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2019-10-30selftests/powerpc: Add a test of spectre_v2 mitigationsMichael Ellerman1-0/+1
This test uses the PMU to count branch prediction hits/misses for a known loop, and compare the result to the reported spectre v2 mitigation. This gives us a way of sanity checking that the reported mitigation is actually in effect. Sample output for some cases, eg: Power9: sysfs reports: 'Vulnerable' PM_BR_PRED_CCACHE: result 368 running/enabled 5792777124 PM_BR_MPRED_CCACHE: result 319 running/enabled 5792775546 PM_BR_PRED_PCACHE: result 2147483281 running/enabled 5792773128 PM_BR_MPRED_PCACHE: result 213604201 running/enabled 5792771640 Miss percent 9 % OK - Measured branch prediction rates match reported spectre v2 mitigation. sysfs reports: 'Mitigation: Indirect branch serialisation (kernel only)' PM_BR_PRED_CCACHE: result 895 running/enabled 5780320920 PM_BR_MPRED_CCACHE: result 822 running/enabled 5780312414 PM_BR_PRED_PCACHE: result 2147482754 running/enabled 5780308836 PM_BR_MPRED_PCACHE: result 213639731 running/enabled 5780307912 Miss percent 9 % OK - Measured branch prediction rates match reported spectre v2 mitigation. sysfs reports: 'Mitigation: Indirect branch cache disabled' PM_BR_PRED_CCACHE: result 2147483649 running/enabled 20540186160 PM_BR_MPRED_CCACHE: result 2147483649 running/enabled 20540180056 PM_BR_PRED_PCACHE: result 0 running/enabled 20540176090 PM_BR_MPRED_PCACHE: result 0 running/enabled 20540174182 Miss percent 100 % OK - Measured branch prediction rates match reported spectre v2 mitigation. Power8: sysfs reports: 'Vulnerable' PM_BR_PRED_CCACHE: result 2147483649 running/enabled 3505888142 PM_BR_MPRED_CCACHE: result 9 running/enabled 3505882788 Miss percent 0 % OK - Measured branch prediction rates match reported spectre v2 mitigation. sysfs reports: 'Mitigation: Indirect branch cache disabled' PM_BR_PRED_CCACHE: result 2147483649 running/enabled 16931421988 PM_BR_MPRED_CCACHE: result 2147483649 running/enabled 16931416478 Miss percent 100 % OK - Measured branch prediction rates match reported spectre v2 mitigation. success: spectre_v2 Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20190520105520.22274-1-mpe@ellerman.id.au
2019-05-30treewide: Replace GPLv2 boilerplate/reference with SPDX - rule 191Thomas Gleixner3-3/+3
Based on 1 normalized pattern(s): licensed under gplv2 extracted by the scancode license scanner the SPDX license identifier GPL-2.0-only has been chosen to replace the boilerplate/reference in 99 file(s). Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Alexios Zavras <alexios.zavras@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Richard Fontana <rfontana@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Reviewed-by: Steve Winslow <swinslow@gmail.com> Cc: linux-spdx@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190528170027.163048684@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-05-30treewide: Replace GPLv2 boilerplate/reference with SPDX - rule 152Thomas Gleixner4-20/+4
Based on 1 normalized pattern(s): this program is free software you can redistribute it and or modify it under the terms of the gnu general public license as published by the free software foundation either version 2 of the license or at your option any later version extracted by the scancode license scanner the SPDX license identifier GPL-2.0-or-later has been chosen to replace the boilerplate/reference in 3029 file(s). Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Cc: linux-spdx@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190527070032.746973796@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-05-03selftests/powerpc: Add a signal fuzzer selftestBreno Leitao1-0/+2
This is a new selftest that raises SIGUSR1 signals and handles it in a set of different ways, trying to create different scenario for testing purpose. This test works raising a signal and calling sigreturn interleaved with TM operations, as starting, suspending and terminating a transaction. The test depends on random numbers, and, based on them, it sets different TM states. Other than that, the test fills out the user context struct that is passed to the sigreturn system call with random data, in order to make sure that the signal handler syscall can handle different and invalid states properly. This selftest has command line parameters to control what kind of tests the user wants to run, as for example, if a transaction should be started prior to signal being raised, or, after the signal being raised and before the sigreturn. If no parameter is given, the default is enabling all options. This test does not check if the user context is being read and set properly by the kernel. Its purpose, at this time, is basically guaranteeing that the kernel does not crash on invalid scenarios. Signed-off-by: Breno Leitao <leitao@debian.org> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2019-01-15selftests/powerpc: New TM signal self testBreno Leitao2-0/+10
A new self test that forces MSR[TS] to be set without calling any TM instruction. This test also tries to cause a page fault at a signal handler, exactly between MSR[TS] set and tm_recheckpoint(), forcing thread->texasr to be rewritten with TEXASR[FS] = 0, which will cause a BUG when tm_recheckpoint() is called. This test is not deterministic, since it is hard to guarantee that the page access will cause a page fault. In order to force more page faults at signal context, the signal handler and the ucontext are being mapped into a MADV_DONTNEED memory chunks. Tests have shown that the bug could be exposed with few interactions in a buggy kernel. This test is configured to loop 5000x, having a good chance to hit the kernel issue in just one run. This self test takes less than two seconds to run. This test uses set/getcontext because the kernel will recheckpoint zeroed structures, causing the test to segfault, which is undesired because the test needs to rerun, so, there is a signal handler for SIGSEGV which will restart the test. v2: Uses the MADV_DONTNEED memory advice v3: Fix memcpy and 32-bits compilation v4: Does not define unused macros Signed-off-by: Breno Leitao <leitao@debian.org> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2018-11-25selftests/powerpc: Create a new SKIP_IF macroBreno Leitao1-0/+10
This patch creates a new macro that skips a test and prints a message to stderr. This is useful to give an idea why the tests is being skipped, other than just skipping the test blindly. Signed-off-by: Breno Leitao <leitao@debian.org> Reviewed-by: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2018-10-20selftests/powerpc: Add a test of wild bctrMichael Ellerman1-0/+1
This tests that a bctr (Branch to counter and link), ie. a function call, to a wildly out-of-bounds address is handled correctly. Some old kernel versions didn't handle it correctly, see eg: "powerpc/slb: Force a full SLB flush when we insert for a bad EA" https://lists.ozlabs.org/pipermail/linuxppc-dev/2017-April/157397.html Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2018-10-20selftests/powerpc: Add test to verify rfi flush across a system callNaveen N. Rao1-0/+10
This adds a test to verify proper functioning of the rfi flush capability implemented to mitigate meltdown. The test works by measuring the number of L1d cache misses encountered while loading data from memory. Across a system call, since the L1d cache is flushed when rfi_flush is enabled, the number of cache misses is expected to be relative to the number of cachelines corresponding to the data being loaded. The current system setting is reflected via powerpc/rfi_flush under debugfs (assumed to be /sys/kernel/debug/). This test verifies the expected result with rfi_flush enabled as well as when it is disabled. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Signed-off-by: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com> [mpe: Add SPDX tags, clang format, skip if the debugfs is missing, use __u64 and SANE_USERSPACE_TYPES to avoid printf() build errors.] Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2018-10-20selftests/powerpc: Move UCONTEXT_NIA() into utils.hNaveen N. Rao1-0/+8
... so that it can be used by others. Signed-off-by: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2018-08-07selftests/powerpc: Add a helper for checking if we're on ppc64leMichael Ellerman1-0/+2
Some of our selftests have only been tested on ppc64le and crash or behave weirdly on ppc64/ppc32. So add a helper for checking the UTS machine. Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2018-05-28selftests/powerpc: Add ptrace tests for Protection Key registersThiago Jung Bauermann1-0/+1
This test exercises read and write access to the AMR, IAMR and UAMOR. Signed-off-by: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com> [mpe: Simplify make rule] Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman2-0/+2
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-03-20selftests/powerpc: Refactor the AUXV routinesMichael Ellerman1-1/+5
Refactor the AUXV routines so they are more composable. In a future test we want to look for many AUXV entries and we don't want to have to read /proc/self/auxv each time. Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2017-03-09selftests/powerpc: Replace stxvx and lxvx with stxvd2x/lxvd2xCyril Bur1-24/+24
On POWER8 (ISA 2.07) lxvx and stxvx are defined to be extended mnemonics of lxvd2x and stxvd2x. For POWER9 (ISA 3.0) the HW architects in their infinite wisdom made lxvx and stxvx instructions in their own right. POWER9 aware GCC will use the POWER9 instruction for lxvx and stxvx causing these selftests to fail on POWER8. Further compounding the issue, because of the way -mvsx works it will cause the power9 instructions to be used regardless of -mcpu=power8 to GCC or -mpower8 to AS. The safest way to address the problem for now is to not use the extended mnemonic. We don't care how the CPU loads the values from memory since the tests only performs register comparisons, so using stdvd2x/lxvd2x does not impact the test. Signed-off-by: Cyril Bur <cyrilbur@gmail.com> Acked-by: Balbir Singh<bsingharora@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2016-11-17selftests/powerpc: Add ptrace tests for GPR/FPR registersAnshuman Khandual1-0/+61
This patch adds ptrace interface test for GPR/FPR registers. This adds ptrace interface based helper functions related to GPR/FPR access and some assembly helper functions related to GPR/FPR registers. Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Simon Guo <wei.guo.simon@gmail.com> [mpe: Add #defines for the new note types when headers don't define them] Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2016-11-17selftests/powerpc: Move shared headers into new include dirSimon Guo9-0/+697
There are some functions, especially register related, which can be shared across multiple selftests/powerpc test directories. This patch creates a new include directory to store those shared files, so that the file layout becomes more neat. Signed-off-by: Simon Guo <wei.guo.simon@gmail.com> [mpe: Reworked to move the headers only] Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>