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2020-03-21x86/mm: split vmalloc_sync_all()Joerg Roedel1-2/+24
Commit 3f8fd02b1bf1 ("mm/vmalloc: Sync unmappings in __purge_vmap_area_lazy()") introduced a call to vmalloc_sync_all() in the vunmap() code-path. While this change was necessary to maintain correctness on x86-32-pae kernels, it also adds additional cycles for architectures that don't need it. Specifically on x86-64 with CONFIG_VMAP_STACK=y some people reported severe performance regressions in micro-benchmarks because it now also calls the x86-64 implementation of vmalloc_sync_all() on vunmap(). But the vmalloc_sync_all() implementation on x86-64 is only needed for newly created mappings. To avoid the unnecessary work on x86-64 and to gain the performance back, split up vmalloc_sync_all() into two functions: * vmalloc_sync_mappings(), and * vmalloc_sync_unmappings() Most call-sites to vmalloc_sync_all() only care about new mappings being synchronized. The only exception is the new call-site added in the above mentioned commit. Shile Zhang directed us to a report of an 80% regression in reaim throughput. Fixes: 3f8fd02b1bf1 ("mm/vmalloc: Sync unmappings in __purge_vmap_area_lazy()") Reported-by: kernel test robot <oliver.sang@intel.com> Reported-by: Shile Zhang <shile.zhang@linux.alibaba.com> Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Tested-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> [GHES] Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191009124418.8286-1-joro@8bytes.org Link: https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/lkp@lists.01.org/thread/4D3JPPHBNOSPFK2KEPC6KGKS6J25AIDB/ Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191113095530.228959-1-shile.zhang@linux.alibaba.com Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-03-15Merge tag 'x86-urgent-2020-03-15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds2-6/+26
Pull x86 fixes from Thomas Gleixner: "Two fixes for x86: - Map EFI runtime service data as encrypted when SEV is enabled. Otherwise e.g. SMBIOS data cannot be properly decoded by dmidecode. - Remove the warning in the vector management code which triggered when a managed interrupt affinity changed outside of a CPU hotplug operation. The warning was correct until the recent core code change that introduced a CPU isolation feature which needs to migrate managed interrupts away from online CPUs under certain conditions to achieve the isolation" * tag 'x86-urgent-2020-03-15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/vector: Remove warning on managed interrupt migration x86/ioremap: Map EFI runtime services data as encrypted for SEV
2020-03-15Merge tag 'perf-urgent-2020-03-15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds1-10/+7
Pull perf fixes from Thomas Gleixner: "A pile of perf fixes: Kernel side: - AMD uncore driver: Replace the open coded sanity check with the core variant, which provides the correct error code and also leaves a hint in dmesg Tooling: - Fix the stdio input handling with glibc versions >= 2.28 - Unbreak the futex-wake benchmark which was reduced to 0 test threads due to the conversion to cpumaps - Initialize sigaction structs before invoking sys_sigactio() - Plug the mapfile memory leak in perf jevents - Fix off by one relative directory includes - Fix an undefined string comparison in perf diff" * tag 'perf-urgent-2020-03-15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: perf/amd/uncore: Replace manual sampling check with CAP_NO_INTERRUPT flag tools: Fix off-by 1 relative directory includes perf jevents: Fix leak of mapfile memory perf bench: Clear struct sigaction before sigaction() syscall perf bench futex-wake: Restore thread count default to online CPU count perf top: Fix stdio interface input handling with glibc 2.28+ perf diff: Fix undefined string comparision spotted by clang's -Wstring-compare perf symbols: Don't try to find a vmlinux file when looking for kernel modules perf bench: Share some global variables to fix build with gcc 10 perf parse-events: Use asprintf() instead of strncpy() to read tracepoint files perf env: Do not return pointers to local variables perf tests bp_account: Make global variable static
2020-03-15Merge tag 'ras-urgent-2020-03-15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds2-6/+12
Pull RAS fixes from Thomas Gleixner: "Two RAS related fixes: - Shut down the per CPU thermal throttling poll work properly when a CPU goes offline. The missing shutdown caused the poll work to be migrated to a unbound worker which triggered warnings about the usage of smp_processor_id() in preemptible context - Fix the PPIN feature initialization which missed to enable the functionality when PPIN_CTL was enabled but the MSR locked against updates" * tag 'ras-urgent-2020-03-15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/mce: Fix logic and comments around MSR_PPIN_CTL x86/mce/therm_throt: Undo thermal polling properly on CPU offline
2020-03-14Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvmLinus Torvalds8-12/+31
Pull kvm fixes from Paolo Bonzini: "Bugfixes for x86 and s390" * tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: KVM: nVMX: avoid NULL pointer dereference with incorrect EVMCS GPAs KVM: x86: Initializing all kvm_lapic_irq fields in ioapic_write_indirect KVM: VMX: Condition ENCLS-exiting enabling on CPU support for SGX1 KVM: s390: Also reset registers in sync regs for initial cpu reset KVM: fix Kconfig menu text for -Werror KVM: x86: remove stale comment from struct x86_emulate_ctxt KVM: x86: clear stale x86_emulate_ctxt->intercept value KVM: SVM: Fix the svm vmexit code for WRMSR KVM: X86: Fix dereference null cpufreq policy
2020-03-14Merge branch 'kvm-null-pointer-fix' into kvm-masterPaolo Bonzini1-2/+3
2020-03-14KVM: nVMX: avoid NULL pointer dereference with incorrect EVMCS GPAsVitaly Kuznetsov1-2/+3
When an EVMCS enabled L1 guest on KVM will tries doing enlightened VMEnter with EVMCS GPA = 0 the host crashes because the evmcs_gpa != vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr condition in nested_vmx_handle_enlightened_vmptrld() will evaluate to false (as nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr is zeroed after init). The crash will happen on vmx->nested.hv_evmcs pointer dereference. Another problematic EVMCS ptr value is '-1' but it only causes host crash after nested_release_evmcs() invocation. The problem is exactly the same as with '0', we mistakenly think that the EVMCS pointer hasn't changed and thus nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr is valid. Resolve the issue by adding an additional !vmx->nested.hv_evmcs check to nested_vmx_handle_enlightened_vmptrld(), this way we will always be trying kvm_vcpu_map() when nested.hv_evmcs is NULL and this is supposed to catch all invalid EVMCS GPAs. Also, initialize hv_evmcs_vmptr to '0' in nested_release_evmcs() to be consistent with initialization where we don't currently set hv_evmcs_vmptr to '-1'. Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-03-14KVM: x86: Initializing all kvm_lapic_irq fields in ioapic_write_indirectNitesh Narayan Lal1-2/+5
Previously all fields of structure kvm_lapic_irq were not initialized before it was passed to kvm_bitmap_or_dest_vcpus(). Which will cause an issue when any of those fields are used for processing a request. For example not initializing the msi_redir_hint field before passing to the kvm_bitmap_or_dest_vcpus(), may lead to a misbehavior of kvm_apic_map_get_dest_lapic(). This will specifically happen when the kvm_lowest_prio_delivery() returns TRUE due to a non-zero garbage value of msi_redir_hint, which should not happen as the request belongs to APIC fixed delivery mode and we do not want to deliver the interrupt only to the lowest priority candidate. This patch initializes all the fields of kvm_lapic_irq based on the values of ioapic redirect_entry object before passing it on to kvm_bitmap_or_dest_vcpus(). Fixes: 7ee30bc132c6 ("KVM: x86: deliver KVM IOAPIC scan request to target vCPUs") Signed-off-by: Nitesh Narayan Lal <nitesh@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> [Set level to false since the value doesn't really matter. Suggested by Vitaly Kuznetsov. - Paolo] Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-03-14KVM: VMX: Condition ENCLS-exiting enabling on CPU support for SGX1Sean Christopherson1-2/+14
Enable ENCLS-exiting (and thus set vmcs.ENCLS_EXITING_BITMAP) only if the CPU supports SGX1. Per Intel's SDM, all ENCLS leafs #UD if SGX1 is not supported[*], i.e. intercepting ENCLS to inject a #UD is unnecessary. Avoiding ENCLS-exiting even when it is reported as supported by the CPU works around a reported issue where SGX is "hard" disabled after an S3 suspend/resume cycle, i.e. CPUID.0x7.SGX=0 and the VMCS field/control are enumerated as unsupported. While the root cause of the S3 issue is unknown, it's definitely _not_ a KVM (or kernel) bug, i.e. this is a workaround for what is most likely a hardware or firmware issue. As a bonus side effect, KVM saves a VMWRITE when first preparing vmcs01 and vmcs02. Note, SGX must be disabled in BIOS to take advantage of this workaround [*] The additional ENCLS CPUID check on SGX1 exists so that SGX can be globally "soft" disabled post-reset, e.g. if #MC bits in MCi_CTL are cleared. Soft disabled meaning disabling SGX without clearing the primary CPUID bit (in leaf 0x7) and without poking into non-SGX CPU paths, e.g. for the VMCS controls. Fixes: 0b665d304028 ("KVM: vmx: Inject #UD for SGX ENCLS instruction in guest") Reported-by: Toni Spets <toni.spets@iki.fi> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-03-13x86/vector: Remove warning on managed interrupt migrationPeter Xu1-6/+8
The vector management code assumes that managed interrupts cannot be migrated away from an online CPU. free_moved_vector() has a WARN_ON_ONCE() which triggers when a managed interrupt vector association on a online CPU is cleared. The CPU offline code uses a different mechanism which cannot trigger this. This assumption is not longer correct because the new CPU isolation feature which affects the placement of managed interrupts must be able to move a managed interrupt away from an online CPU. There are two reasons why this can happen: 1) When the interrupt is activated the affinity mask which was established in irq_create_affinity_masks() is handed in to the vector allocation code. This mask contains all CPUs to which the interrupt can be made affine to, but this does not take the CPU isolation 'managed_irq' mask into account. When the interrupt is finally requested by the device driver then the affinity is checked again and the CPU isolation 'managed_irq' mask is taken into account, which moves the interrupt to a non-isolated CPU if possible. 2) The interrupt can be affine to an isolated CPU because the non-isolated CPUs in the calculated affinity mask are not online. Once a non-isolated CPU which is in the mask comes online the interrupt is migrated to this non-isolated CPU In both cases the regular online migration mechanism is used which triggers the WARN_ON_ONCE() in free_moved_vector(). Case #1 could have been addressed by taking the isolation mask into account, but that would require a massive code change in the activation logic and the eventual migration event was accepted as a reasonable tradeoff when the isolation feature was developed. But even if #1 would be addressed, #2 would still trigger it. Of course the warning in free_moved_vector() was overlooked at that time and the above two cases which have been discussed during patch review have obviously never been tested before the final submission. So keep it simple and remove the warning. [ tglx: Rewrote changelog and added a comment to free_moved_vector() ] Fixes: 11ea68f553e2 ("genirq, sched/isolation: Isolate from handling managed interrupts") Signed-off-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200312205830.81796-1-peterx@redhat.com
2020-03-12Merge branch 'linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6Linus Torvalds2-3/+9
Pull crypto fix from Herbert Xu: "Fix a build problem with x86/curve25519" * 'linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6: crypto: x86/curve25519 - support assemblers with no adx support
2020-03-12perf/amd/uncore: Replace manual sampling check with CAP_NO_INTERRUPT flagKim Phillips1-10/+7
Enable the sampling check in kernel/events/core.c::perf_event_open(), which returns the more appropriate -EOPNOTSUPP. BEFORE: $ sudo perf record -a -e instructions,l3_request_g1.caching_l3_cache_accesses true Error: The sys_perf_event_open() syscall returned with 22 (Invalid argument) for event (l3_request_g1.caching_l3_cache_accesses). /bin/dmesg | grep -i perf may provide additional information. With nothing relevant in dmesg. AFTER: $ sudo perf record -a -e instructions,l3_request_g1.caching_l3_cache_accesses true Error: l3_request_g1.caching_l3_cache_accesses: PMU Hardware doesn't support sampling/overflow-interrupts. Try 'perf stat' Fixes: c43ca5091a37 ("perf/x86/amd: Add support for AMD NB and L2I "uncore" counters") Signed-off-by: Kim Phillips <kim.phillips@amd.com> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200311191323.13124-1-kim.phillips@amd.com
2020-03-11x86/ioremap: Map EFI runtime services data as encrypted for SEVTom Lendacky1-0/+18
The dmidecode program fails to properly decode the SMBIOS data supplied by OVMF/UEFI when running in an SEV guest. The SMBIOS area, under SEV, is encrypted and resides in reserved memory that is marked as EFI runtime services data. As a result, when memremap() is attempted for the SMBIOS data, it can't be mapped as regular RAM (through try_ram_remap()) and, since the address isn't part of the iomem resources list, it isn't mapped encrypted through the fallback ioremap(). Add a new __ioremap_check_other() to deal with memory types like EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_DATA which are not covered by the resource ranges. This allows any runtime services data which has been created encrypted, to be mapped encrypted too. [ bp: Move functionality to a separate function. ] Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de> Tested-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 5.3 Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/2d9e16eb5b53dc82665c95c6764b7407719df7a0.1582645327.git.thomas.lendacky@amd.com
2020-03-05KVM: fix Kconfig menu text for -WerrorJason A. Donenfeld1-1/+1
This was evidently copy and pasted from the i915 driver, but the text wasn't updated. Fixes: 4f337faf1c55 ("KVM: allow disabling -Werror") Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-03-05crypto: x86/curve25519 - support assemblers with no adx supportJason A. Donenfeld2-3/+9
Some older version of GAS do not support the ADX instructions, similarly to how they also don't support AVX and such. This commit adds the same build-time detection mechanisms we use for AVX and others for ADX, and then makes sure that the curve25519 library dispatcher calls the right functions. Reported-by: Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu> Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
2020-03-03KVM: x86: remove stale comment from struct x86_emulate_ctxtVitaly Kuznetsov1-1/+0
Commit c44b4c6ab80e ("KVM: emulate: clean up initializations in init_decode_cache") did some field shuffling and instead of [opcode_len, _regs) started clearing [has_seg_override, modrm). The comment about clearing fields altogether is not true anymore. Fixes: c44b4c6ab80e ("KVM: emulate: clean up initializations in init_decode_cache") Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-03-03KVM: x86: clear stale x86_emulate_ctxt->intercept valueVitaly Kuznetsov1-0/+1
After commit 07721feee46b ("KVM: nVMX: Don't emulate instructions in guest mode") Hyper-V guests on KVM stopped booting with: kvm_nested_vmexit: rip fffff802987d6169 reason EPT_VIOLATION info1 181 info2 0 int_info 0 int_info_err 0 kvm_page_fault: address febd0000 error_code 181 kvm_emulate_insn: 0:fffff802987d6169: f3 a5 kvm_emulate_insn: 0:fffff802987d6169: f3 a5 FAIL kvm_inj_exception: #UD (0x0) "f3 a5" is a "rep movsw" instruction, which should not be intercepted at all. Commit c44b4c6ab80e ("KVM: emulate: clean up initializations in init_decode_cache") reduced the number of fields cleared by init_decode_cache() claiming that they are being cleared elsewhere, 'intercept', however, is left uncleared if the instruction does not have any of the "slow path" flags (NotImpl, Stack, Op3264, Sse, Mmx, CheckPerm, NearBranch, No16 and of course Intercept itself). Fixes: c44b4c6ab80e ("KVM: emulate: clean up initializations in init_decode_cache") Fixes: 07721feee46b ("KVM: nVMX: Don't emulate instructions in guest mode") Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Suggested-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-03-02KVM: SVM: Fix the svm vmexit code for WRMSRHaiwei Li1-1/+2
In svm, exit_code for MSR writes is not EXIT_REASON_MSR_WRITE which belongs to vmx. According to amd manual, SVM_EXIT_MSR(7ch) is the exit_code of VMEXIT_MSR due to RDMSR or WRMSR access to protected MSR. Additionally, the processor indicates in the VMCB's EXITINFO1 whether a RDMSR(EXITINFO1=0) or WRMSR(EXITINFO1=1) was intercepted. Signed-off-by: Haiwei Li <lihaiwei@tencent.com> Fixes: 1e9e2622a149 ("KVM: VMX: FIXED+PHYSICAL mode single target IPI fastpath", 2019-11-21) Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-03-02KVM: X86: Fix dereference null cpufreq policyWanpeng Li1-3/+5
Naresh Kamboju reported: Linux version 5.6.0-rc4 (oe-user@oe-host) (gcc version (GCC)) #1 SMP Sun Mar 1 22:59:08 UTC 2020 kvm: no hardware support BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 000000000000028c #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page PGD 0 P4D 0 Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.6.0-rc4 #1 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), 04/01/2014 RIP: 0010:kobject_put+0x12/0x1c0 Call Trace: cpufreq_cpu_put+0x15/0x20 kvm_arch_init+0x1f6/0x2b0 kvm_init+0x31/0x290 ? svm_check_processor_compat+0xd/0xd ? svm_check_processor_compat+0xd/0xd svm_init+0x21/0x23 do_one_initcall+0x61/0x2f0 ? rdinit_setup+0x30/0x30 ? rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0x4f/0x80 kernel_init_freeable+0x219/0x279 ? rest_init+0x250/0x250 kernel_init+0xe/0x110 ret_from_fork+0x27/0x50 Modules linked in: CR2: 000000000000028c ---[ end trace 239abf40c55c409b ]--- RIP: 0010:kobject_put+0x12/0x1c0 cpufreq policy which is get by cpufreq_cpu_get() can be NULL if it is failure, this patch takes care of it. Fixes: aaec7c03de (KVM: x86: avoid useless copy of cpufreq policy) Reported-by: Naresh Kamboju <naresh.kamboju@linaro.org> Cc: Naresh Kamboju <naresh.kamboju@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-03-02Merge branch 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds8-9/+52
Pull x86 fixes from Ingo Molnar: "Misc fixes: a pkeys fix for a bug that triggers with weird BIOS settings, and two Xen PV fixes: a paravirt interface fix, and pagetable dumping fix" * 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/mm: Fix dump_pagetables with Xen PV x86/ioperm: Add new paravirt function update_io_bitmap() x86/pkeys: Manually set X86_FEATURE_OSPKE to preserve existing changes
2020-03-02Merge branch 'efi-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds1-99/+52
Pull EFI fixes from Ingo Molnar: "Three fixes to EFI mixed boot mode, mostly related to x86-64 vmap stacks activated years ago, bug-fixed recently for EFI, which had knock-on effects of various 1:1 mapping assumptions in mixed mode. There's also a READ_ONCE() fix for reading an mmap-ed EFI firmware data field only once, out of caution" * 'efi-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: efi: READ_ONCE rng seed size before munmap efi/x86: Handle by-ref arguments covering multiple pages in mixed mode efi/x86: Remove support for EFI time and counter services in mixed mode efi/x86: Align GUIDs to their size in the mixed mode runtime wrapper
2020-03-01Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvmLinus Torvalds6-29/+86
Pull KVM fixes from Paolo Bonzini: "More bugfixes, including a few remaining "make W=1" issues such as too large frame sizes on some configurations. On the ARM side, the compiler was messing up shadow stacks between EL1 and EL2 code, which is easily fixed with __always_inline" * tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: KVM: VMX: check descriptor table exits on instruction emulation kvm: x86: Limit the number of "kvm: disabled by bios" messages KVM: x86: avoid useless copy of cpufreq policy KVM: allow disabling -Werror KVM: x86: allow compiling as non-module with W=1 KVM: Pre-allocate 1 cpumask variable per cpu for both pv tlb and pv ipis KVM: Introduce pv check helpers KVM: let declaration of kvm_get_running_vcpus match implementation KVM: SVM: allocate AVIC data structures based on kvm_amd module parameter arm64: Ask the compiler to __always_inline functions used by KVM at HYP KVM: arm64: Define our own swab32() to avoid a uapi static inline KVM: arm64: Ask the compiler to __always_inline functions used at HYP kvm: arm/arm64: Fold VHE entry/exit work into kvm_vcpu_run_vhe() KVM: arm/arm64: Fix up includes for trace.h
2020-03-01KVM: VMX: check descriptor table exits on instruction emulationOliver Upton1-0/+15
KVM emulates UMIP on hardware that doesn't support it by setting the 'descriptor table exiting' VM-execution control and performing instruction emulation. When running nested, this emulation is broken as KVM refuses to emulate L2 instructions by default. Correct this regression by allowing the emulation of descriptor table instructions if L1 hasn't requested 'descriptor table exiting'. Fixes: 07721feee46b ("KVM: nVMX: Don't emulate instructions in guest mode") Reported-by: Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@web.de> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com> Signed-off-by: Oliver Upton <oupton@google.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-29x86/mm: Fix dump_pagetables with Xen PVJuergen Gross1-6/+1
Commit 2ae27137b2db89 ("x86: mm: convert dump_pagetables to use walk_page_range") broke Xen PV guests as the hypervisor reserved hole in the memory map was not taken into account. Fix that by starting the kernel range only at GUARD_HOLE_END_ADDR. Fixes: 2ae27137b2db89 ("x86: mm: convert dump_pagetables to use walk_page_range") Reported-by: Julien Grall <julien@xen.org> Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Tested-by: Julien Grall <julien@xen.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200221103851.7855-1-jgross@suse.com
2020-02-29x86/ioperm: Add new paravirt function update_io_bitmap()Juergen Gross6-2/+50
Commit 111e7b15cf10f6 ("x86/ioperm: Extend IOPL config to control ioperm() as well") reworked the iopl syscall to use I/O bitmaps. Unfortunately this broke Xen PV domains using that syscall as there is currently no I/O bitmap support in PV domains. Add I/O bitmap support via a new paravirt function update_io_bitmap which Xen PV domains can use to update their I/O bitmaps via a hypercall. Fixes: 111e7b15cf10f6 ("x86/ioperm: Extend IOPL config to control ioperm() as well") Reported-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Tested-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 5.5 Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200218154712.25490-1-jgross@suse.com
2020-02-28kvm: x86: Limit the number of "kvm: disabled by bios" messagesErwan Velu1-2/+2
In older version of systemd(219), at boot time, udevadm is called with : /usr/bin/udevadm trigger --type=devices --action=add" This program generates an echo "add" in /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu<x>/uevent, leading to the "kvm: disabled by bios" message in case of your Bios disabled the virtualization extensions. On a modern system running up to 256 CPU threads, this pollutes the Kernel logs. This patch offers to ratelimit this message to avoid any userspace program triggering this uevent printing this message too often. This patch is only a workaround but greatly reduce the pollution without breaking the current behavior of printing a message if some try to instantiate KVM on a system that doesn't support it. Note that recent versions of systemd (>239) do not have trigger this behavior. This patch will be useful at least for some using older systemd with recent Kernels. Signed-off-by: Erwan Velu <e.velu@criteo.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-28KVM: x86: avoid useless copy of cpufreq policyPaolo Bonzini1-5/+5
struct cpufreq_policy is quite big and it is not a good idea to allocate one on the stack. Just use cpufreq_cpu_get and cpufreq_cpu_put which is even simpler. Reported-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-28KVM: allow disabling -WerrorPaolo Bonzini2-1/+14
Restrict -Werror to well-tested configurations and allow disabling it via Kconfig. Reported-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-28KVM: x86: allow compiling as non-module with W=1Valdis Klētnieks2-0/+4
Compile error with CONFIG_KVM_INTEL=y and W=1: CC arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.o arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c:68:32: error: 'vmx_cpu_id' defined but not used [-Werror=unused-const-variable=] 68 | static const struct x86_cpu_id vmx_cpu_id[] = { | ^~~~~~~~~~ cc1: all warnings being treated as errors When building with =y, the MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE macro doesn't generate a reference to the structure (or any code at all). This makes W=1 compiles unhappy. Wrap both in a #ifdef to avoid the issue. Signed-off-by: Valdis Kletnieks <valdis.kletnieks@vt.edu> [Do the same for CONFIG_KVM_AMD. - Paolo] Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-28KVM: Pre-allocate 1 cpumask variable per cpu for both pv tlb and pv ipisWanpeng Li1-12/+21
Nick Desaulniers Reported: When building with: $ make CC=clang arch/x86/ CFLAGS=-Wframe-larger-than=1000 The following warning is observed: arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c:494:13: warning: stack frame size of 1064 bytes in function 'kvm_send_ipi_mask_allbutself' [-Wframe-larger-than=] static void kvm_send_ipi_mask_allbutself(const struct cpumask *mask, int vector) ^ Debugging with: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/frame-larger-than via: $ python3 frame_larger_than.py arch/x86/kernel/kvm.o \ kvm_send_ipi_mask_allbutself points to the stack allocated `struct cpumask newmask` in `kvm_send_ipi_mask_allbutself`. The size of a `struct cpumask` is potentially large, as it's CONFIG_NR_CPUS divided by BITS_PER_LONG for the target architecture. CONFIG_NR_CPUS for X86_64 can be as high as 8192, making a single instance of a `struct cpumask` 1024 B. This patch fixes it by pre-allocate 1 cpumask variable per cpu and use it for both pv tlb and pv ipis.. Reported-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Acked-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-28KVM: Introduce pv check helpersWanpeng Li1-10/+24
Introduce some pv check helpers for consistency. Suggested-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-28KVM: SVM: allocate AVIC data structures based on kvm_amd module parameterPaolo Bonzini1-1/+2
Even if APICv is disabled at startup, the backing page and ir_list need to be initialized in case they are needed later. The only case in which this can be skipped is for userspace irqchip, and that must be done because avic_init_backing_page dereferences vcpu->arch.apic (which is NULL for userspace irqchip). Tested-by: rmuncrief@humanavance.com Fixes: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=206579 Reviewed-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-27x86/mce: Fix logic and comments around MSR_PPIN_CTLTony Luck1-4/+5
There are two implemented bits in the PPIN_CTL MSR: Bit 0: LockOut (R/WO) Set 1 to prevent further writes to MSR_PPIN_CTL. Bit 1: Enable_PPIN (R/W) If 1, enables MSR_PPIN to be accessible using RDMSR. If 0, an attempt to read MSR_PPIN will cause #GP. So there are four defined values: 0: PPIN is disabled, PPIN_CTL may be updated 1: PPIN is disabled. PPIN_CTL is locked against updates 2: PPIN is enabled. PPIN_CTL may be updated 3: PPIN is enabled. PPIN_CTL is locked against updates Code would only enable the X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PPIN feature for case "2". When it should have done so for both case "2" and case "3". Fix the final test to just check for the enable bit. Also fix some of the other comments in this function. Fixes: 3f5a7896a509 ("x86/mce: Include the PPIN in MCE records when available") Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200226011737.9958-1-tony.luck@intel.com
2020-02-27x86/pkeys: Manually set X86_FEATURE_OSPKE to preserve existing changesSean Christopherson1-1/+1
Explicitly set X86_FEATURE_OSPKE via set_cpu_cap() instead of calling get_cpu_cap() to pull the feature bit from CPUID after enabling CR4.PKE. Invoking get_cpu_cap() effectively wipes out any {set,clear}_cpu_cap() changes that were made between this_cpu->c_init() and setup_pku(), as all non-synthetic feature words are reinitialized from the CPU's CPUID values. Blasting away capability updates manifests most visibility when running on a VMX capable CPU, but with VMX disabled by BIOS. To indicate that VMX is disabled, init_ia32_feat_ctl() clears X86_FEATURE_VMX, using clear_cpu_cap() instead of setup_clear_cpu_cap() so that KVM can report which CPU is misconfigured (KVM needs to probe every CPU anyways). Restoring X86_FEATURE_VMX from CPUID causes KVM to think VMX is enabled, ultimately leading to an unexpected #GP when KVM attempts to do VMXON. Arguably, init_ia32_feat_ctl() should use setup_clear_cpu_cap() and let KVM figure out a different way to report the misconfigured CPU, but VMX is not the only feature bit that is affected, i.e. there is precedent that tweaking feature bits via {set,clear}_cpu_cap() after ->c_init() is expected to work. Most notably, x86_init_rdrand()'s clearing of X86_FEATURE_RDRAND when RDRAND malfunctions is also overwritten. Fixes: 0697694564c8 ("x86/mm/pkeys: Actually enable Memory Protection Keys in the CPU") Reported-by: Jacob Keller <jacob.e.keller@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Tested-by: Jacob Keller <jacob.e.keller@intel.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200226231615.13664-1-sean.j.christopherson@intel.com
2020-02-26Revert "KVM: x86: enable -Werror"Christoph Hellwig1-1/+0
This reverts commit ead68df94d248c80fdbae220ae5425eb5af2e753. Using the -Werror flag breaks the build for me due to mostly harmless KASAN or similar warnings: arch/x86/kvm/x86.c: In function ‘kvm_timer_init’: arch/x86/kvm/x86.c:7209:1: error: the frame size of 1112 bytes is larger than 1024 bytes [-Werror=frame-larger-than=] Feel free to add a CONFIG_WERROR if you care strong enough, but don't break peoples builds for absolutely no good reason. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-02-26efi/x86: Handle by-ref arguments covering multiple pages in mixed modeArd Biesheuvel1-19/+26
The mixed mode runtime wrappers are fragile when it comes to how the memory referred to by its pointer arguments are laid out in memory, due to the fact that it translates these addresses to physical addresses that the runtime services can dereference when running in 1:1 mode. Since vmalloc'ed pages (including the vmap'ed stack) are not contiguous in the physical address space, this scheme only works if the referenced memory objects do not cross page boundaries. Currently, the mixed mode runtime service wrappers require that all by-ref arguments that live in the vmalloc space have a size that is a power of 2, and are aligned to that same value. While this is a sensible way to construct an object that is guaranteed not to cross a page boundary, it is overly strict when it comes to checking whether a given object violates this requirement, as we can simply take the physical address of the first and the last byte, and verify that they point into the same physical page. When this check fails, we emit a WARN(), but then simply proceed with the call, which could cause data corruption if the next physical page belongs to a mapping that is entirely unrelated. Given that with vmap'ed stacks, this condition is much more likely to trigger, let's relax the condition a bit, but fail the runtime service call if it does trigger. Fixes: f6697df36bdf0bf7 ("x86/efi: Prevent mixed mode boot corruption with CONFIG_VMAP_STACK=y") Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200221084849.26878-4-ardb@kernel.org
2020-02-26efi/x86: Remove support for EFI time and counter services in mixed modeArd Biesheuvel1-76/+5
Mixed mode calls at runtime are rather tricky with vmap'ed stacks, as we can no longer assume that data passed in by the callers of the EFI runtime wrapper routines is contiguous in physical memory. We need to fix this, but before we do, let's drop the implementations of routines that we know are never used on x86, i.e., the RTC related ones. Given that UEFI rev2.8 permits any runtime service to return EFI_UNSUPPORTED at runtime, let's return that instead. As get_next_high_mono_count() is never used at all, even on other architectures, let's make that return EFI_UNSUPPORTED too. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200221084849.26878-3-ardb@kernel.org
2020-02-26efi/x86: Align GUIDs to their size in the mixed mode runtime wrapperArd Biesheuvel1-4/+21
Hans reports that his mixed mode systems running v5.6-rc1 kernels hit the WARN_ON() in virt_to_phys_or_null_size(), caused by the fact that efi_guid_t objects on the vmap'ed stack happen to be misaligned with respect to their sizes. As a quick (i.e., backportable) fix, copy GUID pointer arguments to the local stack into a buffer that is naturally aligned to its size, so that it is guaranteed to cover only one physical page. Note that on x86, we cannot rely on the stack pointer being aligned the way the compiler expects, so we need to allocate an 8-byte aligned buffer of sufficient size, and copy the GUID into that buffer at an offset that is aligned to 16 bytes. Fixes: f6697df36bdf0bf7 ("x86/efi: Prevent mixed mode boot corruption with CONFIG_VMAP_STACK=y") Reported-by: Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Tested-by: Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200221084849.26878-2-ardb@kernel.org
2020-02-25x86/mce/therm_throt: Undo thermal polling properly on CPU offlineThomas Gleixner1-2/+7
Chris Wilson reported splats from running the thermal throttling workqueue callback on offlined CPUs. The problem is that that callback should not even run on offlined CPUs but it happens nevertheless because the offlining callback thermal_throttle_offline() does not symmetrically undo the setup work done in its onlining counterpart. IOW, 1. The thermal interrupt vector should be masked out before ... 2. ... cancelling any pending work synchronously so that no new work is enqueued anymore. Do those things and fix the issue properly. [ bp: Write commit message. ] Fixes: f6656208f04e ("x86/mce/therm_throt: Optimize notifications of thermal throttle") Reported-by: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk> Tested-by: Pandruvada, Srinivas <srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/158120068234.18291.7938335950259651295@skylake-alporthouse-com
2020-02-24Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvmLinus Torvalds17-106/+264
Pull kvm fixes from Paolo Bonzini: "Bugfixes, including the fix for CVE-2020-2732 and a few issues found by 'make W=1'" * tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: KVM: s390: rstify new ioctls in api.rst KVM: nVMX: Check IO instruction VM-exit conditions KVM: nVMX: Refactor IO bitmap checks into helper function KVM: nVMX: Don't emulate instructions in guest mode KVM: nVMX: Emulate MTF when performing instruction emulation KVM: fix error handling in svm_hardware_setup KVM: SVM: Fix potential memory leak in svm_cpu_init() KVM: apic: avoid calculating pending eoi from an uninitialized val KVM: nVMX: clear PIN_BASED_POSTED_INTR from nested pinbased_ctls only when apicv is globally disabled KVM: nVMX: handle nested posted interrupts when apicv is disabled for L1 kvm: x86: svm: Fix NULL pointer dereference when AVIC not enabled KVM: VMX: Add VMX_FEATURE_USR_WAIT_PAUSE KVM: nVMX: Hold KVM's srcu lock when syncing vmcs12->shadow KVM: x86: don't notify userspace IOAPIC on edge-triggered interrupt EOI kvm/emulate: fix a -Werror=cast-function-type KVM: x86: fix incorrect comparison in trace event KVM: nVMX: Fix some obsolete comments and grammar error KVM: x86: fix missing prototypes KVM: x86: enable -Werror
2020-02-23KVM: nVMX: Check IO instruction VM-exit conditionsOliver Upton2-7/+52
Consult the 'unconditional IO exiting' and 'use IO bitmaps' VM-execution controls when checking instruction interception. If the 'use IO bitmaps' VM-execution control is 1, check the instruction access against the IO bitmaps to determine if the instruction causes a VM-exit. Signed-off-by: Oliver Upton <oupton@google.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-23KVM: nVMX: Refactor IO bitmap checks into helper functionOliver Upton2-14/+27
Checks against the IO bitmap are useful for both instruction emulation and VM-exit reflection. Refactor the IO bitmap checks into a helper function. Signed-off-by: Oliver Upton <oupton@google.com> Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-23KVM: nVMX: Don't emulate instructions in guest modePaolo Bonzini1-1/+1
vmx_check_intercept is not yet fully implemented. To avoid emulating instructions disallowed by the L1 hypervisor, refuse to emulate instructions by default. Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org [Made commit, added commit msg - Oliver] Signed-off-by: Oliver Upton <oupton@google.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-23KVM: nVMX: Emulate MTF when performing instruction emulationOliver Upton8-2/+83
Since commit 5f3d45e7f282 ("kvm/x86: add support for MONITOR_TRAP_FLAG"), KVM has allowed an L1 guest to use the monitor trap flag processor-based execution control for its L2 guest. KVM simply forwards any MTF VM-exits to the L1 guest, which works for normal instruction execution. However, when KVM needs to emulate an instruction on the behalf of an L2 guest, the monitor trap flag is not emulated. Add the necessary logic to kvm_skip_emulated_instruction() to synthesize an MTF VM-exit to L1 upon instruction emulation for L2. Fixes: 5f3d45e7f282 ("kvm/x86: add support for MONITOR_TRAP_FLAG") Signed-off-by: Oliver Upton <oupton@google.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-23KVM: fix error handling in svm_hardware_setupLi RongQing1-21/+20
rename svm_hardware_unsetup as svm_hardware_teardown, move it before svm_hardware_setup, and call it to free all memory if fail to setup in svm_hardware_setup, otherwise memory will be leaked remove __exit attribute for it since it is called in __init function Signed-off-by: Li RongQing <lirongqing@baidu.com> Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-22Merge tag 'ras-urgent-2020-02-22' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds1-23/+27
Pull RAS fixes from Thomas Gleixner: "Two fixes for the AMD MCE driver: - Populate the per CPU MCA bank descriptor pointer only after it has been completely set up to prevent a use-after-free in case that one of the subsequent initialization step fails - Implement a proper release function for the sysfs entries of MCA threshold controls instead of freeing the memory right in the CPU teardown code, which leads to another use-after-free when the associated sysfs file is opened and accessed" * tag 'ras-urgent-2020-02-22' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/mce/amd: Fix kobject lifetime x86/mce/amd: Publish the bank pointer only after setup has succeeded
2020-02-22Merge tag 'x86-urgent-2020-02-22' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tipLinus Torvalds3-3/+16
Pull x86 fixes from Thomas Gleixner: "Two fixes for x86: - Remove the __force_oder definiton from the kaslr boot code as it is already defined in the page table code which makes GCC 10 builds fail because it changed the default to -fno-common. - Address the AMD erratum 1054 concerning the IRPERF capability and enable the Instructions Retired fixed counter on machines which are not affected by the erratum" * tag 'x86-urgent-2020-02-22' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/cpu/amd: Enable the fixed Instructions Retired counter IRPERF x86/boot/compressed: Don't declare __force_order in kaslr_64.c
2020-02-21Merge tag 'for-linus-5.6-rc3-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/xen/tipLinus Torvalds1-3/+4
Pull xen fixes from Juergen Gross: "Two small fixes for Xen: - a fix to avoid warnings with new gcc - a fix for incorrectly disabled interrupts when calling _cond_resched()" * tag 'for-linus-5.6-rc3-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/xen/tip: xen: Enable interrupts when calling _cond_resched() x86/xen: Distribute switch variables for initialization
2020-02-21KVM: SVM: Fix potential memory leak in svm_cpu_init()Miaohe Lin1-7/+6
When kmalloc memory for sd->sev_vmcbs failed, we forget to free the page held by sd->save_area. Also get rid of the var r as '-ENOMEM' is actually the only possible outcome here. Reviewed-by: Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2020-02-21KVM: apic: avoid calculating pending eoi from an uninitialized valMiaohe Lin1-1/+3
When pv_eoi_get_user() fails, 'val' may remain uninitialized and the return value of pv_eoi_get_pending() becomes random. Fix the issue by initializing the variable. Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>