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2020-01-16kbuild: remove *.tmp file when filechk failsMasahiro Yamada1-8/+7
Bartosz Golaszewski reports that when "make {menu,n,g,x}config" fails due to missing packages, a temporary file is left over, which is not ignored by git. For example, if GTK+ is not installed: $ make gconfig * * Unable to find the GTK+ installation. Please make sure that * the GTK+ 2.0 development package is correctly installed. * You need gtk+-2.0 gmodule-2.0 libglade-2.0 * scripts/kconfig/Makefile:208: recipe for target 'scripts/kconfig/gconf-cfg' failed make[1]: *** [scripts/kconfig/gconf-cfg] Error 1 Makefile:567: recipe for target 'gconfig' failed make: *** [gconfig] Error 2 $ git status HEAD detached at v5.4 Untracked files: (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed) scripts/kconfig/gconf-cfg.tmp nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track) This is because the check scripts are run with filechk, which misses to clean up the temporary file on failure. When the line { $(filechk_$(1)); } > $@.tmp; ... fails, it exits immediately due to the 'set -e'. Use trap to make sure to delete the temporary file on exit. For extra safety, I replaced $@.tmp with $(dot-target).tmp to make it a hidden file. Reported-by: Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
2020-01-07kbuild: create modules.builtin without Makefile.modbuiltin or tristate.confMasahiro Yamada1-6/+0
Commit bc081dd6e9f6 ("kbuild: generate modules.builtin") added infrastructure to generate modules.builtin, the list of all builtin modules. Basically, it works like this: - Kconfig generates include/config/tristate.conf, the list of tristate CONFIG options with a value in a capital letter. - scripts/Makefile.modbuiltin makes Kbuild descend into directories to collect the information of builtin modules. I am not a big fan of it because Kbuild ends up with traversing the source tree twice. I am not sure how perfectly it should work, but this approach cannot avoid false positives; even if the relevant CONFIG option is tristate, some Makefiles forces obj-m to obj-y. Some examples are: arch/powerpc/platforms/powermac/Makefile: obj-$(CONFIG_NVRAM:m=y) += nvram.o net/ipv6/Makefile: obj-$(subst m,y,$(CONFIG_IPV6)) += inet6_hashtables.o net/netlabel/Makefile: obj-$(subst m,y,$(CONFIG_IPV6)) += netlabel_calipso.o Nobody has complained about (or noticed) it, so it is probably fine to have false positives in modules.builtin. This commit simplifies the implementation. Let's exploit the fact that every module has MODULE_LICENSE(). (modpost shows a warning if MODULE_LICENSE is missing. If so, 0-day bot would already have blocked such a module.) I added MODULE_FILE to <linux/module.h>. When the code is being compiled as builtin, it will be filled with the file path of the module, and collected into modules.builtin.info. Then, scripts/link-vmlinux.sh extracts the list of builtin modules out of it. This new approach fixes the false-positives above, but adds another type of false-positives; non-modular code may have MODULE_LICENSE() by mistake. This is not a big deal, it is just the code is always orphan. We can clean it up if we like. You can see cleanup examples by: $ git log --grep='make.* explicitly non-modular' To sum up, this commits deletes lots of code, but still produces almost equivalent results. Please note it does not increase the vmlinux size at all. As you can see in include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h, the .modinfo section is discarded in the link stage. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
2020-01-07kbuild: add stringify helper to quote a string passed to C filesMasahiro Yamada1-0/+4
Make $(squote)$(quote)...$(quote)$(squote) a helper macro. I will reuse it in the next commit. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
2019-11-11kbuild: rename any-prereq to newer-prereqsMasahiro Yamada1-5/+5
GNU Make manual says: $? The names of all the prerequisites that are newer than the target, with spaces between them. To reflect this, rename any-prereq to newer-prereqs, which is clearer and more intuitive. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-11-11kbuild: drop $(wildcard $^) check in if_changed* for faster rebuildMasahiro Yamada1-2/+5
The incremental build of Linux kernel is pretty slow when lots of objects are compiled. The rebuild of allmodconfig may take a few minutes even when none of the objects needs to be rebuilt. The time-consuming part in the incremental build is the evaluation of if_changed* macros since they are used in the recipes to compile C and assembly source files into objects. I notice the following code in if_changed* is expensive: $(filter-out $(PHONY) $(wildcard $^),$^) In the incremental build, every object has its .*.cmd file, which contains the auto-generated list of included headers. So, $^ are expanded into the long list of the source file + included headers, and $(wildcard $^) checks whether they exist. It may not be clear why this check exists there. Here is the record of my research. [1] The first code addition into Kbuild This code dates back to 2002. It is the pre-git era. So, I copy-pasted it from the historical git tree. | commit 4a6db0791528c220655b063cf13fefc8470dbfee (HEAD) | Author: Kai Germaschewski <kai@tp1.ruhr-uni-bochum.de> | Date: Mon Jun 17 00:22:37 2002 -0500 | | kbuild: Handle removed headers | | New and old way to handle dependencies would choke when a file | #include'd by other files was removed, since the dependency on it was | still recorded, but since it was gone, make has no idea what to do about | it (and would complain with "No rule to make <file> ...") | | We now add targets for all the previously included files, so make will | just ignore them if they disappear. | | diff --git a/Rules.make b/Rules.make | index 6ef827d3df39..7db5301ea7db 100644 | --- a/Rules.make | +++ b/Rules.make | @@ -446,7 +446,7 @@ if_changed = $(if $(strip $? \ | # execute the command and also postprocess generated .d dependencies | # file | | -if_changed_dep = $(if $(strip $? \ | +if_changed_dep = $(if $(strip $? $(filter-out FORCE $(wildcard $^),$^)\ | $(filter-out $(cmd_$(1)),$(cmd_$@))\ | $(filter-out $(cmd_$@),$(cmd_$(1)))),\ | @set -e; \ | diff --git a/scripts/fixdep.c b/scripts/fixdep.c | index b5d7bee8efc7..db45bd1888c0 100644 | --- a/scripts/fixdep.c | +++ b/scripts/fixdep.c | @@ -292,7 +292,7 @@ void parse_dep_file(void *map, size_t len) | exit(1); | } | memcpy(s, m, p-m); s[p-m] = 0; | - printf("%s: \\\n", target); | + printf("deps_%s := \\\n", target); | m = p+1; | | clear_config(); | @@ -314,7 +314,8 @@ void parse_dep_file(void *map, size_t len) | } | m = p + 1; | } | - printf("\n"); | + printf("\n%s: $(deps_%s)\n\n", target, target); | + printf("$(deps_%s):\n", target); | } | | void print_deps(void) The "No rule to make <file> ..." error can be solved by passing -MP to the compiler, but I think the detection of header removal is a good feature. When a header is removed, all source files that previously included it should be re-compiled. This makes sure we has correctly got rid of #include directives of it. This is also related with the behavior of $?. The GNU Make manual says: $? The names of all the prerequisites that are newer than the target, with spaces between them. This does not explain whether a non-existent prerequisite is considered to be newer than the target. At this point of time, GNU Make 3.7x was used, where the $? did not include non-existent prerequisites. Therefore, $(filter-out FORCE $(wildcard $^),$^) was useful to detect the header removal, and to rebuild the related objects if it is the case. [2] Change of $? behavior Later, the behavior of $? was changed (fixed) to include prerequisites that did not exist. First, GNU Make commit 64e16d6c00a5 ("Various changes getting ready for the release of 3.81.") changed it, but in the release test of 3.81, it turned out to break the kernel build. See these: - http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/bug-make/2006-03/msg00003.html - https://savannah.gnu.org/bugs/?16002 - https://savannah.gnu.org/bugs/?16051 Then, GNU Make commit 6d8d9b74d9c5 ("Numerous updates to tests for issues found on Cygwin and Windows.") reverted it for the 3.81 release to give Linux kernel time to adjust to the new behavior. After the 3.81 release, GNU Make commit 7595f38f62af ("Fixed a number of documentation bugs, plus some build/install issues:") re-added it. [3] Adjustment to the new $? behavior on Kbuild side Meanwhile, the kernel build was changed by commit 4f1933620f57 ("kbuild: change kbuild to not rely on incorrect GNU make behavior") to adjust to the new $? behavior. [4] GNU Make 3.82 released in 2010 GNU Make 3.82 was the first release that integrated the correct $? behavior. At this point, Kbuild dealt with GNU Make versions with different $? behaviors. 3.81 or older: $? does not contain any non-existent prerequisite. $(filter-out $(PHONY) $(wildcard $^),$^) was useful to detect removed include headers. 3.82 or newer: $? contains non-existent prerequisites. When a header is removed, it appears in $?. $(filter-out $(PHONY) $(wildcard $^),$^) became a redundant check. With the correct $? behavior, we could have dropped the expensive check for 3.82 or later, but we did not. (Maybe nobody noticed this optimization.) [5] The .SECONDARY special target trips up $? Some time later, I noticed $? did not work as expected under some circumstances. As above, $? should contain non-existent prerequisites, but the ones specified as SECONDARY do not appear in $?. I asked this in GNU Make ML, and it seems a bug: https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/bug-make/2019-01/msg00001.html Since commit 8e9b61b293d9 ("kbuild: move .SECONDARY special target to Kbuild.include"), all files, including headers listed in .*.cmd files, are treated as secondary. So, we are back into the incorrect $? behavior. If we Kbuild want to react to the header removal, we need to keep $(filter-out $(PHONY) $(wildcard $^),$^) but this makes the rebuild so slow. [Summary] - I believe noticing the header removal and recompiling related objects is a nice feature for the build system. - If $? worked correctly, $(filter-out $(PHONY),$?) would be enough to detect the header removal. - Currently, $? does not work correctly when used with .SECONDARY, and Kbuild is hit by this bug. - I filed a bug report for this, but not fixed yet as of writing. - Currently, the header removal is detected by the following expensive code: $(filter-out $(PHONY) $(wildcard $^),$^) - I do not want to revert commit 8e9b61b293d9 ("kbuild: move .SECONDARY special target to Kbuild.include"). Specifying .SECONDARY globally is clean, and it matches to the Kbuild policy. This commit proactively removes the expensive check since it makes the incremental build faster. A downside is Kbuild will no longer be able to notice the header removal. You can confirm it by the full-build followed by a header removal, and then re-build. $ make defconfig all [ full build ] $ rm include/linux/device.h $ make CALL scripts/checksyscalls.sh CALL scripts/atomic/check-atomics.sh DESCEND objtool CHK include/generated/compile.h Kernel: arch/x86/boot/bzImage is ready (#11) Building modules, stage 2. MODPOST 12 modules Previously, Kbuild noticed a missing header and emits a build error. Now, Kbuild is fine with it. This is an unusual corner-case, not a big deal. Once the $? bug is fixed in GNU Make, everything will work fine. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-10-01kbuild: remove ar-option and KBUILD_ARFLAGSMasahiro Yamada1-5/+0
Commit 40df759e2b9e ("kbuild: Fix build with binutils <= 2.19") introduced ar-option and KBUILD_ARFLAGS to deal with old binutils. According to Documentation/process/changes.rst, the current minimal supported version of binutils is 2.21 so you can assume the 'D' option is always supported. Not only GNU ar but also llvm-ar supports it. With the 'D' option hard-coded, there is no more user of ar-option or KBUILD_ARFLAGS. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Tested-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
2019-07-27kbuild: remove unused objectify macroMasahiro Yamada1-3/+0
Commit 415008af3219 ("docs-rst: convert lsm from DocBook to ReST") removed the last users of this macro. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-07-17kbuild: remove unused hostcc-optionMasahiro Yamada1-5/+0
We can re-add this whenever it is needed. At this moment, it is unused. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-07-12Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuildLinus Torvalds1-17/+11
Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - remove headers_{install,check}_all targets - remove unreasonable 'depends on !UML' from CONFIG_SAMPLES - re-implement 'make headers_install' more cleanly - add new header-test-y syntax to compile-test headers - compile-test exported headers to ensure they are compilable in user-space - compile-test headers under include/ to ensure they are self-contained - remove -Waggregate-return, -Wno-uninitialized, -Wno-unused-value flags - add -Werror=unknown-warning-option for Clang - add 128-bit built-in types support to genksyms - fix missed rebuild of modules.builtin - propagate 'No space left on device' error in fixdep to Make - allow Clang to use its integrated assembler - improve some coccinelle scripts - add a new flag KBUILD_ABS_SRCTREE to request Kbuild to use absolute path for $(srctree). - do not ignore errors when compression utility is missing - misc cleanups * tag 'kbuild-v5.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild: (49 commits) kbuild: use -- separater intead of $(filter-out ...) for cc-cross-prefix kbuild: Inform user to pass ARCH= for make mrproper kbuild: fix compression errors getting ignored kbuild: add a flag to force absolute path for srctree kbuild: replace KBUILD_SRCTREE with boolean building_out_of_srctree kbuild: remove src and obj from the top Makefile scripts/tags.sh: remove unused environment variables from comments scripts/tags.sh: drop SUBARCH support for ARM kbuild: compile-test kernel headers to ensure they are self-contained kheaders: include only headers into kheaders_data.tar.xz kheaders: remove meaningless -R option of 'ls' kbuild: support header-test-pattern-y kbuild: do not create wrappers for header-test-y kbuild: compile-test exported headers to ensure they are self-contained init/Kconfig: add CONFIG_CC_CAN_LINK kallsyms: exclude kasan local symbols on s390 kbuild: add more hints about SUBDIRS replacement coccinelle: api/stream_open: treat all wait_.*() calls as blocking coccinelle: put_device: Add a cast to an expression for an assignment coccinelle: put_device: Adjust a message construction ...
2019-07-11kbuild: use -- separater intead of $(filter-out ...) for cc-cross-prefixMasahiro Yamada1-2/+2
arch/mips/Makefile passes prefixes that start with '-' to cc-cross-prefix when $(tool-archpref) evaluates to the empty string. They are filtered-out before the $(shell ...) invocation. Otherwise, 'command -v' would be confused. $ command -v -linux-gcc bash: command: -l: invalid option command: usage: command [-pVv] command [arg ...] Since commit 913ab9780fc0 ("kbuild: use more portable 'command -v' for cc-cross-prefix"), cc-cross-prefix throws away the stderr output, so the console is not polluted in any way. This is not a big deal in practice, but I see a slightly better taste in adding '--' to teach it that '-linux-gcc' is an argument instead of a command option. This will cause extra forking of subshell, but it will not be noticeable performance regression. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-07-01kbuild: save $(strip ...) for calling if_changed and friendsMasahiro Yamada1-3/+3
The string returned by $(filter-out ...) does not contain any leading or trailing spaces. With the previous commit, 'any-prereq' no longer contains any excessive spaces. Nor does 'cmd-check' since it expands to a $(filter-out ...) call. So, only the space that matters is the one between 'any-prereq' and 'cmd-check'. By removing it from the code, we can save $(strip ...) evaluation. This refactoring is possible because $(any-prereq)$(cmd-check) is only passed to the first argument of $(if ...), so we are only interested in whether or not it is empty. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-07-01kbuild: save $(strip ...) for calling any-prepreqMasahiro Yamada1-2/+2
The string returned by $(filter-out ...) does not contain any leading or trailing spaces. So, only the space that matters is the one between $(filter-out $(PHONY),$?) and $(filter-out $(PHONY) $(wildcard $^),$^) By removing it from the code, we can save $(strip ...) evaluation. This refactoring is possible because $(any-prereq) is only passed to the first argument of $(if ...), so we are only interested in whether or not it is empty. This is also the prerequisite for the next commit. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-07-01kbuild: rename arg-check to cmd-checkMasahiro Yamada1-7/+7
I prefer 'cmd-check' for consistency. We have 'echo-cmd', 'cmd', 'cmd_and_fixdep', etc. in this file. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-06-15kbuild: move hdr-inst shorthand to top MakefileMasahiro Yamada1-6/+0
Now that hdr-inst is used only in the top Makefile, move it there from scripts/Kbuild.include. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-06-14docs: kbuild: convert docs to ReST and rename to *.rstMauro Carvalho Chehab1-2/+2
The kbuild documentation clearly shows that the documents there are written at different times: some use markdown, some use their own peculiar logic to split sections. Convert everything to ReST without affecting too much the author's style and avoiding adding uneeded markups. The conversion is actually: - add blank lines and identation in order to identify paragraphs; - fix tables markups; - add some lists markups; - mark literal blocks; - adjust title markups. At its new index.rst, let's add a :orphan: while this is not linked to the main index.rst file, in order to avoid build warnings. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2019-06-08kbuild: use more portable 'command -v' for cc-cross-prefixMasahiro Yamada1-1/+6
To print the pathname that will be used by shell in the current environment, 'command -v' is a standardized way. [1] 'which' is also often used in scripts, but it is less portable. When I worked on commit bd55f96fa9fc ("kbuild: refactor cc-cross-prefix implementation"), I was eager to use 'command -v' but it did not work. (The reason is explained below.) I kept 'which' as before but got rid of '> /dev/null 2>&1' as I thought it was no longer needed. Sorry, I was wrong. It works well on my Ubuntu machine, but Alexey Brodkin reports noisy warnings on CentOS7 when 'which' fails to find the given command in the PATH environment. $ which foo which: no foo in (/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin) Given that behavior of 'which' depends on system (and it may not be installed by default), I want to try 'command -v' once again. The specification [1] clearly describes the behavior of 'command -v' when the given command is not found: Otherwise, no output shall be written and the exit status shall reflect that the name was not found. However, we need a little magic to use 'command -v' from Make. $(shell ...) passes the argument to a subshell for execution, and returns the standard output of the command. Here is a trick. GNU Make may optimize this by executing the command directly instead of forking a subshell, if no shell special characters are found in the command and omitting the subshell will not change the behavior. In this case, no shell special character is used. So, Make will try to run it directly. However, 'command' is a shell-builtin command, then Make would fail to find it in the PATH environment: $ make ARCH=m68k defconfig make: command: Command not found make: command: Command not found make: command: Command not found In fact, Make has a table of shell-builtin commands because it must ask the shell to execute them. Until recently, 'command' was missing in the table. This issue was fixed by the following commit: | commit 1af314465e5dfe3e8baa839a32a72e83c04f26ef | Author: Paul Smith <psmith@gnu.org> | Date: Sun Nov 12 18:10:28 2017 -0500 | | * job.c: Add "command" as a known shell built-in. | | This is not a POSIX shell built-in but it's common in UNIX shells. | Reported by Nick Bowler <nbowler@draconx.ca>. Because the latest release is GNU Make 4.2.1 in 2016, this commit is not included in any released versions. (But some distributions may have back-ported it.) We need to trick Make to spawn a subshell. There are various ways to do so: 1) Use a shell special character '~' as dummy $(shell : ~; command -v $(c)gcc) 2) Use a variable reference that always expands to the empty string (suggested by David Laight) $(shell command$${x:+} -v $(c)gcc) 3) Use redirect $(shell command -v $(c)gcc 2>/dev/null) I chose 3) to not confuse people. The stderr would not be polluted anyway, but it will provide extra safety, and is easy to understand. Tested on Make 3.81, 3.82, 4.0, 4.1, 4.2, 4.2.1 [1] http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/utilities/command.html Fixes: bd55f96fa9fc ("kbuild: refactor cc-cross-prefix implementation") Cc: linux-stable <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 5.1 Reported-by: Alexey Brodkin <abrodkin@synopsys.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Tested-by: Alexey Brodkin <abrodkin@synopsys.com>
2019-05-30treewide: Add SPDX license identifier - KbuildGreg Kroah-Hartman1-0/+1
Add SPDX license identifiers to all Make/Kconfig files which: - Have no license information of any form These files fall under the project license, GPL v2 only. The resulting SPDX license identifier is: GPL-2.0 Reported-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-05-21kbuild: drop support for cc-ldoptionNick Desaulniers1-5/+0
If you want to see if your linker supports a certain flag, then ask the linker directly with ld-option (not the compiler with cc-ldoption). Checking for linker flag support is an antipattern that complicates the usage of various linkers other than bfd via -fuse-ld={bfd|gold|lld}. Cc: clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com Suggested-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-05-18kbuild: remove 'addtree' and 'flags' magic for header search pathsMasahiro Yamada1-8/+0
The 'addtree' and 'flags' in scripts/Kbuild.include are so compilecated and ugly. As I mentioned in [1], Kbuild should stop automatic prefixing of header search path options. I fixed up (almost) all Makefiles in the kernel. Now 'addtree' and 'flags' have been removed. Kbuild still caters to add $(srctree)/$(src) and $(objtree)/$(obj) to the header search path for O= building, but never touches extra compiler options from ccflags-y etc. [1]: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9632347/ Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-03-04kbuild: remove cc-version macroMasahiro Yamada1-4/+1
There is no more direct user of this macro; it is only used by cc-ifversion. Calling this macro is not efficient since it invokes the compiler to get the compiler version. CONFIG_GCC_VERSION is already calculated in the Kconfig stage, so Makefile can reuse it. Here is a note about the slight difference between cc-version and CONFIG_GCC_VERSION: When using Clang, cc-version is evaluated to '0402' because Clang defines __GNUC__ and __GNUC__MINOR__, and looks like GCC 4.2 in the version point of view. On the other hand, CONFIG_GCC_VERSION=0 when $(CC) is clang. There are currently two users of cc-ifversion: arch/mips/loongson64/Platform arch/powerpc/Makefile They are not affected by this change. The format of cc-version is <major><minor>, while CONFIG_GCC_VERSION <major><minor><patch>. I adjusted cc-ifversion for the difference of the number of digits. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-02-27kbuild: refactor cc-cross-prefix implementationMasahiro Yamada1-8/+4
- $(word 1, <text>) is equivalent to $(firstword <text>) - hardcode "gcc" instead of $(CC) - minimize the shell script part A little more notes in case $(filter-out -%, ...) is not clear. arch/mips/Makefile passes prefixes depending on the configuration. CROSS_COMPILE := $(call cc-cross-prefix, $(tool-archpref)-linux- \ $(tool-archpref)-linux-gnu- $(tool-archpref)-unknown-linux-gnu-) In the Kconfig stage (e.g. when you run 'make defconfig'), neither CONFIG_32BIT nor CONFIG_64BIT is defined. So, $(tool-archpref) is empty. As a result, "-linux -linux-gnu- -unknown-linux-gnu" is passed into cc-cross-prefix. The command 'which' assumes arguments starting with a hyphen as command options, then emits the following messages: Illegal option -l Illegal option -l Illegal option -u I think it is strange to define CROSS_COMPILE depending on the CONFIG options since you need to feed $(CC) to Kconfig, but it is how MIPS Makefile currently works. Anyway, it would not hurt to filter-out invalid strings beforehand. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-01-28kbuild: add real-prereqs shorthand for $(filter-out FORCE,$^)Masahiro Yamada1-0/+4
In Kbuild, if_changed and friends must have FORCE as a prerequisite. Hence, $(filter-out FORCE,$^) or $(filter-out $(PHONY),$^) is a common idiom to get the names of all the prerequisites except phony targets. Add real-prereqs as a shorthand. Note: We cannot replace $(filter %.o,$^) in cmd_link_multi-m because $^ may include auto-generated dependencies from the .*.cmd file when a single object module is changed into a multi object module. Refer to commit 69ea912fda74 ("kbuild: remove unneeded link_multi_deps"). I added some comment to avoid accidental breakage. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
2019-01-14kbuild: remove unused baseprereqMasahiro Yamada1-4/+0
Commit eea199b445f6 ("kbuild: remove unnecessary LEX_PREFIX and YACC_PREFIX") removed the last users of this macro. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-01-06kbuild: use assignment instead of define ... endef for filechk_* rulesMasahiro Yamada1-4/+4
You do not have to use define ... endef for filechk_* rules. For simple cases, the use of assignment looks cleaner, IMHO. I updated the usage for scripts/Kbuild.include in case somebody misunderstands the 'define ... endif' is the requirement. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
2019-01-06kbuild: change filechk to surround the given command with { }Masahiro Yamada1-1/+1
filechk_* rules often consist of multiple 'echo' lines. They must be surrounded with { } or ( ) to work correctly. Otherwise, only the string from the last 'echo' would be written into the target. Let's take care of that in the 'filechk' in scripts/Kbuild.include to clean up filechk_* rules. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-12-29Merge tag 'kbuild-v4.21' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuildLinus Torvalds1-42/+10
Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: "Kbuild core: - remove unneeded $(call cc-option,...) switches - consolidate Clang compiler flags into CLANG_FLAGS - announce the deprecation of SUBDIRS - fix single target build for external module - simplify the dependencies of 'prepare' stage targets - allow fixdep to directly write to .*.cmd files - simplify dependency generation for CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS - change if_changed_rule to accept multi-line recipe - move .SECONDARY special target to scripts/Kbuild.include - remove redundant 'set -e' - improve parallel execution for CONFIG_HEADERS_CHECK - misc cleanups Treewide fixes and cleanups - set Clang flags correctly for PowerPC boot images - fix UML build error with CONFIG_GCC_PLUGINS - remove unneeded patterns from .gitignore files - refactor firmware/Makefile - remove unneeded rules for *offsets.s - avoid unneeded regeneration of intermediate .s files - clean up ./Kbuild Modpost: - remove unused -M, -K options - fix false positive warnings about section mismatch - use simple devtable lookup instead of linker magic - misc cleanups Coccinelle: - relax boolinit.cocci checks for overall consistency - fix warning messages of boolinit.cocci Other tools: - improve -dirty check of scripts/setlocalversion - add a tool to generate compile_commands.json from .*.cmd files" * tag 'kbuild-v4.21' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild: (51 commits) kbuild: remove unused cmd_gentimeconst kbuild: remove $(obj)/ prefixes in ./Kbuild treewide: add intermediate .s files to targets treewide: remove explicit rules for *offsets.s firmware: refactor firmware/Makefile firmware: remove unnecessary patterns from .gitignore scripts: remove unnecessary ihex2fw and check-lc_ctypes from .gitignore um: remove unused filechk_gen_header in Makefile scripts: add a tool to produce a compile_commands.json file kbuild: add -Werror=implicit-int flag unconditionally kbuild: add -Werror=strict-prototypes flag unconditionally kbuild: add -fno-PIE flag unconditionally scripts: coccinelle: Correct warning message scripts: coccinelle: only suggest true/false in files that already use them kbuild: handle part-of-module correctly for *.ll and *.symtypes kbuild: refactor part-of-module kbuild: refactor quiet_modtag kbuild: remove redundant quiet_modtag for $(obj-m) kbuild: refactor Makefile.asm-generic user/Makefile: Fix typo and capitalization in comment section ...
2018-12-19Revert "kbuild/Makefile: Prepare for using macros in inline assembly code to work around asm() related GCC inlining bugs"Ingo Molnar1-3/+1
This reverts commit 77b0bf55bc675233d22cd5df97605d516d64525e. See this commit for details about the revert: e769742d3584 ("Revert "x86/jump-labels: Macrofy inline assembly code to work around GCC inlining bugs"") Conflicts: arch/x86/Makefile Reported-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Richard Biener <rguenther@suse.de> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Segher Boessenkool <segher@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2018-12-02kbuild: move .SECONDARY special target to Kbuild.includeMasahiro Yamada1-0/+3
In commit 54a702f70589 ("kbuild: mark $(targets) as .SECONDARY and remove .PRECIOUS markers"), I missed one important feature of the .SECONDARY target: .SECONDARY with no prerequisites causes all targets to be treated as secondary. ... which agrees with the policy of Kbuild. Let's move it to scripts/Kbuild.include, with no prerequisites. Note: If an intermediate file is generated by $(call if_changed,...), you still need to add it to "targets" so its .*.cmd file is included. The arm/arm64 crypto files are generated by $(call cmd,shipped), so they do not need to be added to "targets", but need to be added to "clean-files" so "make clean" can properly clean them away. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-12-01kbuild: refactor if_changedMasahiro Yamada1-2/+1
'@set -e; $(echo-cmd) $(cmd_$(1)' can be replaced with '$(cmd)'. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-12-01kbuild: remove trailing semicolon from cmd_* passed to if_changed_ruleMasahiro Yamada1-1/+1
With the change of rule_cc_o_c / rule_as_o_S in the last commit, each command is executed in a separate subshell. Rip off unneeded semicolons. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-12-01kbuild: change if_changed_rule for multi-line recipeMasahiro Yamada1-8/+4
The 'define' ... 'endef' directive is useful to confine a series of shell commands into a single macro: define foo [action1] [action2] [action3] endif Each action is executed in a separate subshell. However, rule_cc_o_c and rule_as_o_S in scripts/Makefile.build are written as follows (with a trailing semicolon in each cmd_*): define rule_cc_o_c [action1] ; \ [action2] ; \ [action3] ; endef All shell commands are concatenated with '; \' so that it looks like a single command from the Makefile point of view. This does not exploit the benefits of 'define' ... 'endef' form because a single shell command can be more simply written, like this: rule_cc_o_c = \ [action1] ; \ [action2] ; \ [action3] ; I guess the intention for the command concatenation was to let the '@set -e' in if_changed_rule cover all the commands. We can improve the readability by moving '@set -e' to the 'cmd' macro. The combo of $(call echo-cmd,*) $(cmd_*) in rule_cc_o_c and rule_as_o_S have been replaced with $(call cmd,*). The trailing back-slashes have been removed. Here is a note about the performance: the commands in rule_cc_o_c and rule_as_o_S were previously executed all together in a single subshell, but now each line in a separate subshell. This means Make will spawn extra subshells [1]. I measured the build performance for x86_64_defconfig + CONFIG_MODVERSIONS + CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS and I saw slight performance regression, but I believe code readability and maintainability wins. [1] Precisely, GNU Make may optimize this by executing the command directly instead of forking a subshell, if no shell special characters are found in the command line and omitting the subshell will not change the behavior. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-12-01kbuild: simplify dependency generation for CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMSMasahiro Yamada1-28/+0
My main motivation of this commit is to clean up scripts/Kbuild.include and scripts/Makefile.build. Currently, CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS works with a tricky gimmick; possibly exported symbols are detected by letting $(CPP) replace EXPORT_SYMBOL* with a special string '=== __KSYM_*===', which is post-processed by sed, and passed to fixdep. The extra preprocessing is costly, and hacking cmd_and_fixdep is ugly. I came up with a new way to find exported symbols; insert a dummy symbol __ksym_marker_* to each potentially exported symbol. Those dummy symbols are picked up by $(NM), post-processed by sed, then appended to .*.cmd files. I collected the post-process part to a new shell script scripts/gen_ksymdeps.sh for readability. The dummy symbols are put into the .discard.* section so that the linker script rips them off the final vmlinux or modules. A nice side-effect is building with CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS will be much faster. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
2018-12-01kbuild: let fixdep directly write to .*.cmd filesMasahiro Yamada1-6/+4
Currently, fixdep writes dependencies to .*.tmp, which is renamed to .*.cmd after everything succeeds. This is a very safe way to avoid corrupted .*.cmd files. The if_changed_dep has carried this safety mechanism since it was added in 2002. If fixdep fails for some reasons or a user terminates the build while fixdep is running, the incomplete output from the fixdep could be troublesome. This is my insight about some bad scenarios: [1] If the compiler succeeds to generate *.o file, but fixdep fails to write necessary dependencies to .*.cmd file, Make will miss to rebuild the object when headers or CONFIG options are changed. In this case, fixdep should not generate .*.cmd file at all so that 'arg-check' will surely trigger the rebuild of the object. [2] A partially constructed .*.cmd file may not be a syntactically correct makefile. The next time Make runs, it would include it, then fail to parse it. Once this happens, 'make clean' is be the only way to fix it. In fact, [1] is no longer a problem since commit 9c2af1c7377a ("kbuild: add .DELETE_ON_ERROR special target"). Make deletes a target file on any failure in its recipe. Because fixdep is a part of the recipe of *.o target, if it fails, the *.o is deleted anyway. However, I am a bit worried about the slight possibility of [2]. So, here is a solution. Let fixdep directly write to a .*.cmd file, but allow makefiles to include it only when its corresponding target exists. This effectively reverts commit 2982c953570b ("kbuild: remove redundant $(wildcard ...) for cmd_files calculation"), and commit 00d78ab2ba75 ("kbuild: remove dead code in cmd_files calculation in top Makefile") because now we must check the presence of targets. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-11-02kbuild: remove cc-name variableMasahiro Yamada1-4/+0
There is one more user of $(cc-name) in the top Makefile. It is supposed to detect Clang before invoking Kconfig, so it should still be there in the $(shell ...) form. All the other users of $(cc-name) have been replaced with $(CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG). Hence, scripts/Kbuild.include does not need to define cc-name any more. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-11-02kbuild: remove unused cc-fullversion variableMasahiro Yamada1-4/+0
The last user of cc-fullversion was removed by commit f2910f0e6835 ("powerpc: remove old GCC version checks"). Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-10-28Merge tag 'kbuild-v4.20' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuildLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - optimize kallsyms slightly - remove check for old CFLAGS usage - add some compiler flags unconditionally instead of evaluating $(call cc-option,...) - fix variable shadowing in host tools - refactor scripts/mkmakefile - refactor various makefiles * tag 'kbuild-v4.20' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild: modpost: Create macro to avoid variable shadowing ASN.1: Remove unnecessary shadowed local variable kbuild: use 'else ifeq' for checksrc to improve readability kbuild: remove unneeded link_multi_deps kbuild: add -Wno-unused-but-set-variable flag unconditionally kbuild: add -Wdeclaration-after-statement flag unconditionally kbuild: add -Wno-pointer-sign flag unconditionally modpost: remove leftover symbol prefix handling for module device table kbuild: simplify command line creation in scripts/mkmakefile kbuild: do not pass $(objtree) to scripts/mkmakefile kbuild: remove user ID check in scripts/mkmakefile kbuild: remove VERSION and PATCHLEVEL from $(objtree)/Makefile kbuild: add --include-dir flag only for out-of-tree build kbuild: remove dead code in cmd_files calculation in top Makefile kbuild: hide most of targets when running config or mixed targets kbuild: remove old check for CFLAGS use kbuild: prefix Makefile.dtbinst path with $(srctree) unconditionally kallsyms: remove left-over Blackfin code kallsyms: reduce size a little on 64-bit
2018-10-04kbuild/Makefile: Prepare for using macros in inline assembly code to work around asm() related GCC inlining bugsNadav Amit1-1/+3
Using macros in inline assembly allows us to work around bugs in GCC's inlining decisions. Compile macros.S and use it to assemble all C files. Currently only x86 will use it. Background: The inlining pass of GCC doesn't include an assembler, so it's not aware of basic properties of the generated code, such as its size in bytes, or that there are such things as discontiuous blocks of code and data due to the newfangled linker feature called 'sections' ... Instead GCC uses a lazy and fragile heuristic: it does a linear count of certain syntactic and whitespace elements in inlined assembly block source code, such as a count of new-lines and semicolons (!), as a poor substitute for "code size and complexity". Unsurprisingly this heuristic falls over and breaks its neck whith certain common types of kernel code that use inline assembly, such as the frequent practice of putting useful information into alternative sections. As a result of this fresh, 20+ years old GCC bug, GCC's inlining decisions are effectively disabled for inlined functions that make use of such asm() blocks, because GCC thinks those sections of code are "large" - when in reality they are often result in just a very low number of machine instructions. This absolute lack of inlining provess when GCC comes across such asm() blocks both increases generated kernel code size and causes performance overhead, which is particularly noticeable on paravirt kernels, which make frequent use of these inlining facilities in attempt to stay out of the way when running on baremetal hardware. Instead of fixing the compiler we use a workaround: we set an assembly macro and call it from the inlined assembly block. As a result GCC considers the inline assembly block as a single instruction. (Which it often isn't but I digress.) This uglifies and bloats the source code - for example just the refcount related changes have this impact: Makefile | 9 +++++++-- arch/x86/Makefile | 7 +++++++ arch/x86/kernel/macros.S | 7 +++++++ scripts/Kbuild.include | 4 +++- scripts/mod/Makefile | 2 ++ 5 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-) Yay readability and maintainability, it's not like assembly code is hard to read and maintain ... We also hope that GCC will eventually get fixed, but we are not holding our breath for that. Yet we are optimistic, it might still happen, any decade now. [ mingo: Wrote new changelog describing the background. ] Tested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> Acked-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Michal Marek <michal.lkml@markovi.net> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181003213100.189959-3-namit@vmware.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2018-09-13kbuild: prefix Makefile.dtbinst path with $(srctree) unconditionallyMasahiro Yamada1-1/+1
$(srctree) always points to the top of the source tree whether KBUILD_SRC is set or not. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-08-30x86/build: Remove jump label quirk for GCC older than 4.5.2Masahiro Yamada1-4/+0
Commit cafa0010cd51 ("Raise the minimum required gcc version to 4.6") bumped the minimum GCC version to 4.6 for all architectures. Remove the workaround code. It was the only user of cc-if-fullversion. Remove the macro as well. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Michal Marek <michal.lkml@markovi.net> Cc: linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1535348714-25457-1-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
2018-08-24kbuild: rename LDFLAGS to KBUILD_LDFLAGSMasahiro Yamada1-2/+2
Commit a0f97e06a43c ("kbuild: enable 'make CFLAGS=...' to add additional options to CC") renamed CFLAGS to KBUILD_CFLAGS. Commit 222d394d30e7 ("kbuild: enable 'make AFLAGS=...' to add additional options to AS") renamed AFLAGS to KBUILD_AFLAGS. Commit 06c5040cdb13 ("kbuild: enable 'make CPPFLAGS=...' to add additional options to CPP") renamed CPPFLAGS to KBUILD_CPPFLAGS. For some reason, LDFLAGS was not renamed. Using a well-known variable like LDFLAGS may result in accidental override of the variable. Kbuild generally uses KBUILD_ prefixed variables for the internally appended options, so here is one more conversion to sanitize the naming convention. I did not touch Makefiles under tools/ since the tools build system is a different world. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
2018-08-15Merge tag 'kconfig-v4.19' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuildLinus Torvalds1-0/+3
Pull Kconfig updates from Masahiro Yamada: - show clearer error messages where pkg-config is needed, but not installed - rename SYMBOL_AUTO to SYMBOL_NO_WRITE to reflect its semantics - create all necessary directories by Kconfig tool itself instead of Makefile - update the .config unconditionally when syncconfig is invoked - use 'include' directive instead of '-include' where include/config/{auto,tristate}.conf is mandatory - do not try to update the .config when running install targets - add .DELETE_ON_ERROR to delete partially updated files - misc cleanups and fixes * tag 'kconfig-v4.19' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild: kconfig: remove P_ENV property type kconfig: remove unused sym_get_env_prop() function kconfig: fix the rule of mainmenu_stmt symbol init/Kconfig: Use short unix-style option instead of --longname Kbuild: Makefile.modbuiltin: include auto.conf and tristate.conf mandatory kbuild: remove auto.conf from prerequisite of phony targets kbuild: do not update config for 'make kernelrelease' kbuild: do not update config when running install targets kbuild: add .DELETE_ON_ERROR special target kbuild: use 'include' directive to load auto.conf from top Makefile kconfig: allow all config targets to write auto.conf if missing kconfig: make syncconfig update .config regardless of sym_change_count kconfig: create directories needed for syncconfig by itself kconfig: remove unneeded directory generation from local*config kconfig: split out useful helpers in confdata.c kconfig: rename file_write_dep and move it to confdata.c kconfig: fix typos in description of "choice" in kconfig-language.txt kconfig: handle format string before calling conf_message_callback() kconfig: rename SYMBOL_AUTO to SYMBOL_NO_WRITE kconfig: check for pkg-config on make {menu,n,g,x}config
2018-08-15Merge tag 'kbuild-v4.19' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuildLinus Torvalds1-2/+2
Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - verify depmod is installed before modules_install - support build salt in case build ids must be unique between builds - allow users to specify additional host compiler flags via HOST*FLAGS, and rename internal variables to KBUILD_HOST*FLAGS - update buildtar script to drop vax support, add arm64 support - update builddeb script for better debarch support - document the pit-fall of if_changed usage - fix parallel build of UML with O= option - make 'samples' target depend on headers_install to fix build errors - remove deprecated host-progs variable - add a new coccinelle script for refcount_t vs atomic_t check - improve double-test coccinelle script - misc cleanups and fixes * tag 'kbuild-v4.19' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild: (41 commits) coccicheck: return proper error code on fail Coccinelle: doubletest: reduce side effect false positives kbuild: remove deprecated host-progs variable kbuild: make samples really depend on headers_install um: clean up archheaders recipe kbuild: add %asm-generic to no-dot-config-targets um: fix parallel building with O= option scripts: Add Python 3 support to tracing/draw_functrace.py builddeb: Add automatic support for sh{3,4}{,eb} architectures builddeb: Add automatic support for riscv* architectures builddeb: Add automatic support for m68k architecture builddeb: Add automatic support for or1k architecture builddeb: Add automatic support for sparc64 architecture builddeb: Add automatic support for mips{,64}r6{,el} architectures builddeb: Add automatic support for mips64el architecture builddeb: Add automatic support for ppc64 and powerpcspe architectures builddeb: Introduce functions to simplify kconfig tests in set_debarch builddeb: Drop check for 32-bit s390 builddeb: Change architecture detection fallback to use dpkg-architecture builddeb: Skip architecture detection when KBUILD_DEBARCH is set ...
2018-08-14Merge tag 'arm64-upstream' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linuxLinus Torvalds1-2/+2
Pull arm64 updates from Will Deacon: "A bunch of good stuff in here. Worth noting is that we've pulled in the x86/mm branch from -tip so that we can make use of the core ioremap changes which allow us to put down huge mappings in the vmalloc area without screwing up the TLB. Much of the positive diffstat is because of the rseq selftest for arm64. Summary: - Wire up support for qspinlock, replacing our trusty ticket lock code - Add an IPI to flush_icache_range() to ensure that stale instructions fetched into the pipeline are discarded along with the I-cache lines - Support for the GCC "stackleak" plugin - Support for restartable sequences, plus an arm64 port for the selftest - Kexec/kdump support on systems booting with ACPI - Rewrite of our syscall entry code in C, which allows us to zero the GPRs on entry from userspace - Support for chained PMU counters, allowing 64-bit event counters to be constructed on current CPUs - Ensure scheduler topology information is kept up-to-date with CPU hotplug events - Re-enable support for huge vmalloc/IO mappings now that the core code has the correct hooks to use break-before-make sequences - Miscellaneous, non-critical fixes and cleanups" * tag 'arm64-upstream' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux: (90 commits) arm64: alternative: Use true and false for boolean values arm64: kexec: Add comment to explain use of __flush_icache_range() arm64: sdei: Mark sdei stack helper functions as static arm64, kaslr: export offset in VMCOREINFO ELF notes arm64: perf: Add cap_user_time aarch64 efi/libstub: Only disable stackleak plugin for arm64 arm64: drop unused kernel_neon_begin_partial() macro arm64: kexec: machine_kexec should call __flush_icache_range arm64: svc: Ensure hardirq tracing is updated before return arm64: mm: Export __sync_icache_dcache() for xen-privcmd drivers/perf: arm-ccn: Use devm_ioremap_resource() to map memory arm64: Add support for STACKLEAK gcc plugin arm64: Add stack information to on_accessible_stack drivers/perf: hisi: update the sccl_id/ccl_id when MT is supported arm64: fix ACPI dependencies rseq/selftests: Add support for arm64 arm64: acpi: fix alignment fault in accessing ACPI efi/arm: map UEFI memory map even w/o runtime services enabled efi/arm: preserve early mapping of UEFI memory map longer for BGRT drivers: acpi: add dependency of EFI for arm64 ...
2018-07-28kbuild: do not redirect the first prerequisite for filechkMasahiro Yamada1-1/+1
Currently, filechk unconditionally opens the first prerequisite and redirects it as the stdin of a filechk_* rule. Hence, every target using $(call filechk,...) must list something as the first prerequisite even if it is unneeded. '< $<' is actually unneeded in most cases. Each rule can explicitly adds it if necessary. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-07-25kbuild: add .DELETE_ON_ERROR special targetMasahiro Yamada1-0/+3
If Make gets a fatal signal while a shell is executing, it may delete the target file that the recipe was supposed to update. This is needed to make sure that it is remade from scratch when Make is next run; if Make is interrupted after the recipe has begun to write the target file, it results in an incomplete file whose time stamp is newer than that of the prerequisites files. Make automatically deletes the incomplete file on interrupt unless the target is marked .PRECIOUS. The situation is just the same as when the shell fails for some reasons. Usually when a recipe line fails, if it has changed the target file at all, the file is corrupted, or at least it is not completely updated. Yet the file’s time stamp says that it is now up to date, so the next time Make runs, it will not try to update that file. However, Make does not cater to delete the incomplete target file in this case. We need to add .DELETE_ON_ERROR somewhere in the Makefile to request it. scripts/Kbuild.include seems a suitable place to add it because it is included from almost all sub-makes. Please note .DELETE_ON_ERROR is not effective for phony targets. The external module building should never ever touch the kernel tree. The following recipe fails if include/generated/autoconf.h is missing. However, include/config/auto.conf is not deleted since it is a phony target. PHONY += include/config/auto.conf include/config/auto.conf: $(Q)test -e include/generated/autoconf.h -a -e $@ || ( \ echo >&2; \ echo >&2 " ERROR: Kernel configuration is invalid."; \ echo >&2 " include/generated/autoconf.h or $@ are missing.";\ echo >&2 " Run 'make oldconfig && make prepare' on kernel src to fix it."; \ echo >&2 ; \ /bin/false) Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-07-23arm64: build with baremetal linker target instead of Linux when availableOlof Johansson1-2/+2
Not all toolchains have the baremetal elf targets, RedHat/Fedora ones in particular. So, probe for whether it's available and use the previous (linux) targets if it isn't. Reported-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Tested-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Acked-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: Paul Kocialkowski <contact@paulk.fr> Signed-off-by: Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2018-07-18kbuild: Rename HOSTCFLAGS to KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGSLaura Abbott1-1/+1
In preparation for enabling command line CFLAGS, re-name HOSTCFLAGS to KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS as the internal use only flags. This should not have any visible effects. Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-07-06kbuild: do not drop -I without parameterMasahiro Yamada1-1/+1
The comment line for addtree says "skip if -I has no parameter". What it actually does is "drop if -I has no parameter". For example, if you have the compiler flag '-I foo' (a space between), it will be converted to 'foo'. This completely changes the meaning. What we want is, "do nothing" for -I without parameter so that '-I foo' is kept as-is. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-05-29kbuild: remove kbuild cacheMasahiro Yamada1-87/+14
The kbuild cache was introduced to remember the result of shell commands, some of which are expensive to compute, such as $(call cc-option,...). However, this turned out not so clever as I had first expected. Actually, it is problematic. For example, "$(CC) -print-file-name" is cached. If the compiler is updated, the stale search path causes build error, which is difficult to figure out. Another problem scenario is cache files could be touched while install targets are running under the root permission. We can patch them if desired, but the build infrastructure is getting uglier and uglier. Now, we are going to move compiler flag tests to the configuration phase. If this is completed, the result of compiler tests will be naturally cached in the .config file. We will not have performance issues of incremental building since this testing only happens at Kconfig time. To start this work with a cleaner code base, remove the kbuild cache first. Revert the following commits: Commit 9a234a2e3843 ("kbuild: create directory for make cache only when necessary") Commit e17c400ae194 ("kbuild: shrink .cache.mk when it exceeds 1000 lines") Commit 4e56207130ed ("kbuild: Cache a few more calls to the compiler") Commit 3298b690b21c ("kbuild: Add a cache for generated variables") Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2018-05-28kbuild: do not display CHK for filechkMasahiro Yamada1-1/+0
filechk displays two short logs; CHK for creating a temporary file, and UPD for really updating the target. IMHO, the build system can be quiet when the target file has not been updated. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>