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2020-03-03net: fq: add missing attribute validation for orphan maskJakub Kicinski1-0/+1
Add missing attribute validation for TCA_FQ_ORPHAN_MASK to the netlink policy. Fixes: 06eb395fa985 ("pkt_sched: fq: better control of DDOS traffic") Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2020-01-08pkt_sched: fq: do not accept silly TCA_FQ_QUANTUMEric Dumazet1-2/+4
As diagnosed by Florian : If TCA_FQ_QUANTUM is set to 0x80000000, fq_deueue() can loop forever in : if (f->credit <= 0) { f->credit += q->quantum; goto begin; } ... because f->credit is either 0 or -2147483648. Let's limit TCA_FQ_QUANTUM to no more than 1 << 20 : This max value should limit risks of breaking user setups while fixing this bug. Fixes: afe4fd062416 ("pkt_sched: fq: Fair Queue packet scheduler") Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Diagnosed-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Reported-by: syzbot+dc9071cc5a85950bdfce@syzkaller.appspotmail.com Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2019-12-26net_sched: sch_fq: properly set sk->sk_pacing_statusEric Dumazet1-9/+8
If fq_classify() recycles a struct fq_flow because a socket structure has been reallocated, we do not set sk->sk_pacing_status immediately, but later if the flow becomes detached. This means that any flow requiring pacing (BBR, or SO_MAX_PACING_RATE) might fallback to TCP internal pacing, which requires a per-socket high resolution timer, and therefore more cpu cycles. Fixes: 218af599fa63 ("tcp: internal implementation for pacing") Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <soheil@google.com> Cc: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com> Acked-by: Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <soheil@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2019-10-15net_sched: sch_fq: remove one obsolete check in fq_dequeue()Eric Dumazet1-2/+1
After commit eeb84aa0d0aff ("net_sched: sch_fq: do not assume EDT packets are ordered"), all skbs get a non zero time_to_send in flow_queue_add() This means @time_next_packet variable in fq_dequeue() can no longer be zero. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2019-05-30treewide: Replace GPLv2 boilerplate/reference with SPDX - rule 152Thomas Gleixner1-5/+1
Based on 1 normalized pattern(s): this program is free software you can redistribute it and or modify it under the terms of the gnu general public license as published by the free software foundation either version 2 of the license or at your option any later version extracted by the scancode license scanner the SPDX license identifier GPL-2.0-or-later has been chosen to replace the boilerplate/reference in 3029 file(s). Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Cc: linux-spdx@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190527070032.746973796@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-05-07net_sched: sch_fq: handle non connected flowsEric Dumazet1-2/+13
FQ packet scheduler assumed that packets could be classified based on their owning socket. This means that if a UDP server uses one UDP socket to send packets to different destinations, packets all land in one FQ flow. This is unfair, since each TCP flow has a unique bucket, meaning that in case of pressure (fully utilised uplink), TCP flows have more share of the bandwidth. If we instead detect unconnected sockets, we can use a stochastic hash based on the 4-tuple hash. This also means a QUIC server using one UDP socket will properly spread the outgoing packets to different buckets, and in-kernel pacing based on EDT model will no longer risk having big rb-tree on one flow. Note that UDP application might provide the skb->hash in an ancillary message at sendmsg() time to avoid the cost of a dissection in fq packet scheduler. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2019-05-07net_sched: sch_fq: do not assume EDT packets are orderedEric Dumazet1-12/+83
TCP stack makes sure packets for a given flow are monotically increasing, but we want to allow UDP packets to use EDT as well, so that QUIC servers can use in-kernel pacing. This patch adds a per-flow rb-tree on which packets might be stored. We still try to use the linear list for the typical cases where packets are queued with monotically increasing skb->tstamp, since queue/dequeue packets on a standard list is O(1). Note that the ability to store packets in arbitrary EDT order will allow us to implement later a per TCP socket mechanism adding delays (with jitter eventually) and reorders, to implement convenient network emulators. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2019-04-27netlink: make validation more configurable for future strictnessJohannes Berg1-1/+2
We currently have two levels of strict validation: 1) liberal (default) - undefined (type >= max) & NLA_UNSPEC attributes accepted - attribute length >= expected accepted - garbage at end of message accepted 2) strict (opt-in) - NLA_UNSPEC attributes accepted - attribute length >= expected accepted Split out parsing strictness into four different options: * TRAILING - check that there's no trailing data after parsing attributes (in message or nested) * MAXTYPE - reject attrs > max known type * UNSPEC - reject attributes with NLA_UNSPEC policy entries * STRICT_ATTRS - strictly validate attribute size The default for future things should be *everything*. The current *_strict() is a combination of TRAILING and MAXTYPE, and is renamed to _deprecated_strict(). The current regular parsing has none of this, and is renamed to *_parse_deprecated(). Additionally it allows us to selectively set one of the new flags even on old policies. Notably, the UNSPEC flag could be useful in this case, since it can be arranged (by filling in the policy) to not be an incompatible userspace ABI change, but would then going forward prevent forgetting attribute entries. Similar can apply to the POLICY flag. We end up with the following renames: * nla_parse -> nla_parse_deprecated * nla_parse_strict -> nla_parse_deprecated_strict * nlmsg_parse -> nlmsg_parse_deprecated * nlmsg_parse_strict -> nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict * nla_parse_nested -> nla_parse_nested_deprecated * nla_validate_nested -> nla_validate_nested_deprecated Using spatch, of course: @@ expression TB, MAX, HEAD, LEN, POL, EXT; @@ -nla_parse(TB, MAX, HEAD, LEN, POL, EXT) +nla_parse_deprecated(TB, MAX, HEAD, LEN, POL, EXT) @@ expression NLH, HDRLEN, TB, MAX, POL, EXT; @@ -nlmsg_parse(NLH, HDRLEN, TB, MAX, POL, EXT) +nlmsg_parse_deprecated(NLH, HDRLEN, TB, MAX, POL, EXT) @@ expression NLH, HDRLEN, TB, MAX, POL, EXT; @@ -nlmsg_parse_strict(NLH, HDRLEN, TB, MAX, POL, EXT) +nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict(NLH, HDRLEN, TB, MAX, POL, EXT) @@ expression TB, MAX, NLA, POL, EXT; @@ -nla_parse_nested(TB, MAX, NLA, POL, EXT) +nla_parse_nested_deprecated(TB, MAX, NLA, POL, EXT) @@ expression START, MAX, POL, EXT; @@ -nla_validate_nested(START, MAX, POL, EXT) +nla_validate_nested_deprecated(START, MAX, POL, EXT) @@ expression NLH, HDRLEN, MAX, POL, EXT; @@ -nlmsg_validate(NLH, HDRLEN, MAX, POL, EXT) +nlmsg_validate_deprecated(NLH, HDRLEN, MAX, POL, EXT) For this patch, don't actually add the strict, non-renamed versions yet so that it breaks compile if I get it wrong. Also, while at it, make nla_validate and nla_parse go down to a common __nla_validate_parse() function to avoid code duplication. Ultimately, this allows us to have very strict validation for every new caller of nla_parse()/nlmsg_parse() etc as re-introduced in the next patch, while existing things will continue to work as is. In effect then, this adds fully strict validation for any new command. Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2019-04-27netlink: make nla_nest_start() add NLA_F_NESTED flagMichal Kubecek1-1/+1
Even if the NLA_F_NESTED flag was introduced more than 11 years ago, most netlink based interfaces (including recently added ones) are still not setting it in kernel generated messages. Without the flag, message parsers not aware of attribute semantics (e.g. wireshark dissector or libmnl's mnl_nlmsg_fprintf()) cannot recognize nested attributes and won't display the structure of their contents. Unfortunately we cannot just add the flag everywhere as there may be userspace applications which check nlattr::nla_type directly rather than through a helper masking out the flags. Therefore the patch renames nla_nest_start() to nla_nest_start_noflag() and introduces nla_nest_start() as a wrapper adding NLA_F_NESTED. The calls which add NLA_F_NESTED manually are rewritten to use nla_nest_start(). Except for changes in include/net/netlink.h, the patch was generated using this semantic patch: @@ expression E1, E2; @@ -nla_nest_start(E1, E2) +nla_nest_start_noflag(E1, E2) @@ expression E1, E2; @@ -nla_nest_start_noflag(E1, E2 | NLA_F_NESTED) +nla_nest_start(E1, E2) Signed-off-by: Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@suse.cz> Acked-by: Jiri Pirko <jiri@mellanox.com> Acked-by: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-11-20net_sched: sch_fq: avoid calling ktime_get_ns() if not neededEric Dumazet1-1/+6
There are two cases were we can avoid calling ktime_get_ns() : 1) Queue is empty. 2) Internal queue is not empty. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-11-19Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller1-12/+19
2018-11-15net_sched: sch_fq: ensure maxrate fq parameter applies to EDT flowsEric Dumazet1-12/+19
When EDT conversion happened, fq lost the ability to enfore a maxrate for all flows. It kept it for non EDT flows. This commit restores the functionality. Tested: tc qd replace dev eth0 root fq maxrate 500Mbit netperf -P0 -H host -- -O THROUGHPUT 489.75 Fixes: ab408b6dc744 ("tcp: switch tcp and sch_fq to new earliest departure time model") Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-11-11net_sched: sch_fq: add dctcp-like markingEric Dumazet1-0/+21
Similar to 80ba92fa1a92 ("codel: add ce_threshold attribute") After EDT adoption, it became easier to implement DCTCP-like CE marking. In many cases, queues are not building in the network fabric but on the hosts themselves. If packets leaving fq missed their Earliest Departure Time by XXX usec, we mark them with ECN CE. This gives a feedback (after one RTT) to the sender to slow down and find better operating mode. Example : tc qd replace dev eth0 root fq ce_threshold 2.5ms Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Acked-by: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-10-15net_sched: sch_fq: no longer use skb_is_tcp_pure_ack()Eric Dumazet1-1/+1
With the new EDT model, sch_fq no longer has to special case TCP pure acks, since their skb->tstamp will allow them being sent without pacing delay. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-10-15net: extend sk_pacing_rate to unsigned longEric Dumazet1-8/+12
sk_pacing_rate has beed introduced as a u32 field in 2013, effectively limiting per flow pacing to 34Gbit. We believe it is time to allow TCP to pace high speed flows on 64bit hosts, as we now can reach 100Gbit on one TCP flow. This patch adds no cost for 32bit kernels. The tcpi_pacing_rate and tcpi_max_pacing_rate were already exported as 64bit, so iproute2/ss command require no changes. Unfortunately the SO_MAX_PACING_RATE socket option will stay 32bit and we will need to add a new option to let applications control high pacing rates. State Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address:Port Peer Address:Port ESTAB 0 1787144 10.246.9.76:49992 10.246.9.77:36741 timer:(on,003ms,0) ino:91863 sk:2 <-> skmem:(r0,rb540000,t66440,tb2363904,f605944,w1822984,o0,bl0,d0) ts sack bbr wscale:8,8 rto:201 rtt:0.057/0.006 mss:1448 rcvmss:536 advmss:1448 cwnd:138 ssthresh:178 bytes_acked:256699822585 segs_out:177279177 segs_in:3916318 data_segs_out:177279175 bbr:(bw:31276.8Mbps,mrtt:0,pacing_gain:1.25,cwnd_gain:2) send 28045.5Mbps lastrcv:73333 pacing_rate 38705.0Mbps delivery_rate 22997.6Mbps busy:73333ms unacked:135 retrans:0/157 rcv_space:14480 notsent:2085120 minrtt:0.013 Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-10-01tcp/fq: move back to CLOCK_MONOTONICEric Dumazet1-3/+3
In the recent TCP/EDT patch series, I switched TCP and sch_fq clocks from MONOTONIC to TAI, in order to meet the choice done earlier for sch_etf packet scheduler. But sure enough, this broke some setups were the TAI clock jumps forward (by almost 50 year...), as reported by Leonard Crestez. If we want to converge later, we'll probably need to add an skb field to differentiate the clock bases, or a socket option. In the meantime, an UDP application will need to use CLOCK_MONOTONIC base for its SCM_TXTIME timestamps if using fq packet scheduler. Fixes: 72b0094f9182 ("tcp: switch tcp_clock_ns() to CLOCK_TAI base") Fixes: 142537e41923 ("net_sched: sch_fq: switch to CLOCK_TAI") Fixes: fd2bca2aa789 ("tcp: switch internal pacing timer to CLOCK_TAI") Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Reported-by: Leonard Crestez <leonard.crestez@nxp.com> Tested-by: Leonard Crestez <leonard.crestez@nxp.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-09-21net_sched: sch_fq: remove dead code dealing with retransmitsEric Dumazet1-53/+5
With the earliest departure time model, we no longer plan special casing TCP retransmits. We therefore remove dead code (since most compilers understood skb_is_retransmit() was false) Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-09-21tcp: switch tcp and sch_fq to new earliest departure time modelEric Dumazet1-10/+11
TCP keeps track of tcp_wstamp_ns by itself, meaning sch_fq no longer has to do it. Thanks to this model, TCP can get more accurate RTT samples, since pacing no longer inflates them. This has the nice effect of removing some delays caused by FQ quantum mechanism, causing inflated max/P99 latencies. Also we might relax TCP Small Queue tight limits in the future, since this new model allow TCP to build bigger batches, since sch_fq (or a device with earliest departure time offload) ensure these packets will be delivered on time. Note that other protocols are not converted (they will probably never be) so sch_fq has still support for SO_MAX_PACING_RATE Tested: Test showing FQ pacing quantum artifact for low-rate flows, adding unexpected throttles for RPC flows, inflating max and P99 latencies. The parameters chosen here are to show what happens typically when a TCP flow has a reduced pacing rate (this can be caused by a reduced cwin after few losses, or/and rtt above few ms) MIBS="MIN_LATENCY,MEAN_LATENCY,MAX_LATENCY,P99_LATENCY,STDDEV_LATENCY" Before : $ netperf -H 10.246.7.133 -t TCP_RR -Cc -T6,6 -- -q 2000000 -r 100,100 -o $MIBS MIGRATED TCP REQUEST/RESPONSE TEST from 0.0.0.0 (0.0.0.0) port 0 AF_INET to 10.246.7.133 () port 0 AF_INET : first burst 0 : cpu bind Minimum Latency Microseconds,Mean Latency Microseconds,Maximum Latency Microseconds,99th Percentile Latency Microseconds,Stddev Latency Microseconds 19,82.78,5279,3825,482.02 After : $ netperf -H 10.246.7.133 -t TCP_RR -Cc -T6,6 -- -q 2000000 -r 100,100 -o $MIBS MIGRATED TCP REQUEST/RESPONSE TEST from 0.0.0.0 (0.0.0.0) port 0 AF_INET to 10.246.7.133 () port 0 AF_INET : first burst 0 : cpu bind Minimum Latency Microseconds,Mean Latency Microseconds,Maximum Latency Microseconds,99th Percentile Latency Microseconds,Stddev Latency Microseconds 20,49.94,128,63,3.18 Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-09-21net_sched: sch_fq: switch to CLOCK_TAIEric Dumazet1-3/+3
TCP will soon provide per skb->tstamp with earliest departure time, so that sch_fq does not have to determine departure time by looking at socket sk_pacing_rate. We chose in linux-4.19 CLOCK_TAI as the clock base for transports, qdiscs, and NIC offloads. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-09-10net: Add and use skb_mark_not_on_list().David S. Miller1-1/+1
An SKB is not on a list if skb->next is NULL. Codify this convention into a helper function and use it where we are dequeueing an SKB and need to mark it as such. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-05-02net_sched: fq: take care of throttled flows before reuseEric Dumazet1-12/+25
Normally, a socket can not be freed/reused unless all its TX packets left qdisc and were TX-completed. However connect(AF_UNSPEC) allows this to happen. With commit fc59d5bdf1e3 ("pkt_sched: fq: clear time_next_packet for reused flows") we cleared f->time_next_packet but took no special action if the flow was still in the throttled rb-tree. Since f->time_next_packet is the key used in the rb-tree searches, blindly clearing it might break rb-tree integrity. We need to make sure the flow is no longer in the rb-tree to avoid this problem. Fixes: fc59d5bdf1e3 ("pkt_sched: fq: clear time_next_packet for reused flows") Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-12-21net: sched: sch: add extack for change qdisc opsAlexander Aring1-2/+3
This patch adds extack support for change callback for qdisc ops structtur to prepare per-qdisc specific changes for extack. Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com> Acked-by: Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@mojatatu.com> Signed-off-by: Alexander Aring <aring@mojatatu.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-12-21net: sched: sch: add extack for init callbackAlexander Aring1-1/+2
This patch adds extack support for init callback to prepare per-qdisc specific changes for extack. Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com> Acked-by: Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@mojatatu.com> Signed-off-by: Alexander Aring <aring@mojatatu.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-07-12mm, tree wide: replace __GFP_REPEAT by __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL with more useful semanticMichal Hocko1-1/+1
__GFP_REPEAT was designed to allow retry-but-eventually-fail semantic to the page allocator. This has been true but only for allocations requests larger than PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER. It has been always ignored for smaller sizes. This is a bit unfortunate because there is no way to express the same semantic for those requests and they are considered too important to fail so they might end up looping in the page allocator for ever, similarly to GFP_NOFAIL requests. Now that the whole tree has been cleaned up and accidental or misled usage of __GFP_REPEAT flag has been removed for !costly requests we can give the original flag a better name and more importantly a more useful semantic. Let's rename it to __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL which tells the user that the allocator would try really hard but there is no promise of a success. This will work independent of the order and overrides the default allocator behavior. Page allocator users have several levels of guarantee vs. cost options (take GFP_KERNEL as an example) - GFP_KERNEL & ~__GFP_RECLAIM - optimistic allocation without _any_ attempt to free memory at all. The most light weight mode which even doesn't kick the background reclaim. Should be used carefully because it might deplete the memory and the next user might hit the more aggressive reclaim - GFP_KERNEL & ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM (or GFP_NOWAIT)- optimistic allocation without any attempt to free memory from the current context but can wake kswapd to reclaim memory if the zone is below the low watermark. Can be used from either atomic contexts or when the request is a performance optimization and there is another fallback for a slow path. - (GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_HIGH) & ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM (aka GFP_ATOMIC) - non sleeping allocation with an expensive fallback so it can access some portion of memory reserves. Usually used from interrupt/bh context with an expensive slow path fallback. - GFP_KERNEL - both background and direct reclaim are allowed and the _default_ page allocator behavior is used. That means that !costly allocation requests are basically nofail but there is no guarantee of that behavior so failures have to be checked properly by callers (e.g. OOM killer victim is allowed to fail currently). - GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY - overrides the default allocator behavior and all allocation requests fail early rather than cause disruptive reclaim (one round of reclaim in this implementation). The OOM killer is not invoked. - GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL - overrides the default allocator behavior and all allocation requests try really hard. The request will fail if the reclaim cannot make any progress. The OOM killer won't be triggered. - GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOFAIL - overrides the default allocator behavior and all allocation requests will loop endlessly until they succeed. This might be really dangerous especially for larger orders. Existing users of __GFP_REPEAT are changed to __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL because they already had their semantic. No new users are added. __alloc_pages_slowpath is changed to bail out for __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL if there is no progress and we have already passed the OOM point. This means that all the reclaim opportunities have been exhausted except the most disruptive one (the OOM killer) and a user defined fallback behavior is more sensible than keep retrying in the page allocator. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix arch/sparc/kernel/mdesc.c] [mhocko@suse.com: semantic fix] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170626123847.GM11534@dhcp22.suse.cz [mhocko@kernel.org: address other thing spotted by Vlastimil] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170626124233.GN11534@dhcp22.suse.cz Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170623085345.11304-3-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Alex Belits <alex.belits@cavium.com> Cc: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com> Cc: David Daney <david.daney@cavium.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-16tcp: internal implementation for pacingEric Dumazet1-0/+8
BBR congestion control depends on pacing, and pacing is currently handled by sch_fq packet scheduler for performance reasons, and also because implemening pacing with FQ was convenient to truly avoid bursts. However there are many cases where this packet scheduler constraint is not practical. - Many linux hosts are not focusing on handling thousands of TCP flows in the most efficient way. - Some routers use fq_codel or other AQM, but still would like to use BBR for the few TCP flows they initiate/terminate. This patch implements an automatic fallback to internal pacing. Pacing is requested either by BBR or use of SO_MAX_PACING_RATE option. If sch_fq happens to be in the egress path, pacing is delegated to the qdisc, otherwise pacing is done by TCP itself. One advantage of pacing from TCP stack is to get more precise rtt estimations, and less work done from TX completion, since TCP Small queue limits are not generally hit. Setups with single TX queue but many cpus might even benefit from this. Note that unlike sch_fq, we do not take into account header sizes. Taking care of these headers would add additional complexity for no practical differences in behavior. Some performance numbers using 800 TCP_STREAM flows rate limited to ~48 Mbit per second on 40Gbit NIC. If MQ+pfifo_fast is used on the NIC : $ sar -n DEV 1 5 | grep eth 14:48:44 eth0 725743.00 2932134.00 46776.76 4335184.68 0.00 0.00 1.00 14:48:45 eth0 725349.00 2932112.00 46751.86 4335158.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 14:48:46 eth0 725101.00 2931153.00 46735.07 4333748.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 14:48:47 eth0 725099.00 2931161.00 46735.11 4333760.44 0.00 0.00 1.00 14:48:48 eth0 725160.00 2931731.00 46738.88 4334606.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 Average: eth0 725290.40 2931658.20 46747.54 4334491.74 0.00 0.00 0.40 $ vmstat 1 5 procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- -system-- ------cpu----- r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa st 4 0 0 259825920 45644 2708324 0 0 21 2 247 98 0 0 100 0 0 4 0 0 259823744 45644 2708356 0 0 0 0 2400825 159843 0 19 81 0 0 0 0 0 259824208 45644 2708072 0 0 0 0 2407351 159929 0 19 81 0 0 1 0 0 259824592 45644 2708128 0 0 0 0 2405183 160386 0 19 80 0 0 1 0 0 259824272 45644 2707868 0 0 0 32 2396361 158037 0 19 81 0 0 Now use MQ+FQ : lpaa23:~# echo fq >/proc/sys/net/core/default_qdisc lpaa23:~# tc qdisc replace dev eth0 root mq $ sar -n DEV 1 5 | grep eth 14:49:57 eth0 678614.00 2727930.00 43739.13 4033279.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 14:49:58 eth0 677620.00 2723971.00 43674.69 4027429.62 0.00 0.00 1.00 14:49:59 eth0 676396.00 2719050.00 43596.83 4020125.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 14:50:00 eth0 675197.00 2714173.00 43518.62 4012938.90 0.00 0.00 1.00 14:50:01 eth0 676388.00 2719063.00 43595.47 4020171.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 Average: eth0 676843.00 2720837.40 43624.95 4022788.86 0.00 0.00 0.40 $ vmstat 1 5 procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- -system-- ------cpu----- r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa st 2 0 0 259832240 46008 2710912 0 0 21 2 223 192 0 1 99 0 0 1 0 0 259832896 46008 2710744 0 0 0 0 1702206 198078 0 17 82 0 0 0 0 0 259830272 46008 2710596 0 0 0 0 1696340 197756 1 17 83 0 0 4 0 0 259829168 46024 2710584 0 0 16 0 1688472 197158 1 17 82 0 0 3 0 0 259830224 46024 2710408 0 0 0 0 1692450 197212 0 18 82 0 0 As expected, number of interrupts per second is very different. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Acked-by: Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <soheil@google.com> Cc: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com> Cc: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com> Cc: Van Jacobson <vanj@google.com> Cc: Jerry Chu <hkchu@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2017-05-08net: use kvmalloc with __GFP_REPEAT rather than open coded variantMichal Hocko1-11/+1
fq_alloc_node, alloc_netdev_mqs and netif_alloc* open code kmalloc with vmalloc fallback. Use the kvmalloc variant instead. Keep the __GFP_REPEAT flag based on explanation from Eric: "At the time, tests on the hardware I had in my labs showed that vmalloc() could deliver pages spread all over the memory and that was a small penalty (once memory is fragmented enough, not at boot time)" The way how the code is constructed means, however, that we prefer to go and hit the OOM killer before we fall back to the vmalloc for requests <=32kB (with 4kB pages) in the current code. This is rather disruptive for something that can be achived with the fallback. On the other hand __GFP_REPEAT doesn't have any useful semantic for these requests. So the effect of this patch is that requests which fit into 32kB will fall back to vmalloc easier now. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170306103327.2766-3-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-04-13netlink: pass extended ACK struct to parsing functionsJohannes Berg1-1/+1
Pass the new extended ACK reporting struct to all of the generic netlink parsing functions. For now, pass NULL in almost all callers (except for some in the core.) Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-12-20net_sched: sch_fq: use rb_entry()Geliang Tang1-7/+7
To make the code clearer, use rb_entry() instead of container_of() to deal with rbtree. Signed-off-by: Geliang Tang <geliangtang@gmail.com> Acked-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-11-17net_sched: sch_fq: use hash_ptr()Eric Dumazet1-2/+2
When I wrote sch_fq.c, hash_ptr() on 64bit arches was awful, and I chose hash_32(). Linus Torvalds and George Spelvin fixed this issue, so we can use hash_ptr() to get more entropy on 64bit arches with Terabytes of memory, and avoid the cast games. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-09-23net_sched: sch_fq: account for schedule/timers driftsEric Dumazet1-3/+18
It looks like the following patch can make FQ very precise, even in VM or stressed hosts. It matters at high pacing rates. We take into account the difference between the time that was programmed when last packet was sent, and current time (a drift of tens of usecs is often observed) Add an EWMA of the unthrottle latency to help diagnostics. This latency is the difference between current time and oldest packet in delayed RB-tree. This accounts for the high resolution timer latency, but can be different under stress, as fq_check_throttled() can be opportunistically be called from a dequeue() called after an enqueue() for a different flow. Tested: // Start a 10Gbit flow $ netperf --google-pacing-rate 1250000000 -H lpaa24 -l 10000 -- -K bbr & Before patch : $ sar -n DEV 10 5 | grep eth0 | grep Average Average: eth0 17106.04 756876.84 1102.75 1119049.02 0.00 0.00 0.52 After patch : $ sar -n DEV 10 5 | grep eth0 | grep Average Average: eth0 17867.00 800245.90 1151.77 1183172.12 0.00 0.00 0.52 A new iproute2 tc can output the 'unthrottle latency' : $ tc -s qd sh dev eth0 | grep latency 0 gc, 0 highprio, 32490767 throttled, 2382 ns latency Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-09-21net_sched: sch_fq: add low_rate_threshold parameterEric Dumazet1-3/+19
This commit adds to the fq module a low_rate_threshold parameter to insert a delay after all packets if the socket requests a pacing rate below the threshold. This helps achieve more precise control of the sending rate with low-rate paths, especially policers. The basic issue is that if a congestion control module detects a policer at a certain rate, it may want fq to be able to shape to that policed rate. That way the sender can avoid policer drops by having the packets arrive at the policer at or just under the policed rate. The default threshold of 550Kbps was chosen analytically so that for policers or links at 500Kbps or 512Kbps fq would very likely invoke this mechanism, even if the pacing rate was briefly slightly above the available bandwidth. This value was then empirically validated with two years of production testing on YouTube video servers. Signed-off-by: Van Jacobson <vanj@google.com> Signed-off-by: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com> Signed-off-by: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com> Signed-off-by: Nandita Dukkipati <nanditad@google.com> Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <soheil@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-09-18pkt_sched: fq: use proper locking in fq_dump_stats()Eric Dumazet1-14/+18
When fq is used on 32bit kernels, we need to lock the qdisc before copying 64bit fields. Otherwise "tc -s qdisc ..." might report bogus values. Fixes: afe4fd062416 ("pkt_sched: fq: Fair Queue packet scheduler") Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-06-25net_sched: drop packets after root qdisc lock is releasedEric Dumazet1-3/+4
Qdisc performance suffers when packets are dropped at enqueue() time because drops (kfree_skb()) are done while qdisc lock is held, delaying a dequeue() draining the queue. Nominal throughput can be reduced by 50 % when this happens, at a time we would like the dequeue() to proceed as fast as possible. Even FQ is vulnerable to this problem, while one of FQ goals was to provide some flow isolation. This patch adds a 'struct sk_buff **to_free' parameter to all qdisc->enqueue(), and in qdisc_drop() helper. I measured a performance increase of up to 12 %, but this patch is a prereq so that future batches in enqueue() can fly. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Acked-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-06-15net_sched: sch_fq: defer skb freeingEric Dumazet1-6/+13
Both fq_change() and fq_reset() can use rtnl_kfree_skbs() Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-06-10net_sched: remove generic throttled managementEric Dumazet1-2/+1
__QDISC_STATE_THROTTLED bit manipulation is rather expensive for HTB and few others. I already removed it for sch_fq in commit f2600cf02b5b ("net: sched: avoid costly atomic operation in fq_dequeue()") and so far nobody complained. When one ore more packets are stuck in one or more throttled HTB class, a htb dequeue() performs two atomic operations to clear/set __QDISC_STATE_THROTTLED bit, while root qdisc lock is held. Removing this pair of atomic operations bring me a 8 % performance increase on 200 TCP_RR tests, in presence of throttled classes. This patch has no side effect, since nothing actually uses disc_is_throttled() anymore. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2016-02-29net_sched: update hierarchical backlog tooWANG Cong1-1/+3
When the bottom qdisc decides to, for example, drop some packet, it calls qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() to update the queue length for all its ancestors, we need to update the backlog too to keep the stats on root qdisc accurate. Cc: Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@mojatatu.com> Acked-by: Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@mojatatu.com> Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-10-11net: synack packets can be attached to request socketsEric Dumazet1-1/+2
selinux needs few changes to accommodate fact that SYNACK messages can be attached to a request socket, lacking sk_security pointer (Only syncookies are still attached to a TCP_LISTEN socket) Adds a new sk_listener() helper, and use it in selinux and sch_fq Fixes: ca6fb0651883 ("tcp: attach SYNACK messages to request sockets instead of listener") Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Reported by: kernel test robot <ying.huang@linux.intel.com> Cc: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com> Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@parisplace.org> Acked-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-10-03tcp: attach SYNACK messages to request sockets instead of listenerEric Dumazet1-5/+7
If a listen backlog is very big (to avoid syncookies), then the listener sk->sk_wmem_alloc is the main source of false sharing, as we need to touch it twice per SYNACK re-transmit and TX completion. (One SYN packet takes listener lock once, but up to 6 SYNACK are generated) By attaching the skb to the request socket, we remove this source of contention. Tested: listen(fd, 10485760); // single listener (no SO_REUSEPORT) 16 RX/TX queue NIC Sustain a SYNFLOOD attack of ~320,000 SYN per second, Sending ~1,400,000 SYNACK per second. Perf profiles now show listener spinlock being next bottleneck. 20.29% [kernel] [k] queued_spin_lock_slowpath 10.06% [kernel] [k] __inet_lookup_established 5.12% [kernel] [k] reqsk_timer_handler 3.22% [kernel] [k] get_next_timer_interrupt 3.00% [kernel] [k] tcp_make_synack 2.77% [kernel] [k] ipt_do_table 2.70% [kernel] [k] run_timer_softirq 2.50% [kernel] [k] ip_finish_output 2.04% [kernel] [k] cascade Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-04-01pkt_sched: fq: correct spelling of locallySimon Horman1-2/+2
Correct spelling of locally. Also remove extra space before tab character in struct fq_flow. Signed-off-by: Simon Horman <simon.horman@netronome.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-05Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller1-2/+8
Conflicts: drivers/net/vxlan.c drivers/vhost/net.c include/linux/if_vlan.h net/core/dev.c The net/core/dev.c conflict was the overlap of one commit marking an existing function static whilst another was adding a new function. In the include/linux/if_vlan.h case, the type used for a local variable was changed in 'net', whereas the function got rewritten to fix a stacked vlan bug in 'net-next'. In drivers/vhost/net.c, Al Viro's iov_iter conversions in 'net-next' overlapped with an endainness fix for VHOST 1.0 in 'net'. In drivers/net/vxlan.c, vxlan_find_vni() added a 'flags' parameter in 'net-next' whereas in 'net' there was a bug fix to pass in the correct network namespace pointer in calls to this function. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-04pkt_sched: fq: better control of DDOS trafficEric Dumazet1-2/+17
FQ has a fast path for skb attached to a socket, as it does not have to compute a flow hash. But for other packets, FQ being non stochastic means that hosts exposed to random Internet traffic can allocate million of flows structure (104 bytes each) pretty easily. Not only host can OOM, but lookup in RB trees can take too much cpu and memory resources. This patch adds a new attribute, orphan_mask, that is adding possibility of having a stochastic hash for orphaned skb. Its default value is 1024 slots, to mimic SFQ behavior. Note: This does not apply to locally generated TCP traffic, and no locally generated traffic will share a flow structure with another perfect or stochastic flow. This patch also handles the specific case of SYNACK messages: They are attached to the listener socket, and therefore all map to a single hash bucket. If listener have set SO_MAX_PACING_RATE, hoping to have new accepted socket inherit this rate, SYNACK might be paced and even dropped. This is very similar to an internal patch Google have used more than one year. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-04tcp: do not pace pure ack packetsEric Dumazet1-2/+8
When we added pacing to TCP, we decided to let sch_fq take care of actual pacing. All TCP had to do was to compute sk->pacing_rate using simple formula: sk->pacing_rate = 2 * cwnd * mss / rtt It works well for senders (bulk flows), but not very well for receivers or even RPC : cwnd on the receiver can be less than 10, rtt can be around 100ms, so we can end up pacing ACK packets, slowing down the sender. Really, only the sender should pace, according to its own logic. Instead of adding a new bit in skb, or call yet another flow dissection, we tweak skb->truesize to a small value (2), and we instruct sch_fq to use new helper and not pace pure ack. Note this also helps TCP small queue, as ack packets present in qdisc/NIC do not prevent sending a data packet (RPC workload) This helps to reduce tx completion overhead, ack packets can use regular sock_wfree() instead of tcp_wfree() which is a bit more expensive. This has no impact in the case packets are sent to loopback interface, as we do not coalesce ack packets (were we would detect skb->truesize lie) In case netem (with a delay) is used, skb_orphan_partial() also sets skb->truesize to 1. This patch is a combination of two patches we used for about one year at Google. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-04pkt_sched: fq: avoid hang when quantum 0Kenneth Klette Jonassen1-2/+8
Configuring fq with quantum 0 hangs the system, presumably because of a non-interruptible infinite loop. Either way quantum 0 does not make sense. Reproduce with: sudo tc qdisc add dev lo root fq quantum 0 initial_quantum 0 ping 127.0.0.1 Signed-off-by: Kenneth Klette Jonassen <kennetkl@ifi.uio.no> Acked-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-01-28pkt_sched: fq: remove useless TIME_WAIT checkEric Dumazet1-2/+2
TIME_WAIT sockets are not owning any skb. ip_send_unicast_reply() and tcp_v6_send_response() both use regular sockets. We can safely remove a test in sch_fq and save one cache line miss, as sk_state is far away from sk_pacing_rate. Tested at Google for about one year. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-11-26pkt_sched: fq: increase max delay from 125 ms to one secondEric Dumazet1-5/+4
FQ/pacing has a clamp of delay of 125 ms, to avoid some possible harm. It turns out this delay is too small to allow pacing low rates : Some ISP setup very aggressive policers as low as 16kbit. Now TCP stack has spurious rtx prevention, it seems safe to increase this fixed parameter, without adding a qdisc attribute. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Yang Yingliang <yangyingliang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-06net: sched: avoid costly atomic operation in fq_dequeue()Eric Dumazet1-4/+2
Standard qdisc API to setup a timer implies an atomic operation on every packet dequeue : qdisc_unthrottled() It turns out this is not really needed for FQ, as FQ has no concept of global qdisc throttling, being a qdisc handling many different flows, some of them can be throttled, while others are not. Fix is straightforward : add a 'bool throttle' to qdisc_watchdog_schedule_ns(), and remove calls to qdisc_unthrottled() in sch_fq. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-30net: sched: implement qstat helper routinesJohn Fastabend1-2/+2
This adds helpers to manipulate qstats logic and replaces locations that touch the counters directly. This simplifies future patches to push qstats onto per cpu counters. Signed-off-by: John Fastabend <john.r.fastabend@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-08-22net: use ktime_get_ns() and ktime_get_real_ns() helpersEric Dumazet1-2/+2
ktime_get_ns() replaces ktime_to_ns(ktime_get()) ktime_get_real_ns() replaces ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_real()) Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-06-05net: use the new API kvfree()WANG Cong1-4/+1
It is available since v3.15-rc5. Cc: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-03-13net_sched: return nla_nest_end() instead of skb->lenYang Yingliang1-2/+1
nla_nest_end() already has return skb->len, so replace return skb->len with return nla_nest_end instead(). Signed-off-by: Yang Yingliang <yangyingliang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>