearly always false between 0 and 120 seconds of a session, and in most cases becomes true only between 120 and 121 seconds before becoming false again. So, unlikely(send) is clearly the right option here. What happened before was that we had this complex boolean expression with multiple likely and unlikely clauses nested. Since this is evaluated left-to-right anyway, the whole thing got converted to unlikely. So, we can clean this up to better represent what's going on. The generated code is the same. Suggested-by: Sultan Alsawaf <sultan@kerneltoast.com> Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2020-05-06wireguard: send/receive: cond_resched() when processing worker ringbuffersJason A. Donenfeld1-0/+4
Users with pathological hardware reported CPU stalls on CONFIG_ PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY=y, because the ringbuffers would stay full, meaning these workers would never terminate. That turned out not to be okay on systems without forced preemption, which Sultan observed. This commit adds a cond_resched() to the bottom of each loop iteration, so that these workers don't hog the core. Note that we don't need this on the napi poll worker, since that terminates after its budget is expended. Suggested-by: Sultan Alsawaf <sultan@kerneltoast.com> Reported-by: Wang Jian <larkwang@gmail.com> Fixes: e7096c131e51 ("net: WireGuard secure network tunnel") Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2020-04-29wireguard: send: remove errant newline from packet_encrypt_workerSultan Alsawaf1-1/+0
This commit removes a useless newline at the end of a scope, which doesn't add anything in the way of organization or readability. Signed-off-by: Sultan Alsawaf <sultan@kerneltoast.com> Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2020-02-16wireguard: send: account for mtu=0 devicesJason A. Donenfeld1-5/+11
It turns out there's an easy way to get packets queued up while still having an MTU of zero, and that's via persistent keep alive. This commit makes sure that in whatever condition, we don't wind up dividing by zero. Note that an MTU of zero for a wireguard interface is something quasi-valid, so I don't think the correct fix is to limit it via min_mtu. This can be reproduced easily with: ip link add wg0 type wireguard ip link add wg1 type wireguard ip link set wg0 up mtu 0 ip link set wg1 up wg set wg0 private-key <(wg genkey) wg set wg1 listen-port 1 private-key <(wg genkey) peer $(wg show wg0 public-key) wg set wg0 peer $(wg show wg1 public-key) persistent-keepalive 1 endpoint 127.0.0.1:1 However, while min_mtu=0 seems fine, it makes sense to restrict the max_mtu. This commit also restricts the maximum MTU to the greatest number for which rounding up to the padding multiple won't overflow a signed integer. Packets this large were always rejected anyway eventually, due to checks deeper in, but it seems more sound not to even let the administrator configure something that won't work anyway. We use this opportunity to clean up this function a bit so that it's clear which paths we're expecting. Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2019-12-08net: WireGuard secure network tunnelJason A. Donenfeld1-0/+413
WireGuard is a layer 3 secure networking tunnel made specifically for the kernel, that aims to be much simpler and easier to audit than IPsec. Extensive documentation and description of the protocol and considerations, along with formal proofs of the cryptography, are available at: * https://www.wireguard.com/ * https://www.wireguard.com/papers/wireguard.pdf This commit implements WireGuard as a simple network device driver, accessible in the usual RTNL way used by virtual network drivers. It makes use of the udp_tunnel APIs, GRO, GSO, NAPI, and the usual set of networking subsystem APIs. It has a somewhat novel multicore queueing system designed for maximum throughput and minimal latency of encryption operations, but it is implemented modestly using workqueues and NAPI. Configuration is done via generic Netlink, and following a review from the Netlink maintainer a year ago, several high profile userspace tools have already implemented the API. This commit also comes with several different tests, both in-kernel tests and out-of-kernel tests based on network namespaces, taking profit of the fact that sockets used by WireGuard intentionally stay in the namespace the WireGuard interface was originally created, exactly like the semantics of userspace tun devices. See wireguard.com/netns/ for pictures and examples. The source code is fairly short, but rather than combining everything into a single file, WireGuard is developed as cleanly separable files, making auditing and comprehension easier. Things are laid out as follows: * noise.[ch], cookie.[ch], messages.h: These implement the bulk of the cryptographic aspects of the protocol, and are mostly data-only in nature, taking in buffers of bytes and spitting out buffers of bytes. They also handle reference counting for their various shared pieces of data, like keys and key lists. * ratelimiter.[ch]: Used as an integral part of cookie.[ch] for ratelimiting certain types of cryptographic operations in accordance with particular WireGuard semantics. * allowedips.[ch], peerlookup.[ch]: The main lookup structures of WireGuard, the former being trie-like with particular semantics, an integral part of the design of the protocol, and the latter just being nice helper functions around the various hashtables we use. * device.[ch]: Implementation of functions for the netdevice and for rtnl, responsible for maintaining the life of a given interface and wiring it up to the rest of WireGuard. * peer.[ch]: Each interface has a list of peers, with helper functions available here for creation, destruction, and reference counting. * socket.[ch]: Implementation of functions related to udp_socket and the general set of kernel socket APIs, for sending and receiving ciphertext UDP packets, and taking care of WireGuard-specific sticky socket routing semantics for the automatic roaming. * netlink.[ch]: Userspace API entry point for configuring WireGuard peers and devices. The API has been implemented by several userspace tools and network management utility, and the WireGuard project distributes the basic wg(8) tool. * queueing.[ch]: Shared function on the rx and tx path for handling the various queues used in the multicore algorithms. * send.c: Handles encrypting outgoing packets in parallel on multiple cores, before sending them in order on a single core, via workqueues and ring buffers. Also handles sending handshake and cookie messages as part of the protocol, in parallel. * receive.c: Handles decrypting incoming packets in parallel on multiple cores, before passing them off in order to be ingested via the rest of the networking subsystem with GRO via the typical NAPI poll function. Also handles receiving handshake and cookie messages as part of the protocol, in parallel. * timers.[ch]: Uses the timer wheel to implement protocol particular event timeouts, and gives a set of very simple event-driven entry point functions for callers. * main.c, version.h: Initialization and deinitialization of the module. * selftest/*.h: Runtime unit tests for some of the most security sensitive functions. * tools/testing/selftests/wireguard/netns.sh: Aforementioned testing script using network namespaces. This commit aims to be as self-contained as possible, implementing WireGuard as a standalone module not needing much special handling or coordination from the network subsystem. I expect for future optimizations to the network stack to positively improve WireGuard, and vice-versa, but for the time being, this exists as intentionally standalone. We introduce a menu option for CONFIG_WIREGUARD, as well as providing a verbose debug log and self-tests via CONFIG_WIREGUARD_DEBUG. Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> Cc: linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>